Kings and Chronicles2 marksWhat were the two groups of Indian nobles in Mughal Empire?
Two ruling groups of Indian origin entered the imperial service from 1560A.D onwards: the Rajputs and the Indian Muslims (Shaikhzadas). The first to join wasa Rajput chief, Raja Bharmal Kachhwaha of Amber, to whose daughter Akbar gotmarried.Aurangzeb appointed Rajputs to high positions, and under him the Marathasaccounted for a sizeable number within the body of officers.
Give an account of Honours given by the Mughal rulers.
Mughal Emperors conferred honours to the person on their achievements in their fieldregularly that included the robe of honour (khilat), a garment once worn by theemperor and imbued with his benediction. One gift, thesarapa (“head to foot”),consisted of a tunic, a turban and a sash (patka). Jewelled ornaments were often givenas gifts by the emperor. The lotus blossom set with jewels (padma murassa) was givenonly in exceptional circumstances.
What are chronicles?
The Mughal Emperors wanted to record their vision of their rule. They commissionedcourt historians to write accounts. These recorded accounts had information about theevents of the emperor’s time. These accounts also had information about the regionsof the subcontinent. Modern historians who write history in English have termedthose accounts as chronicles, because the accounts give information in a chronologicalmanner.
How did the term ‘Mughal’ originate?
The term ‘Mughal’ is derived from Mongol. But the Mughal Emperors did not callthemselves as the Mughals. The Mughal Emperors called themselves as Timurids, thedescendants of the Turkish ruler Timur. During the sixteenth century, Europeans usedthe term 'Mughal' to describe the branch of the family of Timur (Timurids).
Who established the Mughal Empire in India?
Zahiruddin Babar was the founder of the Mughal Empire. He first established himself at Kabul and then in 1526 moved further into the Indian subcontinent searching for territories and resources to meet the needs of his clan as his first aim was to get backup resources to reclaim his paternal territories.
Why Akbar is considered to be the great ruler of the Mughal Empire?
Akbar is considered to be a great ruler of the Mughals, because unlike other Mughalemperors, he expanded his empire and made it as the largest, strongest and the richestkingdom at the time of his rule. He was able to expand his empire up to theHindukush Mountains and prevented the Uzbeks of Turan (Central Asia) and theSafavids of Iran. Also he had initiated many cultural elements.
What were the features of the Mughal imperial structure during the sixteenthand seventeenth centuries?
The institutions of an imperial structure were created in the sixteenth and seventeenthcenturies. It had effective methods of administration and taxation. The court was thecentre of the Mughal power where political alliances and relationships were made andstatus and hierarchies were defined. The political system of the Mughals was based on