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Color Fastness to Washing

Color Fastness to Washing

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Published by Tarang Mathur
Textile testing Power point presentation
Textile testing Power point presentation

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Tarang Mathur on Nov 19, 2011
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Color Fastness to washing
partner-pub-914 FORID:9 ISO-8859-1
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Color Fastness:
he resistance of a material to change in any of its color characteristics, when subjected to washing is calledolor fasntess to washing.
General Principle:
specimen of the textile to be tested, with the adjacent fabric attached is subjected to washing under specifiendonditions. Te extent of any change in color and that of the staining of the adjacent fabric are assessed and therating is expressed in fastness numbers.here are two types of adjacent fabrics; (1) single fibre fabric and multiple fibre fabric. In the case of multifiberabric only one specimen is required and in the of single fiber fabric two adjacent faabric are required.here are various colorfastness tests. Details of some of the tests are given below.
Fastness to washing:
In the test, change in color of the textile and also staining of color on the adjacent fabric are assessed. A 10 x 4m swatch of the coloured fabric is taken and is sandwitched between two adjacent fabric and stitched, Thesample and the adjacent fabric are washed together. FIve different types of washing are specified as differentashing mthods.
Fastness to Wash
Sr.No Method Washing severitySoap+Sodain grams/literTime inminutesTemperatureSteelballs1 IS:687:79Very mild like handwash5 30 40+/- 2 Nil2 IS:3361:795 times severe thanmethod 15 45 50+/- 2 Nil3 IS:764:79 Mild washing 5 + 2 30 60+/-2 Nil4 IS:765:79 Severe washing 5 + 2 30 95+/-2 105 IS:3417:79 Severe washing 5 + 2 4 hrs 95+/-2 10he solution for washing should be prepared to the required temperature of washing. The liquor material ratio is0:1 .fter soaping treatment, remove the speciment, rinse twice in cold water and then in running cold water under aap. Squeeze it and air dry at a temperture not exceeding 60°C. The change in color and staining is evaluatedith the help of grey scales.
 
 
COLOR FASTNESS
COLOUR FASTNESS TO WASHING3.30.1 Current criterionThe current criterion is formulated as follows:
“The color fastness to washing shall be at least level 3
-4 (color change and staining).
This criterion does not apply to products clearly labeled “dry clean only” or equivalent
 (insofar as it is normal practice for such products to be so labeled), to white products orproducts that are neither dyed nor printed, or to furniture fabrics.Test method: ISO 105 C06 (single wash, at temperature as marked on the product, withperborate powder
). Test report required on application.”
 3.30.2 Changes to the criterionLevel 3-4 is acceptable for color change, but should be 4 for staining. In case ofmulticolored fabrics or fabrics to be sewn together with white even 4-5 might not beenough to avoid visible staining. At the ahWG meeting December 2001 it was argued,however, that level 4 is too strict for many products, for instance when micro-fibers areinvolved. At the end it was agreed to keep the fastness levels at the same level as in thecurrent criterion.The criterion should also apply to washable/removable furniture fabrics.The criterion is reformulated as follows:
“The color fastness to washing shall be at least level 3
-4 for color change and at leastlevel 3-4 for staining. This criterion d
oes not apply to products clearly labeled “dry clean
 
only” or equivalent (insofar as it is normal practice for such products to be so labeled), to
 white products or products that are neither dyed nor printed, or to non-washable furniturefabrics.Assessment and verification: The applicant shall provide test reports using thefollowing test method: ISO 105 C06 (single wash, at temperature as marked on theproduct, with perborate powder).COLOUR FASTNESS TO PERSPIRATION (ACID, ALKALINE)3.31.1 Current criterionThe current criterion is formulated as follows: The color fastness to perspiration (acidand alkaline) shall be at least level 3-4 (color change and staining). This criterion doesnot apply to white products, to products that are neither dyed nor printed, to furniturefabrics, curtains or similar textiles intended for interior decoration. A level of 3 isnevertheless allowed when fabrics are both light colored (standard depth < 1/12) andmade of silk or of blends with more than 20% silk.
2
Test method: ISO 105 E04 (acid and alkaline, comparison with multi-fiber fabric). Testreport required on application.3.31.2 Changes to the criterionLevel 4 should be used here to be sure to avoid consumer complaints. A number ofcomments during the revision work recommended, however, keeping the existing level.The Italian Competent Body informed that the exception for silk and silk blends is wrong,and suggested the reformulated wording as follows:
“The color fastness to perspiration (acid and alkaline) shall
be at least level 3-4 (colorchange and staining).
Environmental Assurance Program (EAP)
A level of 3 is nevertheless allowed when fabrics are both dark colored (standard depth> 1/1) and made of regenerated wool or more than 20% silk. This criterion does notapply to white products, to products that are neither dyed nor printed, to furniture fabrics,curtains or similar textiles intended for interior decoration.Assessment and verification: The applicant shall provide test reports using thefollowing test method: ISO 105 E04 (acid and alkaline, comparison with multi-fiber
 
fabric).COLOUR FASTNESS TO WET RUBBING3.32.1 Current criterionThe current criterion is formulated as follows:"The color fastness to wet rubbing shall be at least level 2-3. A level of 2 is neverthelessallowed for indigo dyed denim. This criterion does not apply to white products, productsthat are neither dyed nor printed, or to curtains or similar textiles intended for interiordecoration.
Test method: ISO 105 X12. Test report required on application.”
 3.32.2 Changes to the criterionThis level should be at least 3 (2-3 for denim), and it should also apply to interiordecorations as there are examples, where products with such low levels have stainedthemselves during washing. A number of comments during the revision workrecommended, however, keeping the existing level. The exceptions regarding curtainsand textiles intended for interior decorations are deleted, resulting in the followingformulation: "The color fastness to wet rubbing shall be at least level 2-3. A level of 2 isnevertheless allowed for indigo dyed denim. This criterion does not apply to whiteproducts or products that are neither dyed nor printed."Assessment and verification: The applicant shall provide test reports using thefollowing test method: ISO 105 X12
3
COLOUR FASTNESS TO DRY RUBBING3.33.1 Current criterionThe current criterion is formulated as follows:
“The color fastness to dry rubbing shall
be at least level 4. A level of 3-4 is neverthelessallowed for indigo dyed denim. This criterion does not apply to white products orproducts that are neither dyed nor printed, or to curtains or similar textiles intended forinterior decoration. Test met
hod: ISO 105 X12. Test report required on application.”
 3.33.2 Changes to the criterionThe criterion has not been questioned or subject to other suggestions. It thereforeremains unchanged, except for assessment and verification, with the following wording:The color fastness to dry rubbing shall be at least level 4. A level of 3-4 is neverthelessallowed for indigo dyed denim. This criterion does not apply to white products orproducts that are neither dyed nor printed, or to curtains or similar textiles intended forinterior decoration.Assessment and verification: The applicant shall provide test reports using the followingtest method: ISO 105 X12.COLOUR FASTNESS TO LIGHT3.34.1 Current criterionFor fabrics intended for furniture, curtains or drapes, the color fastness to light shall be atleast level 5. A level of 4 is nevertheless allowed when fabrics are both light colored(standard depth < 1/12) and made of silk, wool or other keratin fibers, linen or other bastfibers, or of blends with more than 20% wool or other keratin fibers, or of blends withmore than 20% silk, or of blends with more than 20% linen or other bast fibers.Note: this requirement does not apply to mattress ticking.Test method: ISO 105 B02. Test report required on application.3.34.2 Changes to the criterionA level of 6 should apply to curtains and level 5 for other products. If exterior textiles willbe included in the criteria document color fastness to weathering (outdoor light fastness)should be used in stead of color fastness to light. For weathering a level of 5 shouldapply to awnings and the like and 4 or 4-5 to outdoor clothing.During the revision work it was suggested also to include clothing products in thecriterion. It was argued, however, that some types of clothing are only seldom exposedto light, so that exceptions should be made in such cases. It was agreed to fix the level

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