This paper was submitted for eINDIA 2011 conference Page 1
Transforming public healthcare through technology
Innovations in Public Health and Sanitation using convergencetechnologies- e-sanitation facility -A case study of Delight eToilet
, Ria John
Eram Scientific Solutions
Public health and sanitation are so closely intertwined that it is not possible to look at publichealth indices in isolation, by ignoring the stark statistics of deprivation of public sanitationfacilities. This consequence is more evident in metros and other upcoming cities in Indiawhich are now swelling with large migrant population as well as a floating population of global travellers, in addition to the city dwellers.
The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 7, Target 10, is „To halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water and sanitation‟. At the halfway
point, achievement of the sanitation element is too slow in 74 countries.Though India has been making significant strides in the public health front, the alarmingnegligence towards setting up adequate public infrastructure for sanitation is takingdangerous turns. According to an ICRA industry report on Healthcare, India spends 5.1percent of its GDP on health. A World Bank study has quantified the economic loss of lack of toilets and sanitation facilities in the country at $54 billion, as a consequence of treatmentcost for diseases, early deaths, lost productivity, and loss in tourist revenue among otherfactors.
The study „Economic Impact of Inadequate Sanitation in India‟, conducted by theBank‟s South Asia Water and Sanitation Unit, says lack of toilets and decent sanitation costs
India nearly $54 billion (Rs 24,000 crore), or 6.4% of its GDP a year, mainly throughpremature deaths, especially of children, treatment for hygiene-related illnesses, and lostproductivity.