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Algebra Liniara Geometrie Analitica Si Elemente de Geometrie Diferentiala

Algebra Liniara Geometrie Analitica Si Elemente de Geometrie Diferentiala

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Published by: stanculeanu on Nov 19, 2011
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   S  t  u  d  e  n  t    W  e   b   C  o  p  y
Vladimir BALAN
Algebr˘a Liniar˘a, Geometrie Analitic˘a,s¸i Elemente de Geometrie Diferent¸ial˘a
= Bucure¸sti 2011 =
 
   S  t  u  d  e  n  t    W  e   b   C  o  p  y
Prefat¸˘a
Acest material include not¸iunile, rezultatele teoretice de baz˘a, precum ¸si probleme de algebr˘a liniar˘a, geometrie analitia ¸si elemente de geometrie diferent¸ial˘a (teoria curbelor ¸si suprafet¸elor). ˆIn lucrare sunt expuse clar ¸si cu multe exemple instructive, elemente de algebr˘a liniar˘a (structurialgebrice, spat¸ii vectoriale, transform˘ari liniare, forme p˘atratice), de geometrie analitic˘a (vectori liberi, dreapta ¸si planul ˆın spat¸iu, conice, cuadrice) ¸si de geometrie diferent¸ial˘a (curbe ¸si suprafet¸e). De¸si cartea are un pronunt¸at caracter teoretic, atˆat exemplific˘arile ce ˆınsot¸esc definit¸iile ¸si rezul- tatele, precum ¸si exercit¸iile propuse la sfˆar¸sit de capitol urmate de aspunsuri sau rezolv˘ari succinte, fac din acest curs un instrument util de seminarizare.ˆIn plus, volumul include un index de not¸iuni, deci poate utilizat ¸si ca memento, iar referint¸elebibliografice reprezint˘a un punct de plecare pentru un studiu extins al materialului.Lucrarea este utia ˆın special student¸ilor de la facult˘at¸ile tehnice, inginerilor, cerceatorilor ¸si cadrelor didactice din ˆınv˘at¸˘amˆantul superior ¸si mediu, putˆand fi consultat˘a ¸si de elevii de liceu din anii terminali. Parcurgerea c˘art¸ii presupune cunoa¸sterea not¸iunilor ¸si rezultatelor de algebr˘a, analiz˘a matematic˘a ¸si geometrie predate ˆın ˆınv˘at¸˘amˆantul liceal. Bucure¸sti, 7 ianuarie 2011. Autorul.
 
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Cuprins
I ALGEBR˘A LINIAR˘A 6
1 Spat¸ii vectoriale 6
1 Structuri algebrice: monoizi, grupuri ¸si corpuri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Spat¸ii ¸si subspat¸ii vectoriale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Dependent¸˘a ¸si independent¸˘a liniar˘a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4 Baz˘a ¸si dimensiune . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 Spat¸ii vectoriale euclidiene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Ortogonalitate. Procedeul de ortogonalizare Gram-Schmidt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257 Probleme propuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
2 Transform˘ari linare 38
1 Transform˘ari liniare. Definit¸ii, exemple, propriet˘at¸i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 2 Nucleul ¸si imaginea unei transform˘ari liniare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423 Matricea unei transforari liniare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454 Endomorsme particulare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 485 Transform˘ari liniare pe spat¸ii euclidiene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 506 Izometrii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 537 Probleme propuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
3 Vectori ¸si valori proprii 60
1 Generalit˘at¸i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 602 Polinom caracteristic al unui endomorsm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 613 Forma diagonal˘a a unui endomorsm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 654 Forma canonic˘a Jordan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 695 Spectrul endomorfismelor ˆın spat¸ii euclidiene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 736 Polinoame de matrice. Funct¸ii de matrice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 757 Probleme propuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
4 Forme biliniare ¸si p˘atratice 82
1 Forme biliniare. Forme atratice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 832 Reducerea formelor atratice la expresia canonic˘a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 873 Signatura unei forme atratice reale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 944 Probleme propuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 953

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