Though one may deduce the existence of God and his Attributes (One, Truth,Good, Power, Knowledge) through reason, certain specifics may be known only throughspecial revelation (such as the Trinity). In Thomas's view, special revelation isequivalent to the revelation of God inJesus Christ.The major theological componentsof Christianity, such as theTrinityand theIncarnation,are revealed in the teachings of
the Church and theScripturesand may not otherwise be deduced.Supernatural revelation (faith) and natural revelation (reason) are complementary ratherthan contradictory in nature, for they pertain to the same unity: truth.
As a Catholic, Thomas believed that God is the "maker of heaven and earth, ofall that is visible and invisible." Like Aristotle, Thomas posited that life could form fromnon-living material or plant life, a theory of ongoingabiogenesisknown asspontaneous
generation: Since the generation of one thing is the corruption of another, it was notincompatible with the first formation of things, that from the corruption of the less perfectthe more perfect should be generated. Hence animals generated from the corruption ofinanimate things, or of plants, may have been generated then.Additionally, Thomas consideredEmpedocles'theory that various mutatedspeciesemerged at the dawn of Creation. Thomas reasoned that these species weregenerated throughmutationsin animalsperm,and argued that they were not
unintended bynature;rather, such species were simply not intended for perpetualexistence. This discussion is found in his commentary onAristotle's Physics: The same thing is true of those substances which Empedocles said were
produced at the beginning of the world, such as the ‗ox
progeny‘, i.e., half ox and half
man. For if such things were not able to arrive at some end and final state of nature sothat they would be preserved in existence, this was not because nature did not intendthis [a final state], but because they were not capable of being preserved. For they werenot generated according to nature, but by the corruption of some natural principle, as it