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History of Thanksgiving

History of Thanksgiving

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Published by OlgaBentz
History of Thanksgiving
History of Thanksgiving

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: OlgaBentz on Nov 19, 2011
Copyright:Public Domain


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History of Thanksgiving
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Thanksgiving Day is much more than turkey, trimmings, and football.Thanksgiving Day is an annual day of thanks for the blessings of the past year, observed on thefourth Thursday in November in each of the states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.It is a day in the United States, commemorating the harvest of the Plymouth Colony in 1621. After the survival of their colony through the bitter winter, and the gathering of the harvest, Governor William Bradford of Plymouth Colony issued a thanksgiving proclamation in the autumn of 1621.The first Thanksgiving lasted three days, during which the Pilgrims feasted on wild turkey andvenison with their Native American guests.Days of thanksgiving were celebrated sporadically until, on November 26, 1789, PresidentWashington issued a Thanksgiving Proclamation. See BelowHe made it clear that the day should be one of prayer and giving thanks to the Almighty.It was to be celebrated by all religious denominations, a circumstance that helped to promote a spiritof common heritage.However, when Thanksgiving Day was first inaugurated, only a few eastern states participated.That was changed through the tireless efforts of one, Sarah J. Hale, editor and founder of the LadiesMagazine (from 1828) in Boston. She was fired with the determination of having the whole nation join together in setting apart a national day of giving thanks unto Almighty from whom all blessingsflow.To this end, she resolutely engaged the press with an endless flow of letters and articles to variousnewspapers and journals of her time. In addition she pleaded long and earnestly with threePresidents: Fillmore, Pierce and Buchanan, during the period of 1846 through 1856.A small measure of triumph was granted in the year 1852, when her campaign succeeded in uniting29 states in marking the last Thursday of November as the Thanksgiving day.
Then came the dark days of the Civil War. Who would listen to a lone woman with her persistent plea for just one day of peace amidst the blood and the strife.One man did. Her entreaty won the ear of the Chief of State, and in 1863, the nations President,Abraham Lincoln, officially proclaimed the last Thursday of November as a day set apart for thenational giving of thanks unto Almighty God. Sadly, Lincoln lived to experience only two suchoccasions, but Sarah Hale lived well into her late 90’s content that her long-cherished hope had atlast become a reality.Succeeding presidents annually followed President Lincoln example.In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaimed Thanksgiving Day a week earlier, on the fourth but not the last Thursday, to encourage holiday shopping.In 1941, Congress adopted a joint resolution setting the date on the fourth Thursday.An ancient harvest symbol, the cornucopia, or Horn of Plenty, has been associated withThanksgiving.In Canada a legal Thanksgiving Day is also observed, usually on the second Monday in October.George Washington's Thanksgiving ProclamationPresident George Washington's 1789Whereas it is the duty of all nations to acknowledge the providence of the Almighty God, to obeyHis will, to be grateful for His benefits, and humbly to implore His protection and favor;and Whereas both Houses of Congress have, by their joint committee, requested me to recommend tothe people of the United Statesa day of public thanksgiving and prayer, to be observed by acknowledging with grateful hearts themany and signal favors of Almighty God, especially by affording them an opportunity peaceably toestablish a form of government for their safety and happiness. Now, therefore, I do recommend and assign Thursday, the 26th day of November next, to be devoted by the people of the these States to the service of that great and glorious Being who is the beneficentauthor of all the good that was, that is, or that will be;that we may then all unite in rendering unto Him our sincere and humble thanks for His kind careand protection of the people of this country previous to their becoming a nation;for the signal and manifold mercies and the favorable interpositions of His providence in the courseand conclusion of the late war;
for the peaceable and rational manner in which we have been enabled to establish constitutions of government for our safety and happiness, and particularly the national one now lately instituted for the civil and religious liberty with which we are blessed, and the means we have of acquiring anddiffusing useful knowledge; and, in general,for all the great and various favors which He has been pleased to confer upon us.And also that we may then unite in most humbly offering our prayers and supplications to the greatLord and Ruler of Nations and beseech Himto pardon our national and other transgressions;to enable us all, whether in public or private stations, to perform our several and relative duties properly and punctually;to render our National Government a blessing to all the people by constantly being a Government of wise, just, and constitutional laws, discreetly and faithfully executed and obeyed;to protect and guide all sovereigns and nations (especially such as have shown kindness to us), and to bless them with good governments, peace, and concord;to promote the knowledge and practice of true religion and virtue, and the increase of science amongthem and us; and, generallyto grant unto all mankind such a degree of temporal prosperity as He alone knows to be best.Given under my hand, at the city of New York, the 3rd day of October, Year 1789~Every day help someone who can never reciprocate. This is my obligation.~ John Wooden's PHILOSOPHYThe great UCLA basketball coach
FREE eBook:
The Miracle of Tithing
; by Mark Victor Hansen
We were made with two hands.One with which to receive and one with which to give.

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