Habitat/Plant Community and Geographic Range
Flood plain forests, swamps, shores, lake edges, stream banks,Midwest windbreaks and farmstead plantings. [7, 11, 22, 36, 44]
Minn. (Eco-Region: All), Wis., Mich. N.S. and Que. to Alta., s. to Fla. and Tex. [7, 21]
Early successional, deciduous tree with a height of 50-75' and width of 35-50'.Trees have dense, rounded or irregular crowns of shiny green foliage; fast growing on drysoils.
Small clusters of many yellow flowers that bloom before leaves in earlyspring. Male and female flowers are on separate trees.
Opposite, pinnatelycompound, shiny green above, green or paler and slightly hairy beneath; turn yellow inautumn. The leaflets number 5-9 (usually 7) and are toothed, slightly petioled and 2-5''long. The leaf scars are in a half circle.
Furrowed in a very tight, regular diamondpattern of crisscrossing ridges with reddish inner layer.
Smooth and round,becoming gray and hairless.
A wedge-shaped samara, with a round or somewhatround body and a flat 1¼-2¼'' long wing that is yellowish and hangs in clusters thatmature in late summer and autumn.
Shallow, fibrous roots.
It tolerates mostsoil types, although it prefers moist alluvial soils of sand to sandy loam and a pH range of 6.1-7.5. This species may be found in rich, upland habitats. [7, 8, 11, 22, 36, 44]
Normal Water Level
This species prefers upland moist to wet/saturated conditions, although it will toleratedry, rich, upland soils. [21, 37]
60'' in spring and 24'' in summer.
Long forspring, medium long for summer – 10 and 4 days, respectively
(decreasing 6''/day inspring and 12'' over 2 days in summer). This species has a high flood tolerance inspring, especially at the thaw and rainy season. It has a tolerance to irregular inundationthroughout the rest of the year. Adults are very tolerant to flood depth increases; seedlingsare moderately tolerant. [1, 8, 22, 44]
Sensitivities or Other Tolerances
Not much shade; full to part sun.
ash borer, oystershell scale, brown headed ashsawfly, lilac leaf minor, lilac borer.
Green ash is resistant to 2,4-D, lighting,drought, heat, alkaline soils, mine spoils and soil compaction. It is the most tolerantof the ashes. It is damaged by wind and ice and is sensitive to SO
. It has amoderate tolerance to general disturbance and stress. [1, 2, 8, 10, 22, 25, 37, 44]
Green ash is one of the more common shade trees being planted because of itstoughness and ease of growth. It is used for restorations of wet depressions, floodplain forests, stream bank stabilization, slope buffers and shelterbelts. It thrives alongroads, streets, and restrictive urban landscapes.
Green ash may be
Green Ash -
F. pennsylvanica subintegerrima, F. pennsyl lanceolata
-Swamp Ash, Water Ash