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Table Of Contents

1.1. Background
1.2. Statement of the Problem
1.3. Objectives of the Study
1.4. Research Questions
1.5. Significance of the Study
1.6. Scope of the Study
1.7. Limitation of the Study
1.8. The Structure of the Thesis
2.1. The Study Area
Figure 2.1: Location of Lake Chamo
2.2. Sample Selection
Table2.1: Sampling Strata and Sample Size Taken from each Strata
2.3. Data Source, Collection Methods & Tools
2.4. Data Analysis
Communities
3.1.1. Definition of Terms
Livelihoods
3.1.4. Major Components of SLF
Figure 3.1: A Framework for Analyzing Livelihood of the Fishing Communities
3.1.5. Principles of SLA
3.1.6. Importance of SLA as Applied to Fisheries
3.1.7. Some Challenges of SLA
3.2. Resource Degradation, Access and livelihoods
3.2.1. Resource Degradation and Livelihoods
3.2.2. The Role of Common Pool Resources (CPRs) to Livelihoods
3.2.3. Thoughts on CPRs Management to Sustainable Livelihoods
Security and Poverty Alleviation
3.2.5. Poverty and Vulnerability in Small Scale Fishing Communities
Sustainable Livelihoods
3.2.7. Fisheries Sector in the Rural Livelihoods and Economy of Ethiopia
4.1. Lake Chamo and its Basin
4.1.1. Location of Lake Chamo
4.2. Physical Properties of Lake Chamo
4.3. Geology, Topography and Drainage
4.4. Major Soil Types
4.6. Major Land Uses and Land Cover
4.8. Historical Development of Lake Fisheries
5.1. Demographic and Social Characteristics
5.1.1. Sex, Age, Marital Status
Table 5.1: Age structure of sampled Households (HHs)
5.1.2. Ethnicity and Religious Composition
Table 5.2: Fisherman of Lake Chamo by Ethnic Category
5.1.3. Educational Status of the Household Head
Table 5.3: Educational Level of the Sampled Respondents
5.1.4. Family Size
Table 5.4: Sampled HHs by Family Size Category
5.1.5. Housing and House Condition
5.1.6. Major Health Problems
5.1.7. Organized/ Unorganized Fishers
5.1.8. Social Capital of the Fishermen
5.2. Economic Characteristics
5.2.1. Natural Capita Base
5.2.2. Physical Capital Base
5.2.3. Financial Capital Base
5.2.4. Major Livelihood Activities and Diversification
5.3. Spatial Distribution of the Fishermen
Table5.5: Surveyed Households by Place of Residence
6.1. Stress of Natural Capital Base and Livelihoods
Table 6.1: Fishermen Responses Regarding Some Indicators of Fish Stock
Table 6.2: Yearly total Potential Yield Estimates of Lake Chamo
Table 6.3: Trends of CPUE, for Major Species in Kg
Table: 6.4: Response of Fishermen on Species of Fish usually targeted
6.2. Major Causes of fishery Resource Depletion
6.2.1. Increasing Fishermen and Fishing Efforts
Figure 6.2: Trend of Total Fishing Nets Over Lake Chamo
Table 6.5: Fishermen Perceptions on Trends of Fishing Efforts
Management
6.2.3. Environmental Degradation
6.3. Resource Access and Livelihoods
Table 6.7: Access Options of Fishermen in Lake Chamo
6.4. Conflict over Resource and Livelihoods
6.5. Low Level of Choice Diversification
6.6. Lack of Adequate Government Support
6.6.1. Adequate Policy and Livelihoods
6.6.2. Technical Backup and Service Provision
6.6.3. Property and Life Insecurity of Fishermen
6.7. Lack of Voice
6.8. Lack of Alternative Employment Opportunities
6.9. Poor Saving
6.10. Natural Shocks
7.1. Household Food Insecurity and Coping Strategies
Table 7.2: Coping Strategies of HHs to Food Insecurity by Community (Multiple
7.2. Social Capital and Food Security
Table 7.3: Reception of Help/Assistance from Relatives or Friends by Community
7.3. Livelihood Insecurity and Adaptive Strategies
7.3.1. Survival Diversification
Table 7.4: Sources of fishermen household income in 2002, and 2006
7.3.2. Distress Migration
8.2. Recommendation
REFERENCES
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Tarekegn Shado

Tarekegn Shado

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Published by: alem010 on Nov 20, 2011
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12/12/2012

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