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output and one or more inputs. The output signal appears only for certain combinations of input signals. Logic gates are the basic building blocks from which most of the digital systems are built up. They implement the hardware of logical function, based on the logical algebra developed by George Boole. A unique characteristic of the Boolean algebra is that variables used in it can assume only one of the two values i.e. either 0 or 1.
The OR gate is represent by the following algebraic equation: A+B=C. It means that the logic of output should be '1' , when either A or B or both are '1'. A truth table may be defined as "a table, which gives the output states for all possible combinations of the in puts.
When we perform the experiment, the voltage at the point C is never equal to the applied voltage at the point A and B. This is because of potential drop across the pn-junction, whitch is 0.7V for silicon diodes, and 0.3V for germanium diodes.
Construct the curcuit given in fig-1(b).
Verify the truth table given by applying the input voltage ( A & B as
given in table ) and recording out puts.
of point C will be nearly zero, as the voltage across a forward- biased diode is very small (0.3 V). Moreover if both A and B are connected to '+5V' the point C will be at '+5V', because now both the diodes are off. This is called a 'diode AND gate' for obvious reason. More than two diodes may be used to form a. triple or multiple AND gate.
This gate consists of three elements, a transistor and two resistors. It is called the NOT gate, because its output is opposite to its input. It is also called an inverter. It has one input and one output, as shown in the truth table. Its symbolic representation and circuit diagrams are shown in figure 3.
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