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Muhammad Baqir as-Sadr - Our Philosophy

Muhammad Baqir as-Sadr - Our Philosophy

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OUR PHI LOSOPHY
Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr
Table of Contents
Preface: The Nature of this work.
Author's Introduction: The Social Issue.
Part One: Theory of Knowledge.
Chapter One: The Primary Sources of Knowledge.
Chapter Two: The Value of Knowledge.
Part Two: The Philosophical Notion Concerning the world.
Chapter One: Preliminary Notes.
Chapter Two: Dialectics or Disputation.
Chapter Three: The Principle of Causality.
Chapter Four: Matter or God.
Chapter Five: Knowledge.
Title Page- Islamic Philosophy Home- Preface
The Nature of This Work
Our Philosophy is a collection of our basic notions concerning the world and our way of considering it.
For this reason, the book, with the exception of the Introduction, is divided into two investigations: one
concerned with the theory of knowledge, and the other, with the philosophical notion of the world.
The task of the first investigation undertaken by this work can be summarized as follows:

1. To provide evidence for the [soundness of] rational logic which asserts that the rational method
of thought is sound, and that the mind - as it is equipped with necessary knowledge prior to
experience - is the primary criterion of human thought. There can be no philosophical or a
scientific thought that does not submit to this general criterion. Even the experience that
empiricists claim to be the primary criterion is not in reality anything but an instrument for
applying the rational criterion. The experiential theory cannot dispense with the rational treasure.

2. To study the value of human knowledge, and to show that one can admit that knowledge has a
[true] value on the basis of rational logic, and not on the basis of dialectical logic which cannot
give knowledge a true value. Our basic purpose in this investigation is to determine the book's
method in the second investigation, since the positing of a general notion concerning the world
depends, in the first place, on determining the principal method of thought, the general criterion
of true knowledge,[1] and the extent of (p. 8) the value of true knowledge. That is why the first
investigation is in fact a preparatory discussion for the second. The second investigation of the
work is the basic investigation, to which we would like to direct the reader's attention in
particular.

The discussion of the second investigation runs into five parts. In the first part, we present the
philosophical notions in conflict and their identifications. We will also offer some clarification of these
notions.

In the second part, we will take up the dialectic, since it is the best-known method on which modern
materialism rests today. Thus, we will study objectively and in detail all the major ideas of the dialectic
that were formulated by Hegel[2] and Karl Marx[3], the two dialectic philosophers.

In the third part, we will study the principle and laws of causality that govern the world, as well as the
comprehensive philosophical explication of the world that causality offers us. We will also treat a
number of philosophical doubts that have emerged in light of recent scientific developments.

From there, we will move to the fourth part [concerning] matter and God[4]. This discussion relates to
one of the final stages of the conflict between materialism and theology, so that we can form our
theological notion of the world in light of the philosophical laws and the various natural and human
sciences.

In the final part, we will study one of the most significant philosophical problems namely, that of

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