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A common pathway between resources and devices or you can say a bus is a subsystem that
transfers data or power between computer components inside a computer or between computers.
Unlike a point-to-point connection. a bus can logically connect several peripherals over the same set of
wires. Each bus defines its set of connectors to physically plug devices, cards or cables together.
Also there are another definition: A collection of wires through which data is transmitted from
one part of a computer to another. You can think of a bus as a highway on which data travels within a
computer. When used in reference to personal computers, the termbu s usually refers to internal bus.
This is a bus that connects all the internal computer components to the CPU and main memory.
There's also an expansion bus that enables expansion boards to access the CPU and memory. For
example, a bus enables a computer processor to communicate with the memory or a video card to
communicate with the memory.
The system bus, also known as the "front side bus" or "local bus," is the internal path from the CPU to memory and is split into address bus and data bus subsets. Addresses are sent over the address lines to signal a memory location, and data are transferred over the data lines to that location. System buses transfer data in parallel. In a 32-bit bus, data are sent over 32 wires simultaneously. A 64-bit bus uses 64 wires.
The peripheral bus is the pathway to the peripheral devices such as a disk or printer. PCI, AGP
and PCI Express are widely used peripheral buses. Devices connect to these parallel buses with cables
to controller cards that plug into slots on the motherboard. Another common bus is USB, and devices
are cabled to ports on the computer. USB is a serial bus, in which data travels over one wire.
Other peripheral buses have been used, including ISA, EISA, Micro Channel, VL-bus, NuBus,
TURBOchannel, VMEbus, MULTIBUS and STD bus.
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