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PIANCwg28Main

PIANCwg28Main

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Published by: api-3709579 on Oct 19, 2008
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W o rk in g G ro u p 2 8
M arC om
B re a k w a te rs w ith V e rtic a l
a n d In c lin e d C o n c r e te W a lls
(C D -v e rs io n )
2
C o n te n ts
C o n te n ts......................................................................................1
C o n te n ts......................................................................................2
C h a p te r 1In tro d u c tio n......................................................4

1 .1 W o rk in g g ro u p 2 8............................................................4 1 .2 T e rm s o f re fe re n c e a n d o rg a n is a tio n o f w o rk.............6 1 .3 S u m m a ry o f w o rk.............................................................8

C h a p te r 2

T y p e s o f s tru c tu re s........................................9 2 .1 C o n v e n tio n a l ty p e............................................................9 2 .2 N e w c o n c e p ts.................................................................1 4

C h a p te r 3

O v e r v ie w o f fa ilu re m o d e s..........................1 7 3 .1 T e rm s o f fa ilu re..............................................................1 7 3 .2 T y p e s o f fa ilu re m o d e s.................................................1 8

C h a p te r 4

H y d ra u lic re s p o n s e s....................................2 0 4 .1 O v e rto p p in g....................................................................2 0 4 .2 W a v e re fle c tio n..............................................................2 3 4 .3 W a v e T ra n s m is s io n.......................................................2 4

C h a p te r 5

W a v e fo rc e s..................................................2 6 5 .1 In tro d u c tio n.....................................................................2 6 5 .2 P ra c tic a l fo rm u la e fo r 2 -D w a v e fo rc e o n v e rtic a l w a lls

................................................................................................3 1

5 .3 E ffe c t o f s tru c tu re le n g th a n d a lig n m e n t....................3 3 6 .1 E a rth q u a k e.....................................................................3 5 6 .2 Ic e P re s s u re...................................................................3 5 6 .3 E a rth P re s s u re s fo r S tru c tu ra l D e s ig n........................3 5 6 .4 F ill P r e s s u r e s w ith in C a is s o n s.....................................3 6 6 .5 F ric tio n.............................................................................3 6 6 .6 H a n d lin g a n d F lo a t- O u t L o a d s....................................3 6 6 .7 F irs t G ro u n d in g..............................................................3 6

C h a p te r 7D e s ig n m e th o d s............................................3 7
7 .1 P re s e n t d e s ig n p ra c tic e................................................3 7

7 .2 P a rtia l s a fe ty fa c to r s y s te m..........................................3 8 L im it s ta te e q u a tio n s........................................................3 8 D e fin itio n o f p a rtia l s a fe ty fa c to rs...................................3 9 D e s ig n e q u a tio n s..............................................................3 9 D e te rm in a tio n a n d fo rm a t o f th e p a rtia l s a fe ty fa c to rs4 1 U n c e rta in tie s c o v e re d b y th e p a rtia l s a fe ty fa c to rs.....4 2 U n c e rta in tie s n o t c o v e re d b y th e p a rtia l s a fe ty fa c to rs

.............................................................................................4 3
P a rtia l s a fe ty fa c to rs........................................................4 5
C h a p te r 8

P e rfo rm a n c e o f E x is tin g S tru c tu re s..........4 9 8 .1 O b je c tiv e s a n d M e th o d o lo g y.......................................4 9 8 .2 C a s e s in v e s tig a te d........................................................4 9

8 .3 S e le c te d C a s e S u m m a rie s...........................................5 1 ( i) T y p e 1 : C a is s o n o n th in b e d d in g la y e r......................5 1 ( ii) T y p e 2 : C a is s o n s o n R u b b le M o u n d.........................5 4 ( iii) T y p e 3 : c a is s o n s w ith a r m o u r b lo c k p r o te c tio n.....5 6 (iv ) T y p e 4 : B lo c k T y p e B re a k w a te r..............................5 8 (v ) T y p e 5 : P ile d B re a k w a te r..........................................6 0

8 .4 S u m m a ry a n d C o n c lu s io n s..........................................6 1 8 .4 .1 S u m m a ry..................................................................6 1 8 .4 .2 C o n c lu s io n s.............................................................6 5

C h a p te r 9
M a te ria ls , c o n s tru c tio n a n d m a in te n a n c e. 66

9 .1 C o n c re te..........................................................................6 6 9 .1 .1 G e n e ra l P rin c ip le s..................................................6 6 9 .1 .2 D e s ig n W o rk in g L ife (o r S e rv ic e L ife ).................6 6 9 .1 .3

P ro c e s s e s o f D e te rio ra tio n..................................6 7
9 .1 .4

E x p o s u re C la s s ific a tio n........................................6 9 9 .1 .6 In flu e n c e o f C e m e n t C o n te n t................................7 0 9 .1 .7 T h e In flu e n c e o f C ra c k in g.....................................7 0 9 .1 .8 In flu e n c e o f C u rin g.................................................7 1 9 .1 .9 M o n ito rin g a n d M a in te n a n c e................................7 1

3
9 .2 M a te ria ls..........................................................................7 2
9 .2 .1
R o c k a n d R u b b le...................................................7 2
9 .2 .2

F illin g a n d B a c k fillin g............................................7 2 9 .2 .3 U n re in fo rc e d C o n c re te..........................................7 2 9 .2 .4

R e in fo rc e d C o n c re te , in c lu d in g th e S e le c tio n o f
C o v e r to R e in fo rc e m e n t..................................................7 2
9 .2 .5
P ro te c tiv e M e a s u re s s u c h a s C o a tin g s a n d
C a th o d ic P ro te c tio n..........................................................7 3
9 .2 .6 C o rro s io n o f S tru c tu ra l S te e l................................7 5
9 .3 C o n s tru c tio n R e la te d C rite ria a n d M e th o d s fo r
C a is s o n s................................................................................7 5
9 .3 .1 S e a C o n d itio n s D a ta a n d L im its fo r C o n s tru c tio n

R is k s...................................................................................7 5 9 .3 .2 C o n s tru c tio n J o in ts................................................7 5 9 .3 .3 S e ttle m e n t...............................................................7 6

C h a p te r 1 0R e c o m m e n d a tio n s....................................7 7

1 0 .1 D e s ig n c o d e s a n d d e s ig n p ro c e d u re s......................7 7 1 0 .2 O v e rto p p in g..................................................................7 8 1 0 .3 S lip fa ilu r e c a lc u la tio n s...............................................7 8 1 0 .4 S tru c tu ra l, m a te ria l a n d c o n s tru c tio n a s p e c ts.........7 9

1 0 .4 .1 S tru c tu ra l A n a ly s is a n d C h a n g e to P ro b a b ilis tic
A p p ro a c h...........................................................................7 9
1 0 .4 .2 E a rth P re s s u re A n a ly s is fo r th e D e s ig n o f
S tru c tu ra l E le m e n ts..........................................................8 0
1 0 .4 .3 C o n c re te D u ra b ility..............................................8 0
R e fe re n c e s......................................................................8 2
A p p e n d ix...........................................................................8 5

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