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True Lovers _Song 2

True Lovers _Song 2

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Published by Domenic Marbaniang

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Published by: Domenic Marbaniang on Nov 21, 2011
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11/21/2011

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SEMINARY PAPERSCentral India Theological Seminary
TRUE LOVERS
EXEGESIS OF SONG 2:1-6DOMENIC MARBANIANG
© October 1998THE BOOK
The book often goes under the title “The Song of Solomon”,but is also called “The Song of Songs” or “Canticles”. It is thefirst of the five Megilloth, the fivescrolls read by the Jews atvarious feasts: Canticles (Passover), Ruth (Pentecost),Ecclesiastes (Tabernacles), Esther (Purim), and Lamentations(anniversary of the destruction of Jerusalem). The title inHebrew as well as in the LXX is “The Song of Songs”. TheVulgate entitled it
Canticum Canticorum,
hence thealternative English title Canticles.
1
 
THE DATE
The greatest objections to the dating of the book to theSolomonic era are concerned first with the use of Greek,Persian, and even Sanskrit loan words; and then with thereference to Tirzah (6:4) which indicates that the book wascompleted in the Persian Period or at a period prior to thetime of Omri (885/84-874/73 BC) who built Samaria as hiscapital city to replace Tirzah, which was the chief city of thenorthern kingdom in the early night century BC.
2
 
1
R. K. Harrison,
Introduction to the Old Testament
(WBEP, 1983),p.1049
2
 
Ibid
, pp.1050-51
 
SEMINARY PAPERSCentral India Theological Seminary
AUTHORSHIP
Traditionally, it was attributed to Solomon, due inpart to the title, the six other explicit references toSolomon (1:5; 3:7,9,11; 8:11,12), and the threereferences to an unnamed king (1:4,12;7:5 [6Masoretic Text])…. The case for Solomon’s authorshipis not definitive, but the case against it is equally farfrom being sure… Even some liberal scholarship isnow insisting that the book could have originated inthe Solomonic era.
3
 The Song of Songs is unique in its genre in the Old Testament.It is one of the most beautiful books of the Bible. The Song isthe amalgam of love-poems; an album of love. To limit itsmeaning to just allegorical, typological, or spiritual is notwhat the book was really intended for; to do that would beinjustice to the meaning the author intended. If the spiritualor allegorical was the meaning intended, the author wouldn’thave had a need to use such an expanded work of literarygenre to do that. He could have simply and directly statedthat. It should be noted that the book was read at thePassover. This practice may have developed later when theallegorical way of interpretation arose showing God’s love forHis beloved Israel in delivering her from Egypt. It issometimes also said, though I am not that sure of that, thatthe book was specially read at marriage ceremonies, and thatthose under the age of thirty were not permitted to read it;that would be perhaps because of the erotic nature of theSong; yet, in its purest sense, the Song is a song of pure loveof two lovers [Rabi Aqiba called it “the Holy of Holies”], and
3
Frank E. Gaebelein,
Expositor’s Bible Commentary, V.5
 (Zondervan, 1991), p. 1210
 
SEMINARY PAPERSCentral India Theological Seminarynot of lust and licentiousness. It is a picture of unselfish anddeep love between the two lovers; the longing, theadmiration, the dreams, and the imaginations of them.Owing to the nature of the Song compilation, or composition;the anomalistic arrangement; and the seeming variety of personal backgrounds, it seems appropriate for the Song tobe likened unto an album of love songs by various artists; sothat the authorship would not be accredited to only oneperson, though the work of compilation may be, but tovarious artists.
4
The meaning must be literal, though anallegorical may be made in the application.
SONG 2:1-6: AN EXEGESIS
NASV(1) “I am the rose of Sharon,The lily of the valleys.”(2) “Like a lily among the thorns,So is my darling among the maidens.”(3) “Like an apple tree among the trees of the forest,So is my beloved among the young men.In his shade I took great delight and sat down,And his fruit was sweet to my taste.(4) “He has brought me to his banquet hall,And his banner over me is love.(5) “Sustain me with raisin cakes,Refresh me with apples,Because I am lovesick.
4
It can also be accepted that one author had composed it all withvariety of description.

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