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MJC 2011 H2 Chem Paper 3 No ANSWERS

MJC 2011 H2 Chem Paper 3 No ANSWERS

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MJC 2011 H2 Chem Paper 3 No ANSWERS
MJC 2011 H2 Chem Paper 3 No ANSWERS

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Class Reg NumberCandidate Name
_____________________________ 
MERIDIAN JUNIOR COLLEGEPreliminary ExamHigher 2 ___________________________________________________________________ 
H2 Chemistry
 
9647/3
 
Paper 3 Free Response
12 September 20112 hours
Additional Materials: Data BookletWriting paper ___________________________________________________________________ 
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATESWrite your name, class and register number in the spaces provided at the topof this page.
Answer 4 out of 5 questions in this paper.
Begin each question on a fresh page of writing paper.Fasten the writing papers behind the given
Cover Page for
 
Questions 1 & 2
and
Cover Page for
 
Questions 3, 4 & 5
respectively.Hand in Questions 1 & 2 and 3, 4 & 5 separately.
You are advised to spend about 30 min per question only.INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or partquestion.You are reminded of the need for good English and clear presentation in youranswers. ___________________________________________________________________ 
This document consists of
13
printed pages
 
[Turn over
2
Answer any 4 out of 5 questions in this paper.
Begin each question on a 
fresh page 
of writing paper.
1(a)
Lattice energies are often used as a measure of the energetic stability of ioniccompounds. Usually ionic compounds with the same crystal structure can becompared based on the lattice energy value.Lattice energies need to be determined experimentally using thermochemicaldata. However based on electrostatic considerations (i.e. attraction andrepulsion of ions), theoretical values of the lattice energies can be calculatedusing equations such as the Kapustinskii equation:
++
+×××=
 z z H 
latt 
υ 
1.107
kJ mol
-1
 where
υ 
is the number of ions in the empirical formula
+
z z
,is the charge of the cation and anion respectively
+
,
is the ionic radius (in nm) of the cation and anion respectivelyThe table below shows the numerical values of lattice energies for a series ofmagnesium and other related compounds.
CompoundLiC
MgC
2
 MgBr
2
Mg
I
2
 MgOExperimentalvalue / kJ mol
-1
- 853 - 2526 - 2440 - 2327 - 3933
(i)
Define, with the aid of an equation, the lattice energy of magnesiumoxide.
(ii)
By quoting appropriate data from the
Data Booklet 
, explain why thelattice energies of the magnesium halides decrease from MgC
l
2
toMg
I
2
.
(iii)
By using appropriate data from the
Data Booklet 
, calculate thetheoretical lattice energy of magnesium chloride.
(iv)
The lithium and magnesium ion have similar ionic radii. Based on thisassumption, use the value calculated in
(a)(iii)
to estimate thetheoretical lattice energy of lithium chloride.
(v)
Explain the differences between the theoretical and experimentalvalues for lithium chloride and magnesium chloride respectively, andcomment whether the assumption made in
(a)(iv)
is a valid one.
[10]
 
 
[Turn over
3
(b)
Describe, and suggest an explanation for, the trend observed in the thermaldecomposition of nitrates of the Group
II
elements from magnesium tobarium. Write a general equation for the reaction that occurs on heating.
[3](c)
In an experiment, water is added to a test tube containing the solid remainingafter magnesium carbonate has been heated. Dilute sulfuric acid is thenadded to the test tube. The procedure is repeated to the solid remaining afterbarium carbonate has been heated.Describe and explain what you would see in both experiments.
[3](d)
The hexadentate ligand EDTA
4
forms a complex both with magnesium ionsand calcium ions. With a suitable indicator, this can be used to determine thetotal concentration of magnesium ions and calcium ions in a mixture.A sample of a mixture of anhydrous magnesium chloride and anhydrouscalcium chloride had a mass of 0.344 g and was dissolved in water to make100 cm
3
of solution. A 10 cm
3
portion of this solution required 33.3 cm
3
of0.010 mol dm
3
EDTA
4
for complete reaction.
(i)
Suggest the formulae of both complexes formed.
(ii)
Calculate the mass of the anhydrous magnesium chloride in themixture.
[4][Total: 20]

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