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Unit 1 The Pursuit of Happiness
Listening and Note Taking
Integrated Task 1
1. 20 2. residents 3. terms 4. labeled 5. formal
6. political 7. occupations 8. foreigners 9. chose 10. deny
Integrated Task 2

1. a low opinion of the benefits
2. intense commitment to their marriages
3. reluctance to divorce
4. report violence in their marriages.
5. be associated with important psychological benefits.

Listening and Discussing
Passage One
1. The correlation between income and happiness is surprisingly weak. (indeed, virtually
insignificant)

2. The second piece of pie, or the second $50,000, never tastes as good as the first. So as far as happiness is concerned, it hardly matters whether one drives a BMW or , like so many of the Scots, walks or rides a bus.

3. They are only slightly happier than average. Four in five of the 49 people responding to the survey agreed that \u201c Money can increase OR decrease happiness, depending on how it is used\u201d. And some were indeed unhappy.

4. Money could not undo misery caused by her children\u2019s problems.
5. Most people do not exhibit long-term emotional depression. Remarkably, most eventually
recover a near-normal level of day-to-day happiness.
Passage Two

1. People who are happy view the world as safer. They seem more cooperative, make decisions more easily, rate job applicants more favorably, and report greater satisfaction with their whole lives. People in gloomy mood may find life depressing.

2. Most admitted having considered suicide after their injury. About a year later, only 10 percent

of them rated their quality of life as poor; most described it as good or excellent.
3. They have adapted to the sad news.
4. They expected their lives would be denied by a negative decision. Actually, 5 to 10 years later,

those denied are not noticeably unhappier than those who were awarded tenure.
5. We often overestimate the long-term emotional impact of very bad news and underestimated
our capacity to adapt.
Listening
Short Conversations
1-5 CBCCD 6-10 BCDAA 11-15 BABBD 16-20 ADABD

Passage 1 1-5 DCBDB
Passage 2 6-10 BADDB
Passage 3 11-15 DBACD

Unit 2 My Teacher, My Salvation
Listening and Note-taking
Integrated Task 1
1. 54,000 2. 1975 3. tool 4. foresight 5. cost-effective
6. investment 7. business 8. best-seller 9 donated 10. $24 billion
Integrated Task 2

1. mathematical calculations on the blackboards.
2. had developed into mental disorder.
3. recovered from his mental disease.
4. games such as chess or poker.
5. dominant tool for analyzing economic.

Listening and Discussing
Passage 1
1. Einstein obtained his doctorate at the University of Zurich and evolved the special theory of
relativity during this period.

2. Because he was able to make preliminary predictions about how a ray of light from a distant star, passing near the Sun, would appear to be bent slightly, in the direction of the Sun. This would be highly significant, as it would lead to the first experimental evidence in favor of his theory.

3. For his work in theoretical physics, notably on the photoelectric effect, he was awarded the
1921 Nobel Prize in Physics.
4. The Nazi government deprived him of his property and his German citizenship.
5. In 1944, Einstein made a contribution to the war effort by hand writing his 1905 paper on
special relativity and putting it up for auction. It raised six million dollars.
Passage 2
1. Socrates
2. In the Academy, Plato taught mathematics and philosophy until his death.
3. Plato was always concerned with the fundamental philosophical problem of working out a

theory of the art of living and knowing.
4. Both of them were convinced of the ultimately harmonious structure of the universe.
5. His goal was to show the rational relationship between the soul, the state, and the cosmos.

Listening
Short Conversations
1-5 DCABA
6-10 CACDC 11-15 BDDCA 16-20 CADAB

Passage 1ABBCB Passage 2BDCCD Passage 3CDCBA

Unit 3 Human In the Amazon- A Long-Lost History Comes to Light
Listening and Note-Taking
Integrated Task 1
1. triumphed 2. standards 3. issued 4. reduction 5. business
6. costs 7. overseas 8. family farm 9 squeezing 10. conventional
Integrated Task 2

1. 10 times what the permit required
2. rather than every six months
3. a room for work to be done.
4. known or suspected to cause cancer
5. 5,116 of 6,332 major facilities

Listening and Discussing
Integrated Task
Passage 1
1. Because of the worst food crisis in Southern African, they have to eat wild leaves and pig
food.
2. Because much of American corn and soy is genetically modified .Zambia\u2019s president calls the
stuff \u201cpoison\u201d and refuses to import it.

3. Americans have eating GM foods for seven years, without detectable harm. And compared with the clear and immediate danger posed by starvation, the possibility of being poisoned by GM foods seems rather remote.

4. African countries such as Zambia earn much of their hard currency from agricultural exports
to rich countries. And their tastes matter enormously in Africa.

5. Tesco promises that there are no GM products in its own-brand food. It checks its suppliers to make sure they behave accordingly, and has samples of foods tested for traces of DNA that would indicate that some of the ingredients have been genetically modified.

Passage 2
1. It would push up fuel costs but help the country meet targets under the Kyoto Climate Change
Agreement.
2. Coal users would be big losers, whose costs would jump 19 percent.

3. They Kyoto Protocol requires developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by around 5 percent of 1990 levels on average between the first commitment periods of 2008- 2012.

4. The United States has refused to approve the protocol because it does not similarly bind
developing countries.
5. The United States, Australia, Canada and New Zealand.
Listening
Short Conversations
1-5 DCABD 6-10 CADAC 11-15 BBCBC 16-20 ABACC

Passage 1ABDAB Passage 2BACDB Passage 3BDCAB

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