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P. 1
Nuôi ba ba

Nuôi ba ba



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Published by api-3856053
kỹ thuật nuôi ba ba
kỹ thuật nuôi ba ba

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Published by: api-3856053 on Oct 19, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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K\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt nu\u00f4i ba ba
Ba ba l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1eadt thu\u1ed9c l\u1edbp b\u00f2 s\u00e1t, b\u1ed9 r\u00f9a, h\u1ecd ba ba
\u0110\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m sinh h\u1ecdc c\u1ee7a ba ba

Hi\u1ec3u bi\u1ebft \u0111\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m sinh h\u1ecdc c\u1ee7a ba ba l\u00e0 v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 c\u1ea7n thi\u1ebft \u0111\u1ec3 gi\u1ea3i quy\u1ebft v\u1ec1 k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt nu\u00f4i ba ba. D\u01b0\u1edbi \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng \u0111\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu m\u00e0 ng\u01b0\u1eddi nu\u00f4i ba ba c\u1ea7n bi\u1ebft;

1. C\u00e1ch ph\u00e2n bi\u1ec7t nhanh c\u00e1c lo\u00e0i ba ba

Ba ba l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1eadt thu\u1ed9c l\u1edbp b\u00f2 s\u00e1t, b\u1ed9 r\u00f9a, h\u1ecd ba ba Tryonychidae. Trong h\u1ecd ba ba c\u00f3 nhi\u1ec1u lo\u00e0i. C\u00e1c lo\u00e0i th\u01b0\u1eddng g\u1eb7p tr\u00ean th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng ba ba \u1edf n\u01b0\u1edbc ta c\u00f3 ba ba hoa, ba ba gai, l\u1eb9p su\u1ed1i v\u00e0 cua \u0111inh.

Ba ba hoa c\u00f2n g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 ba ba tr\u01a1n, ph\u00e2n b\u1ed1 t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu \u1edf c\u00e1c v\u00f9ng n\u01b0\u1edbc ng\u1ecdt
thu\u1ed9c \u0111\u1ed3ng b\u1eb1ng s\u00f4ng H\u1ed3ng.
Ba ba gai ph\u00e2n b\u1ed1 t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu \u1edf s\u00f4ng, su\u1ed1i, \u0111\u1ea7m h\u1ed3, mi\u1ec1n n\u00fai ph\u00eda B\u1eafc.
L\u1eb9p su\u1ed1i, c\u00f2n g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 ba ba su\u1ed1i, th\u1ea5y \u1edf c\u00e1c su\u1ed1i nh\u1ecf mi\u1ec1n n\u00fai ph\u00eda B\u1eafc, s\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng \u00edt
h\u01a1n ba ba gai, c\u1ee1 nh\u1ecf h\u01a1n hai lo\u00e0i ba ba tr\u00ean.

Cua \u0111inh, ph\u00e2n b\u1ed1 t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean \u1edf v\u00f9ng T\u00e2y Nguy\u00ean, \u0110\u00f4ng v\u00e0 T\u00e2y Nam b\u1ed9, d\u00e2n c\u00e1c t\u1ec9nh ph\u00eda B\u1eafc g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 ba ba Nam b\u1ed9, ba ba mi\u1ec1n Nam \u0111\u1ec3 ph\u00e2n bi\u1ec7t v\u1edbi c\u00e1c lo\u00e0i ba ba \u1edf ph\u00eda B\u1eafc.

V\u1ec1 t\u00ean khoa h\u1ecdc c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c lo\u00e0i ba ba tr\u00ean, m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 t\u00e0i li\u1ec7u ph\u00e2n lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u00e3 ghi: Ba ba hoa l\u00e0 Trionyx sinensis, ba ba gai l\u00e0 Tryonyx steinachderi, ba ba Nam b\u1ed9 l\u00e0 Trionyx cartilagineus. Ch\u00fang t\u00f4i ch\u01b0a c\u00f3 \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n \u0111i s\u00e2u v\u1ec1 vi\u1ec7c x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh t\u00ean khoa h\u1ecdc cho ba ba v\u00e0 c\u00e1ch ph\u00e2n lo\u1ea1i chi ti\u1ebft 4 lo\u00e0i ba ba tr\u00ean. D\u01b0\u1edbi \u0111\u00e2y ch\u1ec9 gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u c\u00e1ch ph\u00e2n bi\u1ec7t nhanh nh\u1ea5t, gi\u00fap cho nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi nu\u00f4i ba ba v\u00e0 ng\u01b0\u1eddi mua ba ba kh\u1ecfi nh\u1ea7m l\u1eabn.

C\u00e1ch ph\u00e2n bi\u1ec7t nhanh nh\u1ea5t l\u00e0 d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o m\u00e0u da b\u1ee5ng v\u00e0 hoa v\u00e2n tr\u00ean b\u1ee5ng.

Da b\u1ee5ng ba ba hoa l\u00fac nh\u1ecf m\u00e0u \u0111\u1ecf, khi l\u1edbn m\u00e0u \u0111\u1ecf nh\u1ea1t d\u1ea7n, khi \u0111\u1ea1t c\u1ee1 2 kg tr\u1edf l\u00ean g\u1ea7n nh\u01b0 m\u00e0u tr\u1eafng. Tr\u00ean n\u1ec1n da b\u1ee5ng \u0111i\u1ec3m kho\u1ea3ng tr\u00ean d\u01b0\u1edbi 10 ch\u1ea5m \u0111en to v\u00e0 \u0111\u1eadm, v\u1ecb tr\u00ed t\u1eebng ch\u1ea5m t\u01b0\u01a1ng \u0111\u1ed1i c\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ecbnh, c\u00e1c ch\u1ea5m \u0111en n\u00e0y loang to nh\u01b0ng nh\u1ea1t d\u1ea7n khi ba ba l\u1edbn \u0111\u1ea7n, khi \u0111\u1ea1t c\u1ee1 tr\u00ean 2 kg ph\u1ea3i quan s\u00e1t k\u1ef9 m\u1edbi th\u1ea5y r\u00f5.

Da b\u1ee5ng ba ba gai m\u00e0u x\u00e1m tr\u1eafng, tr\u00ean \u0111i\u1ec3m r\u1ea5t nhi\u1ec1u ch\u1ea5m \u0111en nh\u1ecf, l\u00e0m da b\u1ee5ng

c\u00f3 m\u00e0u x\u00e1m \u0111en l\u00fac nh\u1ecf v\u00e0 x\u00e1m tr\u1eafng l\u00fac l\u1edbn.
Ba ba su\u1ed1i da b\u1ee5ng m\u00e0u v\u00e0ng b\u00f3ng, kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 ch\u1ea5m \u0111en.
Ba ba Nam b\u1ed9 da b\u1ee5ng m\u00e0u tr\u1eafng, kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 ch\u1ea5m \u0111en.

Ngo\u00e0i da b\u1ee5ng, c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 c\u0103n c\u1ee9 v\u00e0o c\u00e1c n\u1ed1t s\u1ea7n tr\u00ean l\u01b0ng, tr\u00ean di\u1ec1m c\u1ed5, v\u00e0 tr\u00ean c\u1ed5
c\u1ee7a ba ba \u0111\u1ec3 ph\u00e2n bi\u1ec7t ch\u00fang.
2. T\u1eadp t\u00ednh sinh s\u1ed1ng c\u1ee7a ba ba:
Ba ba c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 t\u1eadp t\u00ednh sinh s\u1ed1ng \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t:
- Tuy l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1eadt s\u1ed1ng hoang d\u00e3, nh\u01b0ng r\u1ea5t d\u1ec5 nu\u00f4i trong ao, b\u1ec3 nh\u1ecf.

- S\u1ed1ng d\u01b0\u1edbi n\u01b0\u1edbc l\u00e0 ch\u00ednh, nh\u01b0ng c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 s\u1ed1ng tr\u00ean c\u1ea1n v\u00e0 c\u00f3 l\u00fac r\u1ea5t c\u1ea7n s\u1ed1ng tr\u00ean c\u1ea1n. Ba ba th\u1edf b\u1eb1ng ph\u1ed5i l\u00e0 ch\u00ednh n\u00ean th\u1ec9nh tho\u1ea3ng ph\u1ea3i nh\u00f4 l\u00ean m\u1eb7t n\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111\u1ec3 h\u00edt th\u1edf kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed. M\u00f9a \u0111\u00f4ng l\u1ea1nh, c\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111\u1ed9 h\u00f4 h\u1ea5p nh\u1ecf, ba ba c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 r\u00fat trong b\u00f9n \u1edf \u0111\u00e1y ao, d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o c\u01a1 quan h\u00f4 h\u1ea5p ph\u1ee5 trong c\u1ed5 h\u1ecdng \u0111\u1ec3 th\u1edf, c\u01a1 quan h\u00f4 h\u1ea5p ph\u1ee5 t\u1ef1a mang c\u00e1, ba ba l\u1ea5y oxy trong n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00e0 th\u1ea3i CO2 trong m\u00e1u v\u00e0o n\u01b0\u1edbc qua c\u01a1 quan n\u00e0y. Ba ba l\u00ean kh\u1ecfi m\u1eb7t n\u01b0\u1edbc khi c\u00f3 nhu c\u1ea7u di chuy\u1ec3n, \u0111\u1ebb tr\u1ee9ng, ph\u01a1i l\u01b0ng...

- V\u1eeba bi\u1ebft b\u01a1i, v\u1eeba bi\u1ebft b\u00f2, leo, bi\u1ebft v\u00f9i m\u00ecnh n\u1eb1m trong b\u00f9n c\u00e1t, \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u00e0o hang
tr\u00fa \u1ea9n, \u0111\u00e0o kho\u00e9t b\u1edd ao chui sang ao b\u00ean c\u1ea1nh.
Con ba ba

Ba ba nh\u00fat nh\u00e1t l\u1ea1i v\u1eeba hung d\u1eef. Ba ba th\u00edch s\u1ed1ng n\u01a1i y\u00ean t\u0129nh, \u00edt ti\u1ebfng \u1ed3n, k\u00edn \u0111\u00e1o. Khi th\u1ea5y c\u00f3 ti\u1ebfng \u0111\u1ed9ng m\u1ea1nh, c\u00f3 b\u00f3ng ng\u01b0\u1eddi hay b\u00f3ng s\u00fac v\u1eadt \u0111\u1ebfn g\u1ea7n, ch\u00fang l\u1eadp t\u1ee9c nh\u1ea3y xu\u1ed1ng n\u01b0\u1edbc l\u1ea9n tr\u1ed1n. T\u00ednh hung d\u1eef c\u1ee7a ba ba th\u1ec3 hi\u1ec7n \u1edf ch\u1ed7 hay c\u1eafn nhau r\u1ea5t \u0111au, con l\u1edbn hay c\u1eafn v\u00e0 \u0103n tranh m\u1ed3i c\u1ee7a con b\u00e9, b\u1ecb \u0111\u00f3i l\u00e2u c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0103n th\u1ecbt con b\u00e9. Khi c\u00f3 ng\u01b0\u1eddi ho\u1eb7c \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1eadt mu\u1ed1n b\u1eaft n\u00f3, n\u00f3 c\u00f3 ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng t\u1ef1 v\u1ec7 r\u1ea5t nhanh l\u00e0 v\u01b0\u01a1n c\u1ed5 d\u00e0i ra c\u1eafn.

3.T\u00ednh \u0103n:
Ba ba thu\u1ed9c lo\u00e0i \u0103n th\u1ee9c \u0103n \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1eadt.

Ngay sau khi n\u1edf m\u1ed9t v\u00e0i gi\u1edd, ba ba \u0111\u00e3 bi\u1ebft t\u00ecm m\u1ed3i \u0103n. Trong t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean th\u1ee9c \u0103n ch\u00ednh trong m\u1ea5y ng\u00e0y m\u1edbi n\u1edf l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1eadt ph\u00f9 du ( thu\u1ef7 tr\u1ea7n ), giun n\u01b0\u1edbc ( tr\u00f9ng ch\u1ec9 ) v\u00e0 giun \u0111\u1ea5t lo\u1ea1i nh\u1ecf. Khi l\u1edbn ba ba \u0103n c\u00e1, t\u00e9p, cua, \u1ed1c, giun \u0111\u1ea5t, trai, h\u1ebfn... Trong \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n nu\u00f4i d\u01b0\u1ee1ng, c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 cho ba ba \u0103n th\u00eam th\u1ecbt c\u1ee7a nhi\u1ec1u lo\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u1eadt r\u1ebb ti\u1ec1n kh\u00e1c, \u0111\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 hu\u1ea5n luy\u1ec7n cho ba ba bi\u1ebft \u0103n th\u1ee9c \u0103n ch\u1ebf bi\u1ebfn ( th\u1ee9c \u0103n c\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p) ngay t\u1eeb giai \u0111o\u1ea1n c\u00f2n nh\u1ecf.

4. Sinh tr\u01b0\u1edfng:

Ba ba hoa l\u00fac m\u1edbi n\u1edf c\u00f3 quy c\u1ee1 t\u1eeb 3-6g/ con; Ba ba gai v\u00e0 ba ba Nam b\u1ed9 c\u1ee1 l\u1edbn h\u01a1n. T\u1ed1c \u0111\u1ed9 l\u1edbn c\u1ee7a ba ba ph\u1ee5 thu\u1ed9c v\u00e0o lo\u00e0i, k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt nu\u00f4i v\u00e0 \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng nu\u00f4i. T\u1eeb c\u1ee1 gi\u1ed1ng 100-200g/con, sau khi nu\u00f4i 6-8 th\u00e1ng, ba ba hoa c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ea1t c\u1ee1 0,5-0,8kg/con \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi mi\u1ec1n B\u1eafc; t\u1eeb 0,8 \u2013 1kg/ con \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi mi\u1ec1n Nam. Ba ba gai nu\u00f4i c\u00f3 t\u1ed1c \u0111\u1ed9 l\u1edbn nhanh g\u1ea5p \u0111\u00f4i ho\u1eb7c tr\u00ean g\u1ea5p \u0111\u00f4i ba ba hoa. (C\u00f3 h\u00ecnh: trang17)

5. Sinh s\u1ea3n:
Ba ba hoa c\u1ee1 0,5kg m\u1edbi b\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u \u0111\u1ebb tr\u1ee9ng l\u1ea7n \u0111\u1ea7u, tu\u1ed5i t\u01b0\u01a1ng \u1ee9ng l\u00e0 2 n\u0103m. Ba ba
gai c\u1ee1 2 kg tr\u1edf l\u00ean m\u1edbi b\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u \u0111\u1ebb tr\u1ee9ng. Tr\u1ee9ng ba ba th\u1ee5 tinh trong.

Ba ba s\u1ed1ng d\u01b0\u1edbi n\u01b0\u1edbc, nh\u01b0ng \u0111\u1ebb tr\u1ee9ng tr\u00ean c\u1ea1n. \u0110\u1ebfn m\u00f9a \u0111\u1ebb, th\u01b0\u1eddng l\u00e0 v\u00e0o m\u00f9a m\u01b0a, ba ba ban \u0111\u00eam b\u00f2 l\u00ean b\u1edd s\u00f4ng, b\u1edd ao, h\u1ed3 t\u00ecm ch\u1ed7 k\u00edn \u0111\u00e1o, c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ea5t c\u00e1t \u1ea9m v\u00e0 t\u01a1i x\u1ed1p b\u1edbi t\u1ed5 \u0111\u1ebb tr\u1ee9ng. \u0111\u1ebb xong ch\u00fang d\u00f9ng 2 ch\u00e2n tr\u01b0\u1edbc c\u00e0o \u0111\u1ea5t l\u1eafp k\u00edn tr\u1ee9ng, d\u00f9ng b\u1ee5ng xoa nh\u1eb5n m\u1eb7t \u0111\u1ea5t \u1ed5 tr\u1ee9ng r\u1ed3i xu\u1ed1ng n\u01b0\u1edbc sinh s\u1ed1ng, kh\u00f4ng bi\u1ebft \u1ea5p tr\u1ee9ng. tr\u1ee9ng n\u1eb1m trong \u1ed5, tr\u1ea3i qua m\u01b0a n\u1eafng v\u00e0 c\u00e1c \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n kh\u00f4ng thu\u1eadn l\u1ee3i v\u1ec1 d\u1ecbch h\u1ea1i, sau 50-60 ng\u00e0y n\u1edf th\u00e0nh ba ba con, \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n \u1ea5p t\u1ef1 nhi\u00ean n\u00e0y t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 n\u1edf r\u1ea5t th\u1ea5p. Trong \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n nu\u00f4i, con ng\u01b0\u1eddi c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 t\u1ea1o ch\u1ed7 cho ba ba \u0111\u1ebb thu\u1eadn l\u1ee3i h\u01a1n v\u00e0 c\u00f3 nhi\u1ec1u ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u00e1p \u1ea5p tr\u1ee9ng \u0111\u1ea3m b\u1ea3o t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 n\u1edf cao tr\u00ean d\u01b0\u1edbi 90%.

Tr\u1ee9ng ba ba ph\u1ea7n l\u1edbn h\u00ecnh tr\u00f2n nh\u01b0 h\u00f2n bi, m\u00e0u tr\u1eafng.
Ba ba c\u00e0ng l\u1edbn \u0111\u1ebb tr\u1ee9ng c\u00e0ng to v\u00e0 c\u00e0ng nhi\u1ec1u.

Ba ba hoa c\u1ee1 kho\u1ea3ng 500g \u0111\u1ebb 1 l\u1ee9a t\u1eeb 4-6 tr\u1ee9ng, \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng k\u00ednh tr\u1ee9ng t\u1eeb 17-19mm, tr\u1ecdng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng 3-4g/qu\u1ea3. Ba ba hoa c\u1ee1 1-1,5kg m\u1ed7i l\u1ee9a \u0111\u1ebb t\u1eeb 8-15 tr\u1ee9ng, \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng k\u00ednh tr\u1ee9ng 20-23mm, tr\u1ecdng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng 4-7g; ba ba c\u1ee1 2-3kg c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ebb 20-30 tr\u1ee9ng m\u1ed9t l\u1ee9a. Tr\u1ee9ng ba ba gai l\u1edbn h\u01a1n tr\u1ee9ng ba ba hoa. Ba ba Nam b\u1ed9 c\u1ee1 4-4,5kg/con, \u0111\u1ebb tr\u1ee9ng n\u1eb7ng t\u1eeb 20-25g/qu\u1ea3.

Ba ba c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ebb t\u1eeb 2-5 l\u1ee9a trong 1 n\u0103m, ba ba c\u00e1i c\u00e0ng l\u1edbn, ch\u1ebf \u0111\u1ed9 nu\u00f4i v\u1ed7 cho \u0103n
c\u00e0ng t\u1ed1t \u0111\u1ebb c\u00e0ng nhi\u1ec1u l\u1ee9a, m\u1ed7i l\u1ee9a c\u00e1ch nhau t\u1eeb 25-30 ng\u00e0y.

T\u1ea1i c\u00e1c t\u1ec9nh ph\u00eda B\u1eafc, m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 gia \u0111\u00ecnh c\u00f3 s\u1ed5 ghi ch\u00e9p theo d\u00f5i, b\u00ecnh qu\u00e2n c\u1ea3 \u0111\u00e0n ba ba nu\u00f4i trong ao 1 n\u0103m \u0111\u1ebb 3, 5 l\u1ee9a, s\u1ed1 tr\u1ee9ng ba ba \u0111\u1ebb thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1eeb 40-55 qu\u1ea3 tr\u00ean 1kg ba ba c\u00e1i c\u1ee1 t\u1eeb 1-1,5kg.

6. T\u00ednh th\u1eddi v\u1ee5 r\u1ea5t r\u00f5 r\u1ec7t gi\u1eefa 2 v\u00f9ng:

Ba ba hoa nu\u00f4i \u1edf c\u00e1c t\u1ec9nh ph\u00eda B\u1eafc: m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 con \u0111\u1ebb s\u1edbm v\u00e0o cu\u1ed1i th\u00e1ng 3 ho\u1eb7c \u0111\u1ea7u th\u00e1ng 4 ( d\u01b0\u01a1ng l\u1ecbch ), \u0111\u1ebb r\u1ed9 trong c\u00e1c th\u00e1ng 5,6,7 sau \u0111\u00f3 \u0111\u1ebb r\u1ea3i r\u00e1c ti\u1ebfp c\u00e1c th\u00e1ng 8,9,10, cu\u1ed1i th\u00e1ng 10 l\u00e0 k\u1ebft th\u00fac v\u1ee5 \u0111\u1ebb.

Th\u1eddi v\u1ee5 nu\u00f4i b\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u v\u00e0o cu\u1ed1i th\u00e1ng 3 \u0111\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ea7u th\u00e1ng 12. T\u1eeb gi\u1eefa th\u00e1ng 12 \u0111\u1ebfn h\u1ebft

th\u00e1ng 2 th\u1eddi ti\u1ebft l\u1ea1nh nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 n\u01b0\u1edbc d\u01b0\u1edbi 180C, c\u00f3 khi d\u01b0\u1edbi 150C ba ba kh\u00f4ng \u0103n v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng
l\u1edbn. C\u00e1c th\u00e1ng ba ba sinh tr\u01b0\u1edfng nhanh nh\u1ea5t l\u00e0 t\u1eeb th\u00e1ng 5 \u0111\u1ebfn th\u00e1ng 10.
Ba ba hoa nu\u00f4i \u1edf c\u00e1c t\u1ec9nh mi\u1ec1n Trung v\u00e0 ph\u00eda Nam: h\u1ea7u nh\u01b0 \u0103n m\u1ed3i quanh n\u0103m, sinh
tr\u01b0\u1edfng li\u00ean t\u1ee5c v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ebb quanh n\u0103m, do kh\u00ed h\u1eadu \u1ea5m \u00e1p quanh n\u0103m kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 m\u00f9a \u0111\u00f4ng l\u1ea1nh
nh\u01b0 c\u00e1c t\u1ec9nh ph\u00eda B\u1eafc. Trong v\u00f9ng n\u00e0y, nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 n\u01b0\u1edbc c\u00e1c ao nu\u00f4i ba ba trong n\u0103m dao
\u0111\u1ed9ng ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu trong ph\u1ea1m vi t\u1eeb 24-32oC, \u00edt khi d\u01b0\u1edbi 22oC ho\u1eb7c tr\u00ean 33oC. Nh\u1eefng n\u01a1i c\u00f3
\u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n c\u1ea5p n\u01b0\u1edbc t\u1ed1t c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 kh\u1ed1ng ch\u1ebf \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 n\u01b0\u1edbc trong ph\u1ea1m vi th\u00edch h\u1ee3p nh\u1ea5t
t\u1eeb 26-30oC.

Theo Khuy\u1ebfn Ng\u01b0 Ki\u00ean Giang
Nu\u00f4i ba ba th\u1ecbt
Ba ba th\u1ecbt c\u00f2n g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 ba ba th\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u1ea9m...

Ba ba th\u1ecbt c\u00f2n g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 ba ba th\u01b0\u01a1ng ph\u1ea9m, quy c\u1ee1 xu\u1ea5t b\u00e1n t\u1eeb
0,4kg tr\u1edf l\u00ean, ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu t\u1eeb 0,5-0,8kg/con. Hi\u1ec7n th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng
trong n\u01b0\u1edbc nhu c\u1ea7u c\u00f2n \u00edt, s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m nu\u00f4i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu \u0111\u1ec3
xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u. M\u00f9a ti\u00eau th\u1ee5 r\u1ea3i r\u00e1c quanh n\u0103m, nh\u01b0ng t\u1eadp trung
ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu v\u00e0o c\u00e1c th\u00e1ng cu\u1ed1i n\u0103m.

Mu\u1ed1n nu\u00f4i ba ba th\u1ecbt l\u1edbn nhanh, t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 s\u1ed1ng cao, l\u00e3i nhi\u1ec1u, c\u1ea7n th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n t\u1ed1t c\u00e1c bi\u1ec7n ph\u00e1p
k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt sau:
a) Tr\u01b0\u1edbc khi th\u1ea3 gi\u1ed1ng c\u1ea7n chu\u1ea9n b\u1ecb ao b\u1ec3 nu\u00f4i \u0111\u1ea3m b\u1ea3o ch\u1ea5t n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00e0 ch\u1ea5t \u0111\u00e1y s\u1ea1ch.

b) C\u1ea7n th\u1ea3 gi\u1ed1ng s\u1edbm \u0111\u1ec3 tranh th\u1ee7 nu\u00f4i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u1ebft c\u00e1c th\u00e1ng c\u00f3 nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 sinh tr\u01b0\u1edfng th\u00edch h\u1ee3p nh\u1ea5t. C\u00e1c t\u1ec9nh ph\u00eda B\u1eafc th\u1ea3 t\u1eeb th\u00e1ng 3, th\u00e1ng 4, c\u00e1c t\u1ec9nh ph\u00eda Nam th\u1ea3 t\u1eeb th\u00e1ng 1, th\u00e1ng 2 nu\u00f4i \u0111\u1ebfn cu\u1ed1i n\u0103m thu ho\u1ea1ch.

c) C\u1ee1 gi\u1ed1ng th\u1ea3 t\u1eeb 100-200g/con. Trong m\u1ed9t ao th\u1ea3 c\u00f9ng c\u1ee1 ch\u1ecdn ba ba gi\u1ed1ng kho\u1ebb
m\u1ea1nh, kh\u00f4ng mang m\u1ea7m b\u1ec7nh. Ng\u01b0\u1eddi mua ba ba \u0111\u1ec3 nu\u00f4i n\u00ean t\u00ecm hi\u1ec3u k\u1ef9, mua t\u1eeb c\u00e1c c\u01a1
s\u1edf d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5 gi\u1ed1ng \u0111\u00e1ng tin c\u1eady.

d) M\u1eadt \u0111\u1ed9 nu\u00f4i t\u1eeb 1-5 con/m2, t\u1ed1i \u0111a 1kg/m2. \u0110i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n thay n\u01b0\u1edbc ch\u1ee7 \u0111\u1ed9ng, kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng c\u1ea5p th\u1ee9c \u0103n tho\u00e3 m\u00e3n, nu\u00f4i m\u1eadt \u0111\u1ed9 cao; \u0110i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n kh\u00f3 thay n\u01b0\u1edbc, kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng \u0111\u1ea7u t\u1eeb v\u1ec1 gi\u1ed1ng c\u00f3 h\u1ea1n, kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n cho \u0103n h\u00e0ng ng\u00e0y.... nu\u00f4i m\u1eadt \u0111\u1ed9 th\u01b0a.

e) Cho \u0103n, qu\u1ea3n l\u00fd ch\u0103m s\u00f3c v\u00e0 ph\u00f2ng b\u1ec7nh t\u1ed1t, sau 8-

10 th\u00e1ng nu\u00f4i, ba ba th\u1ecbt c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ea1t quy c\u1ee1 0,6-1,2kg/con, t\u1ef7
l\u1ec7 s\u1ed1ng 90-100%. Nhi\u1ec1u c\u01a1 s\u1edf nu\u00f4i \u1edf ph\u00eda Nam nu\u00f4i l\u1edbn nhanh h\u01a1n \u1edf ph\u00eda B\u1eafc, m\u1ee9c t\u0103ng
tr\u1ecdng trung b\u00ecnh m\u1ed7i con c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ea1t 100g /th\u00e1ng. \u1ede c\u00e1c t\u1ec9nh ph\u00eda B\u1eafc, m\u1ee9c t\u0103ng tr\u1ecdng \u0111\u00e0n
(t\u1ed5ng tr\u1ecdng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng ba ba th\u1ecbt khi thu/t\u1ed5ng tr\u1ecdng l\u01b0\u1ee3ng ba ba gi\u1ed1ng khi th\u1ea3 ) sau m\u1ed9t v\u1ee5
nu\u00f4i ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u0111\u1ea1t th\u1ea5p t\u1eeb 2-3 l\u1ea7n, ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u0111\u1ea1t cao t\u1eeb 4-5 l\u1ea7n.

Theo Khuy\u1ebfn Ng\u01b0 Ki\u00ean Giang
K\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt nu\u00f4i Ba ba th\u1ecbt
Ba ba c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 nu\u00f4i trong b\u1ec3 x\u00e2y hay ao \u0111\u1ea5t.

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