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3 Vacuum Basic Concepts

3 Vacuum Basic Concepts

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Published by: api-3856548 on Oct 19, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Vacuum Techniques
Dr. G. Mirjalili, Physics Dept. Yazd University
Basic vacuum concepts
Dr. G. Mirjalili, Physics Dept. Yazd University
Vapor Pressure
\u2022Terminology:

\u2013Evaporation: when a liquid becomes a gas
\u2013Sublimation: when a solid becomes a gas
\u2013Vapor: the gas produced when a liquid or solid is

evaporated
\u2013Condensation: when the vapor becomes a liquid
or solid again (condensed phases)
\u2013Equilibrium: the state of any system in which
opposing forces balance each other
\u2013Volatile: liquids that are easily vaporized - have
high vapor pressure
Dr. G. Mirjalili, Physics Dept. Yazd University
Vapor Pressure
\u2022Evaporation occurs when:
\u2013thetem p era tu re of the material is increased, OR
\u2013thepre s sure at the surface of the material is decreased
\u2022Vapor Pressure: the pressure at which a liquid or
solid becomes a vapor at a given temperature
\u2013what happens to the vapor pressure as the temperature is
decreased?

\u2022Outgassing: when a material in its condensed phase
becomes a vapor in a vacuum system at low
pressure.

\u2013Extremely small quantities of water, solvents, or fingerprints left in a chamber can outgas and increase the time it takes to pump a system down.

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