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General Elections and Referendum Law (2001)

General Elections and Referendum Law (2001)

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Published by Yemen Exposed

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Published by: Yemen Exposed on Nov 22, 2011
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General Elections and Referendum Law
 THE GENERAL ELECTIONS AND REFERENDUM (2001) OF THE REPUBLICOF YEMENPart OneOperational Definitions & Voting RightsSection OneDefinition of TermsArticle (1): This Law shall be called the General Elections &Referendum Law.Article (2): For the purpose of this Law, the following words andexpressions shall have the following meanings unlessthe context dictates otherwise:(a) Republic: The Republic of Yemen;(b) Citizen: Every Yemeni national (male or female);(c) Voter: Every citizen entitled to vote in any general elections and/or referendum inaccordance with the Constitution and the provisions of this Law;(d) Voting domicile: The usual place of residence of a person or the place where thisperson has his/her main business or the place of residence of his/her family even if the said person does not live in such a place;(e) General elections: The direct means for people to exercise their right to elect thePresident of the Republic and to designate their representatives in Parliament and/orLocal Councils through direct and free elections and by means of secret balloting;(f) Supreme Committee: The Elections and Referendum Supreme Committee;(g) Supreme Committee’s General Secretariat: The Administrative, Financial &Technical Apparatus of the Supreme Committee;
(h) Branch Offices of the General Secretariat: All administrative units formed by theSupreme Committee in the Capital City Municipality and at the centers of otherGovernorates to undertake administrative tasks and responsibilities in accordancewith the provisions of this Law and its Executive Order;(i) Voter Registers’ Committees: The Main Committee and the Branch Committeesin charge of establishing the registers featuring the names and particulars of voters.This includes reviewing and making copies of the said registers all in accordancewith provisions of this Law;(j) Supervisory Committees: The committees formed by the Supreme Committee ineach Governorate in order to supervise the work of other elections subcommittees;(k) Election Committees: The Main Committee and Subcommittees formed by theSupreme Committee for the sole purpose of administering the whole electionsprocesses including balloting, vote-counting and declaration of results at eachconstituency level;(l) First Sub-committee: The core committee at any electoral center. The samecommittee also acts as the main committee at district electoral levels;(m) Constituency: An area which is part of the electoral districts of the Republicwhere citizens exercise their right to vote in accordance with the Constitution and theprovisions of this Law and other applicable laws;(n) Electoral Center: A sub-division at the constituency level where eligible votersexercise their right to vote in any general elections and/or referendum;(o) Electoral District: The core electoral units which constitute an electoral centerwithin any given constituency. Voter Registers at electoral district levels shall bedeemed official registers for local, parliamentary and presidential elections and/orpublic referenda;(p) Electoral final register: The officially announced lists of eligible voters. Theselists are final and irrevocable;(q) Balloting: The direct means for voters to express their opinion(s) in any generalelections and/or referendum;(r) General referendum: The direct means to solicit public opinion about any subjectand/or issue through a general referendum to be called upon by the President inaccordance with the provisions of the Constitution;(s) Proportionate majority: The relative majority of valid votes in any generalelections;
(t) Absolute majority: More than half the number of votes in any general elections;(u) By-laws: All Executive Orders linked up to this Law;(v) Supplementary elections: Complementary elections conducted in one or moreelectoral center(s) at any constituency level where the results of the general electionsare declared null or where elections are prematurely terminated;(w) By-elections: A special election to replace a politician who has left Parliament orthe Local Council as a result of resignation, death and/or appointment to a publicofficeother than the Council of Ministers.Part One: Section TwoVoting RightsArticle (3): All citizens who have attained (18) complete calendar years are entitledto vote except naturalized persons who have not completed the cool-off periodrequired by Law following naturalization.Article (4):(a) All voters exercise their voting rights in the constituency they have their domicileaddress. If a person has more than one domicile address, s/he shall be required todecide the domicile where s/he wishes to vote. In any event, no person may beallowed to register in more than one electoral center. A voter may only be allowed toexercise his/her right to vote in the electoral center in which s/he is registered.(b) A voter may have the right to change his/her domicile address and opt for anotherone within the options available for each voter in accordance with the provisions of this Law. In such instances, a voter shall be required to submit an application to thiseffect to the applicable election committee within whose jurisdiction the newdomicile address falls. The Voter Registration Card shall be attached to the saidapplication. Following this, the election committee referred to above shall berequired to enter the voter’s name into its registers providing that all legalrequirements are fulfilled. Accordingly, the Supreme Committee shall be informedand shall be required to relay such information, in due course, to the applicableelection committee within whose jurisdiction the former domicile address falls. Thecommittee shall then be required to delete the said voter’s name from its registersbefore the publication of the Final Voters’ Register in accordance with the provisionsof Article (13) of this Law. No committee shall have the right to register any voter onrelocation grounds before a lapse of at least (6) months following the submission of an application for registration.(c) All election committees shall be required to forward to the Supreme Committee

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