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Table Of Contents

TRANSFORMER WINDINGS
TRANSFORMER TANK
TRANSFORMERS FITTINGS & ACCESSORIES
Standard Fittings
TERMINAL ARRANGEMENT
OPTIONAL FITTINGS
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF FITTINGS & ACCESSORIES :
STANDARD FITTINGS
(a) Rating and Terminal marking plate :-
(b) Tap changing arrangement :-
i) Off - circuit tap changing switch :--
II) Off – circuit tap changing links :
III) On – Load tap changer :
c) Earthing Terminals :
d) Lifting Lugs :
e) Valves and drain plugs:
I) Valves
II) Drain Plugs
f) Silicagel dehydrating breather :
g) Oil Level indicator :
h) Thermometer Pockets :
I) Conservator with drain plug and filling hole :
J) Air release plug
K) Jacking lugs:
L) Rollers
a) Bare bushing :
i) Draw through bushing (oil flood type) :--
ii) Solid Bushing (through stem type)
B) Cable sealing boxes
i) Cable \sealing boxes for PILC cable compound filled :--
ii) Cable sealing box for PVC cable – air filled :-
C) Bus Duct
D) Disconnecting Chamber
E) C.T. Terminals
F) Bare Connection
a) Winding temperature Indicator
c) Gas and oil actuated Buchholz relay
Magnetic Oil Gauge
Explosion Vent
Skid under base
Junction Box
Packing
INSPECTION
UNLOADING
STORAGE
Precautions
Location and Foundation :
Erection of transformer :
Sequence of erection :
Details of erection :
e) Silicagel Dehydrating breather :
f) Explosion vent
Bare Bushing (Draw through type)
Erection of bushing :--
Changing of insulator in case of failure
Bushing (through stem type)
Erection of bushing
Cable Box Terminal
Topping up of transformer oil
Detachable Radiators
Temperature Indicator
Marshalling Box
Off Circuit Switch
PRE TEST INSPECTION
Alarm Trip
TEST
Ratio, Polarity and phase relationship
Insulation Resistance
Magnetizing Current
Magnetic balance test
Alarm Circuits Tests
Oil Sampling Test
COMMISSIONING
Tools Required
Transformer Oil
Precautions :
Testing
(a) Crackle test
(b) Electric Strength
1. General :
(a) Moisture :
(b) Oxygen :
(c) Solid impurities :
(d) Varnishes :
(e) Effects of slackness of windings:
2. Maintenance Procedure :
(b) Core and Winding :
(c) Off circuit tap switch :
(d) Conservator :
(e) Oil gauges :
(f) Silicagel dehydrating breather :
(g) Buchhloz relay :
(h) Explosion vent :
(i) Gasket :
(j) Pipe Work
(k) Temperature Indicators
(L) Paint work :
(M) Unmaking and tanking details :
General :
(A) Untanking the core and windings of transformer with off circuit switch:
(B) Untanking of core and windings of transformer with OLTC
DRYING OF TRANSFORMER :
Method of drying out
Precautions during drying out :
Quality
A. Routine tests
B. Type Tests
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Transformer Basics

Transformer Basics

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Published by: api-3708733 on Oct 19, 2008
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