the G re e k\u03c4\u03ac\u03be\u03b9\u03c2,taxis, 'order' +\u03bd\u03cc\u03bc\u03bf\u03c2,n omos, 'law' or 'science'. Taxonomies, or taxonomic schemes, are composed of taxonomic units known astaxa (singulartaxon), or kinds of things that are arranged frequently in a
Originally the term taxonomy referred to the classifying of living organisms like cats(now known as alpha taxonomy); however, the term is now applied in a wider, more general sense and now may refer to aclassifi cation of things, as well as to the p rinciples underlying such a classification.
Almost anything \u2014 animate objects, inanimate objects, places, concepts, events, properties, and relationships \u2014 may be classified according to some taxonomic scheme.
The term taxonomy may also apply to relationship schemes other than parent- child hierarchies, such as network structures with other types of relationships. taxonomies may include single children with multi-parents, for example, "Car" might appear with both parents "Vehicle" and "Steel Mechanisms"; to some however, this merely means that 'car' is a part of several different taxonomies.
A taxonomy might also be a simple organization of kinds of things into groups, or even an alphabetical list. However, the term vocabulary is more appropriate for such a list. In current usage within "Knowledge Management", taxonomies are seen as less broad thanontologies as ontologies apply a larger variety of relation types.
this structure is a single classification, the root node, that applies to all objects. Nodes below this root are more specific classifications that apply to subsets of the total set of classified objects. So for instance, in common schemes of
embedded in local cultural and social systems, and serve various social functions. Perhaps the most well-known and influential study of folk taxonomies is \u00c9mile Durkheim's The Elementary Forms of Religious Life.
In phylogenetic taxonomy (or cladistic taxonomy), organisms can be classified by cl a d e s, which are based on evolutionary grouping by ancestral traits. By using clades as the criteria for separation, cladistic taxonomy, using
In numerical taxonomy ortaximetrics, the field of solving or best-fitting of numerical equations that characterize all measurable quantities of a set of objects is called cluster analysis.
The phrase "enterprise taxonomy" is used in business to describe a very limited form of taxonomy used only within one organization. An example would be a certain method of classifying trees as "Type A", "Type B" and "Type C" used only by a certain lumber company for categorising log shipments.
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