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The 8th Habit by Stephen Covey

The 8th Habit by Stephen Covey



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The 8th Habit
From E\ufb00ectiveness To Greatness
by Stephen Covey
The Author

STEPHEN COVEY is cofounder and vice chairman of FranklinCovey, a global professional services firm. Acknowledged by Time Magazine as one of the 25 most influential Americans, Dr. Covey is the author of seven books including The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, First Things First and Principle-Centered Leadership. Dr. Covey holds an undergraduate degree from the University of Utah, an MBA from Harvard and a Doctorate from Brigham Young University. He is the recipient of a large number of awards and recently founded the Covey Leadership Center.

Executive Book Summaries
Main Idea

The 8th habit of highly effective people is: \u201cFind your voice and inspire others to do likewise\u201d. This latest habit is not an add-on to the original seven habits, but represents another dimension of effectiveness which will enhance the performance of each of the other seven habits.

The 7 Habits of Highly E\ufb00ective People
1. Be proactive

2. Begin with the end in mind
3. Put first things first
4. Think win/win

5. Seek first to understand... Then to be understood
6. Synergise
7. Sharpen the saw

The 8th Habit \u2013 Find your voice...and inspire others to do likewise
Find your voice
1. Discover your own voice
2. Express your voice
Inspire others to find their voices
1. Expand your influence
1. Align goals and systems
2. Be trustworthy

2. Empower others
3. Build trust
4. Blend other\u2019s voices
5. Create a common vision

A. Find Your Voice
Pages 2 \u2013 3

To \ufb01 nd your voice means to engage in work that genuinely taps your talents and fuels your passion. It means to do something signi\ufb01cant with your career \u2013 to sense an unmet need and then to fully harness all your talents and passion to meet that need. To \ufb01 nd your voice means to take the path to greatness rather than settling for mediocrity.

B. Inspire Others To Find Their Voices
Pages 4 \u2013 8

Once you\u2019ve found your own voice, the way you can continue to increase your feelings of achievement is by helping others to find their own unique voices as well. Most likely, this will be done through an organisation of some kind because most of the world\u2019s work is done by organisations rather than by individuals. To inspire others means to recognise, respect and create meaningful opportunities for others to express their voices. The word inspire is derived from the Latin inspirare which literally means to breath life into another. This is exactly what you do when you encourage and positively influence others within your own organisation to find their voices.

\u00a9 2005 Copyright Sound Ideas
The 8th Habit \u2013 Page 2
A. Find your voice
1 Discover your own voice

To find your voice means to engage in work that genuinely taps your talents and fuels your passion. It means to do something significant with your career \u2013 to sense an unmet need and then to fully harness all your talents and passion to meet that need. To find your voice means to take the path to greatness rather than settling for mediocrity.

One of the most frustrating things for the majority of people is the fact they rarely have the opportunity to realise a life of greatness and contribution. Instead, people spend the majority of their careers operating at a much lower level. They are aware of the tremendous challenges and problems which exist, but most people have not developed the internal power nor the moral authority to become a force in solving those problems.

To address this challenge, you need to find your own voice. When this happens, a fire will light inside you which will fuel tremendous drive and commitment. To be able to actually find your voice, however, you first need to understand a simple way of thinking about life.

A whole person has four basic components:
1. A physical body.

2. A mind capable of independent thought and analysis.
3. A heart which can feel emotion.
4. A spirit \u2013 your soul or philosophical center.

Each of these components has a corresponding basic need or

1. Physical body \u2013 \u201cTo live\u201d.
2. Mind \u2013 \u201cTo learn\u201d.
3. Heart \u2013 \u201cTo love\u201d.
4. Spirit \u2013 \u201cTo leave a legacy\u201d.

The highest manifestations of these capacities are:
1. Physical body \u2013 Discipline
2. Mind \u2013 Vision
3. Heart \u2013 Passion
4. Spirit \u2013 Conscience

As you begin to understand, respect and ultimately balance these highest manifestations for yourself, synergy is created. You become energised as you begin to understand what you\u2019re actually capable of achieving. When you engage in work that taps your talents and fuels your passions, and which fills the need your conscience has drawn you towards, you find your voice. This is often described as \u201cfinding your true calling in life\u201d or \u201cunlocking your soul\u2019s code\u201d.

The human voice is unique and signi\ufb01 cant because it lies at the

intersection of your own unique:
1.Ta l e nt s \u2013 your natural gifts and strengths.
2.Pa s s ion \u2013 those things that excite and enthuse you.

3.Ne e d s \u2013 the necessity that you earn a living by providing what
people are willing to pay for.
4.C on sc i e nc e \u2013 that still, small internal voice or compass which
con\ufb01rms what is right and when you\u2019re doing it.

The challenge of life is to discover your own quite unique voice, which will lie in the potential that was bequeathed to you at birth. When you discover that, no longer will you feel like a victim of your circumstances. Instead, you\u2019ll be in a position of power to move forward with confidence into the future.

\u201cAll children are born geniuses; 9,999 out o\ue001 every 10,000 are swi\ue001tly,
inadvertently degeniusized by grownups.\u201d
\u2013 Buckminster Fuller

\u201cI have \ue001ound that by making \ue001our simple assumptions in our lives we can immediately begin leading a more balanced, integrated, power\ue001ul li\ue001e. They are simple \u2013 one \ue001or each part o\ue001 our nature \u2013 but I promise you that i\ue001 you do them consistently, you will \ue001ind a new wellspring o\ue001 strength and integrity to draw on when you need it most.

1. For the body \u2013 assume you\u2019ve had a heart attack; now live
2. For the mind \u2013 assume the hal\ue001-li\ue001e o\ue001 your pro\ue001ession is two
years; now prepare accordingly.
3. For the heart \u2013 assume everything you say about another, they
can overhear; now speak accordingly.
4. For the spirit \u2013 assume you have a one-on-one visit with your
Creator every quarter; now live accordingly.\u201d
\u2013 Stephen Covey
\u201cThere are a thousand hacking at the branches o\ue001 evil to one who is
striking at the root.\u201d
\u2013 Henry David T oreau
Whole Person


Basic Needs
Key Attributes

\u201cTo Live\u201d
\u201cTo Learn\u201d
\u201cTo Love\u201d

\u201cTo Leave a Legacy\u201d


The 8th Habit \u2013 Page 3
2 Express your voice

All of history\u2019s greatest achievers have only one thing in common. Through long-term effort and intensive inner struggle, they have greatly expanded their talents, passions, needs and conscience. By doing this, they have enhanced the power of their voices, thereby increasing their influence and reach.

Similarly, in order to express your voice more decisively and distinctively, you need to work at building your capacities in each of these four dimensions:

1.Vi sion \u2013 being able to see a future state in your mind\u2019s eye before it materialises in the \ufb02 esh. Vision is simply applied imagination, as most things are created mentally before being brought into physical reality. Great leaders see the untapped potential in their people, and inspire them to move towards realising that potential. In comparable fashion, to express your voice more powerfully, you need to cultivate the habit of looking for the good in people and a\ufb03rming that. As you communicate to the people around you, your belief in them and their future, you\u2019ll bring out the best in them.

2.D i sc ipline \u2013 which is e\ufb00ectively willpower embodied.

Discipline is needed to actually make things happen. To be disciplined means to accept reality, become totally immersed in the facts and then move forward from there. Without exception, successful people are disciplined enough to do what has to be done rather than what would be expedient or easy to do. Or put another way, discipline in practical terms usually means forgoing immediate pleasure in anticipation of a far greater future payo\ufb00.

3.Pa ssion \u2013 the unrelenting drive which comes from the heart. People with passion are motivational to be with because they believe the best way to predict the future is to take part in shaping it. In\ufb02 uential people are passionate about what they do because they have found their purpose and role in the world, their mission in life. When people are passionate about what they do, they don\u2019t require any supervision to get things done. Their \ufb01 re and motivation comes from within rather than being imposed from without.

4.Con science \u2013 your moral sense of what\u2019s right and what\u2019s wrong. Every religion and every culture of the world has an accepted set of values which dictates a sense of fairness and the concepts of honesty, respect and contribution. Conscience encourages people to sacri\ufb01 ce something good in order to obtain something even better. Ego may suggest that the end justi\ufb01 es the means, but conscience will tell us a worthy end can never be accomplished with an unworthy means. Conscience transforms passion into compassion and allows us to build relationships of trust with other people. In

short, people who live by their conscience will have inner
integrity and peace of mind.

If you apply these four dimensions to any role that you carry out in life, you can and will \ufb01 nd your voice in that role. The key is to be able to answer four questions in the a\ufb03rmative in each of the primary roles of your life:

1. What need do I sense in my family, in my community or in the
organisation I work for?
2. What talent do I possess which, if properly disciplined and
applied, would meet that speci\ufb01c need?
3. Does the opportunity to meet that need tap into the things
I feel most passionate about?
4. Does my conscience allow me to take action in this way and
become intensively involved?
\u201cWhen you can give yoursel\ue001 to work that brings together a need, your
talent, and your passion, power will be unlocked.\u201d
\u2013 Stephen Covey

\u201cConscience o\ue001ten provides the why, vision identi\ue001ies what you\u2019re trying to accomplish, discipline represents how you\u2019re going to accomplish it, and passion represents the strength o\ue001 \ue001eelings behind the why, the what and the how.\u201d

\u2013 Stephen Covey
\u201cWisdom denotes the pursuing o\ue001 the best ends by the best means.\u201d
\u2013 Frances Hutcheson

\u201cThe best leaders operate in \ue001our dimensions: vision, reality, ethics and courage. These are the \ue001our intelligences, the \ue001our \ue001orms o\ue001 perceiving, the languages \ue001or communicating that are required to achieve meaning\ue001ul, sustained results. The visionary leader thinks big, thinks new, thinks ahead \u2013 and most important, is in touch with the deep structure o\ue001 human consciousness and creative potential. You must gain control over the patterns that govern your mind: your world view, your belie\ue001s about what you deserve and about what\u2019s possible. That\u2019s the zone o\ue001 \ue001undamental change, strength, and energy \u2013 and the true meaning o\ue001 courage.\u201d

\u2013 Peter Koestenbaum

\u201cFrom now on, the key is knowledge. The world is not becoming labor intensive, nor materials intensive, nor energy intensive, but knowledge intensive.\u201d

\u2013 Peter Drucker

\u201cMost ailing organisations have developed a \ue001unctional blindness to their own de\ue001ects. They are not su\ue001\ue001ering because they cannot resolve their problems but because they cannot see their problems.\u201d

\u2013 John Gardiner

\u201cI am no longer a young man \ue001illed with energy and vitality. I\u2019m given to meditation and prayer. I would enjoy sitting in a rocker, listening to so\ue001t music, and contemplating the things o\ue001 the universe. But such activity o\ue001\ue001ers no challenge and makes no contribution. I wish to be up and doing. I wish to \ue001ace each day with resolution and purpose. I wish to use every waking hour to give encouragement, to bless those whose burdens are heavy, to build \ue001aith and the strength o\ue001 testimony. It is the presence o\ue001 wonder\ue001ul people which stimulates the adrenaline. It is the look o\ue001 love in their eyes which gives me energy.\u201d

\u2013 Gordon Hinckley, age ninety-two
\u201cThere is nothing so power\ue001ul as an idea whose time has come.\u201d
\u2013 Victor Hugo
Your Voice

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