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ISEB Foundation Chapter2

ISEB Foundation Chapter2

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03/18/2014

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Chapter2:
Testing throughout Lifecycle

"What is clear from the Inquiry Team's investigations is that neither the Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) system itself, nor its users, were ready for full implementation on 26th October 1992. The CAD software was not complete, not properly tuned, and not fully tested. The resilience of the hardware under a full load had not been tested. The fall back option to the second file server had certainly not been tested."

Extract from the main conclusions of the official report into the failure of the London
Ambulance Service's Computer Systems on October 26th and 27th 1992.
2.1 OVERVIEW

This module covers all of the different testing activities that take place throughout the project lifecycle. We introduce various models for testing, discuss the economics of testing and then describe in detail component, integration, system and acceptance testing. We conclude with a brief look at maintenance testing.

After completing this module you will:
2.2 OBJECTIVES
\ue000Understand the difference between verification and validation testing
activities

\ue000Understand what benefits the V model offers over other models.
\ue000Be aware of other models in order to compare and contrast.
\ue000Understand the cost of fixing faults increases as you move the product

towards live use.
\ue000Understand what constitutes a master test plan.
\ue000Understand the meaning of each testing stage.
1
2.3 Models for Testing

This section will discuss various models for testing. Definitions of these models will differ however the fundamental principles are agreed on by experts and practitioners alike. We cover verification and validation (V & V), the V-Model and briefly discuss a Rapid Application Development (RAD) approach to testing.

2.3.1 Verification and validation (V&V)

Verification is defined by B87925 as the process of evaluating a system or component to determine whether the products of the given development phase satisfy the conditions imposed at the start of that phase.

Validation is defined by B87925 as determination of the correctness of the products of
software development with respect to the user needs and requirements.
2
Exercise
Validation and Verification
Complete the definition of testing:________________________________________
Testing is defined by BS7925 as the process of exercising software to that it satisfies
specified requirements and to____________________________________________
In simpler terms, verification answers the question "have we built the product right",

i.e. is it correct and free from errors, does it meet the specification whereas
Validation asks the question" is this the right product?" have the users got what they
wanted. To help you remember this use the following:

Verification
Is it error free, does it do what was specified?
Validation
Is it valid, is this what you really, really want?
3

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