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Table Of Contents

Chapter 1. Taxonomy
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Description of the genus Garcinia
1.3 Description of species
1.3.1 The mangosteen Garcinia mangostana L
Figure 1-1. Leaves and branch arrangment in mangosteen
Figure 1-2. Fruits and flowers in mangosteen
1.3.2 Description of other locally important minor fruitGarcinia species
1.4 Key to the important Asian species of
Chapter 2. Origin and Distribution
2.1 Origin of mangosteen
G. mangostana G. malaccensis G. hombroniana
2.1.2 Distribution of wild relatives of mangosteen in Malaysia
2.2 Spread of cultivation of mangosteen
2.2.1 Constraints to the spread of mangosteen
2.3 Distribution of Garcinia species
2.3.1 Asian species
Figure 2-1. Distribution map of mangosteen and wild species in Asia
2.3.2 African species
Figure 2-2. Species distribution through West, Central and East Africa
Chapter 3. Major and Minor Production Areas
3.1 Major production areas
3.1.1 Mangosteen production in Malaysia
Figure 3-4. Percentage of mangosteen stand in Peninsular Malaysia by age
Table 3-8. Production seasons of mangosteen in Malaysia
3.1.2 Mangosteen production in Thailand
3.1.3 Mangosteen production in Indonesia
3.1.4 Mangosteen production in the Philippines
Figure 3-8. Mangosteen hectarage in Philippines, 1994-98
Table 3-16. Export of mangosteen by the Philippines, 1994-98
3.2 Minor production areas
3.2.1 Mangosteen production in Australia
Table 3-17. Mangosteen availability in the wet tropics of Queensland
3.2.2 Mangosteen production in other countries
Chapter 4. Ecology
4.1 Climate
4.1.1 Water
4.1.2 Temperature
4.1.3 Light
4.2 Soils
Chapter 5. Propoerties
Chapter 5. Properties
5.1 Pulp (aril)
5.1.1 Flavour
5.2 Seeds
5.3 Wood
Chapter 6. Uses
6.1 Food uses of fruits
6.1.1 Processing of fruits
6.1.2 Other food uses
6.2 Medicinal uses
6.2.1 Traditional preparations
6.3 Resins
6.4 Tannins and other uses
6.5 Wood
Chapter 7. Genetic Resources
7.1 Current genetic resources activities
7.1.1 Recent research on variation in mangosteen
7.1.2 Variation in African G. livingstonei
7.1.3 Variation in other wild species
7.2 Strategic plan for genetic conservation
7.2.1 Storage of germplasm
Chapter 8. Breeding and Improvement
8.2 Recent developments
8.2.1 Mutation breeding
8.2.2 Hybridisation
8.2.3 Patterns of genetic diversity
8.3 Other methods of improvement
8.1 Constraints to breeding
Chapter 9. Agronomy
9.1 Seedling establishment
9.1.1 Seed and seed germination
9.1.2 Other seed pre-treatments
9.1.3 Seedling growth
Table 9-2. The shoot-to-root ratio of mangosteen seedlings up to 24 months
9.2 Vegetative propagation
9.2.1 Rootstocks
9.2.2 Cleft grafting
Figure 9-2. Cleft grafting in mangosteen
9.3 Tissue culture
Plate 5. Mangosteen leaves attacked by leaf miners (MARDI)
9.3.1 Leaf explants
9.3.2 Seed explants
9.3.3 Regulation of bud regeneration
9.3.4 Multiplication of plantlets in vitro
9.3.5 Further work
9.4 Establishment in the field
9.4.1 Land preparation for orchards
9.4.2 Transplanting
9.4.2.1 Spacing
9.4.2.2 Time of planting
9.4.2.3 Weeding new plantings
9.5 Management of orchards
9.5.1 Pruning
9.5.2 Fertilisers
9.5.3 Irrigation
Figure 9-3. Steps required to induce flowering in mangosteen in Thailand
9.7 Pest and diseases
9.7.1 Pests
Table 9-9. Major pests and diseases of mangosteen and their control
10.1 Fruit maturation
10.2 Harvesting Methods
10.2.1 Maturity index
10.2.2 Malaysia
Table 10-1. Mangosteen colour indices developed by MARDI
Table 10-2. Mangosteen maturity indices developed in Malaysia
10.2.3 Australia
Table 10-3. Harvesting maturity indices used by growers in Australia
10.2.4 Thailand
Table 10-4. Mangosteen colour stages
Table 10-5. Mangosteen maturity indices developed in Thailand
10.3 Yield
10.4 Postharvest handling
10.4.1 Packing house operations
10.5 Storage
Table 10-8. Recommendations for maintaining postharvest quality
Chapter 11. Processing
11.1 Freezing of whole mangosteen
11.2 Semi-individual quick frozen fruit (Semi-IQF)
11.3 Canning of fruit
11.4 Intermediate moisture mangosteen fruit
11.5 Other processed products of mangosteen
Chapter 12. Economics and Marketing
Table 12-1. Returns from mangosteen plantings in Sri Lanka
12.1 Economics of production
12.1.1 Development costs
Table 12-3. Estimated capital costs for a 10 ha mangosteen farm
12.1.2 Operating and maintenance costs
12.1.3 Crop production costs
Table 12-5. Crop production costs (in USD) from year 0 to 4 for 10 ha
12.1.4 Cash-flow analysis
Table 12-6. Summary of financial analysis at 10% discount rate
12.2 Marketing
12.2.1 Domestic and regional marketing
Figure 12-1. Per capita consumption of mangosteen in Malaysia
12.2.2 International marketing
Chapter13. Conclusion and Future Impacts
13.1 Potential
13.2 Constraints to commercial cultivation
13.3 Research gaps and needs
13.3.1 Varietal improvement
13.3.2 Taxonomic status
13.3.3 Propagation and nursery management
13.3.4 Orchard establishment
13.3.5 Fertilizer application
13.3.6 Irrigation
13.3.7 Post-harvest handling
13.3.8 Economics and Marketing
References
Appendix B. Institutions with Garcinia mangostana germplasm collections
Glossary
Index
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Mangos Teen Monograph

Mangos Teen Monograph

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