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TM 31-210 (Improvised Munitions Handbook)

TM 31-210 (Improvised Munitions Handbook)

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01/26/2013

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P·O'OR
MAN'S
JAMES
BO'ND
Vol.
2282
.
,
.
IMPROV"'SEDMU'NIT'IONS
.
,
-
HA-N-'D'.B'.
-"O'.
K"
i,.
I':."",.....",..'.",,"
."--.'-:"':.,.>-..'-'.''';.'
IND'E'X
TM
31-210
Launcher,
fire
bottle
73
g.r,e'n.ade,.
70.
7'7
re,coi.l.1·ess
,63.
rope,g.renade148
.s.hotgun,
grenade6·5,
.'a
t
SlX
mmmor
t.a
rproJect.11e
81
Mine,mortar,scrap27
N,.
t,.
i!I
d9"
l.
ra.cac~'."-
Pistol,pipe,.45
cal.
52
9
mm.
36
Plastic
explosive
filler5
Potassium
nitrate
6
Primer,
reusable,50
Propellan.t.,
.redor
whit.e
powder'
16
Reco.illes
launc.her63
-a
d1
6
cale,
ImproV1se-
.~4·~
Shape·dcharqe,
coke·
bottle
30
cylindrical
cavity
33
Shotgun
I
12guag'e40
S,·hotshel.l
dispersion
c·on.trol
4
S'wi,tch,
a.l
t.ime'ter
141
clot'he,spin133
flexible
p
l
at;e
137'
knife145
metal
ball139
mous'·e,-·,t-
r:-a-::-'p-'
13··'5--
..
.
.
.'
~
'.
..
.
-.
.
..
pUl.1-1oop
.l43
Time
delay"
canli'quid124
dried
.seed
116
gr'ena,de122
longterm129
shortterm126
watc'h
112Ar.mor
m..
ateri:als160Ba'tte'ry.ahor
t;
las·ting
1,54
J
twohour
157
Car·bin.e,7,.6.2mm·46
Cartridge,rifle61
Con~charge.winebottle23Dust
explosions
12
Explos,ions;;
dust12
~~.~.14-
Fe'rt~11zerexplosl.ve--',
Fire
bottle,
chemical84,mechanically
~nitiated
88
Fuse·
cor-d
s,f,as;t
burning118
slow
burni~g'119
Gelled.:f'lame
fuels,alc'ohol-lye
94,
alcobol-soap96
bLood102
egg
97
Lat.ex99
lye
93
'wax
101
Generator,automobile152
bicycle150
Gren.ade,
nail
21
pipe
19
tincanland
mi.ne
25
Gun,match
55
Igni
t
ez,fuse.,from
boox
matches.1'08
.fro.m
boo
kmatches86
Igniter_
delay,
cigarette
110
from
boo'kmatches,'
B6.
fuse,
from
book
matches108
noflash.fuse
114
Incendiary.acid
delay
104Initiator.
electric'btiib
106
for
duat;exp'l.os
Lorra
12
 
POORMAN
I)
,SJAl'iESBQ,N:DVol.2
28,3
I'MPRQV'ISEDMUNITIONS
special
warfa'rework.,
'Tbl,sM.n~•
.l
~~des
m,et'hodsfor
",bricatlq
eJqlloeives.,
det,onators~
'p~l.'Dts.~
aba:~~,~~'hargeB.
amall
&'rm8"
moPtars
rt-
inoendiari'el.:
,de1.,.:8,
,8mtc'l\e••
,;amJ
Stmner
item,s'from
mdip,-
,
'
BOllS
materials,
'
...
~
-
FOR,
O'F
FI'C,lA,LUSEON'L.Y
2~Safetyand
,ReB,abOI,ty
EachItem.
wa~
evaluatedboththeoretically'
a:nd,
expe~rbnentallyto
8.8sur'e's,I;'fetyand
rellab1'llty,~Alarge
number
('i,f
Itema
w'ere
discarded,
becauseofiJQte,reItt
hazards
or
,UQnlia
ble
perfo'rmance..
Safety'
waminga,
I..
arepromiDently
inse'rted"La
tbeprocedures
where
they
apply
but
it
18
em.phasiz,ed_
hat.
,safeity
,'L8
a'matterof
g,UJ;tude
t
'It
i,a
a
proven
factthat
meD
who
,are
aledt.
who
·think
outsituation..
and
who
tak,e
correct
pre-
.I
cautioDs
nave,
fewer
accldSnts
than,
the
careless
and
tl.ndUlerent~,
It
is
"
,-
"
_'...
~
'-,
,
'
:lmportaDt
that'work
be'
plail_d'
and,that
instructions
be
'followed
to
the
-".,-"•'p.
"-.
letter'~allwork
a'b,quld,
be
done
1D.
aneatand
G,rderl,.
'manner.
In
the,
_I..\.
r
man.ufactUre,
'e-J.,)Io81v~S,~
det~t'Qra
t
'propellants,
and
"incendiaries,
eqtl!ipm,eDt
must,
be
kept,
clean
Q.Dd,
sueh
ene'rgy
concentrations
88,
sparks"
,b
.
,
,
IM'PR
DVI:S,E
D':MUNITIONS
HANDBOIOK
TJ\,BL,E,OF
C,ONTENTS
Sec
t
ion
tEL2-
±L&
I'
EXPL,OS'IVESANDP,ROP,ELLANTS
(Inc
luding
tanite'
l'S)
-
f
rietlan
timpa:ct.
t
hot
ob]eets,
h
arne
t
C
hemteal
reacti
OnB"
and
exc
es'_
,
s
i
C
P'TC,S"S
ure
should
be
it
voided~
These
item
is
'werefoundtobeeffective'inmest
envi
renmen
ts;
however
t
samplesshouldbe
madeand
tested,'remotely
prior'
to
actual
use
of'
ass
ure
prope'r
perlcn"mance.
Chemicalitem,sshouldbeusedass,oonaspossibleafter
prepa:ra
tion
and
ks'pt
free
or
'm,ois'tllte~
dirt~,and
the
abovee:nergy
coneenrratien
is~
Special
care
s
hould
be
taken.
.inanyaHem
pt
,at
substttuttenor
use
0"
item
sfor
purposes
other
than
that
spec-
i
i,ed
or
't
ntended,
5
s.
C'I
i,on,~,No.,
l
PLASTIC,EX,PLOStVE
FTL'LER,
Manufa.,ct,ured
t
p'rec'ision
devices
almostalwayswiU,be
'more,e,ffec.....
I..
Spr'iI:
ad
p'Qt.a,_
"'iul11
e
h
~or-.te
;1
L"'
live'.
more'relia.ble,
and
eltsler
J.o,
use
than
i,mp'rovi~ed,
ODeI,
but
sbel
r
e
ry.
ta...
tD'ion1y
Oft..
ha.rd'.
urea
C
e~
I,tem:!
'wnl
just,
not
be'
aY,allable
for
certain
operations
for
8ectiri:ty
'or
Rollth.,
'r'Q~Qd.,ticit
ove
t
'c
ry'.
tal.
'to
C
,"\,;I,
!I
h
Intoa
v'e,r
y
ilnepowd
e
r
iogt.st1,catrea50ns~
Tne'reforethe
ope'rator
will
ba.ve'
to
re."1y'
OR
mate-
1
Un
ti
1
t
look
Ii
li
e'
f
&c
i!:
p,owde
1"'
1I).t'
rial
I,
he,can
bu)t
1ft_
drug
orpaint
store
t!
find,
in
,It
junk
pU,e,
orscrouDl-e
whe
a.t
(lou
t,~
'from
mUttary:a'too,"~Also.
mMl,fof
the'
ingredlents
andmaterials.
us,ed
Ia
fahrteatmg
hl~,e'made
itemsa'reso
co:m'moppl9,ce
or
bul,OCUOOB
they
can
De'
earried
'wlt'haut
aroos.ing
8uspicion~,
Thecompletediteml"t.self
oftenis'more
eas,Uyconcealed
orcamouf1aged~
In
additj,ooll!
the
:Held
expedientite'mcanbe,
taU,ored
for
the
intended
'mrp't..
thereby'
PTG-
viding
an
advantageov'e'rthe
standElrditem,
in
flexibil.ity
a.ndvel's
atDity
,t
1:1:'MINES.AJ\iD
CRENA,DES
01SMALL
AR,MS
WEAPON'S,
AND
AMMUNITION
IVMORTARSANDR'OCKETS'VINCENDIARY
,DEVICES
'VI,FUS,ES,~
D'ETONATORS
Ie
D,E,LAYM,ECH,AN[S,MS
VI_I;"
MIS"'C'
E"L'
LA"'N:
~O:
U'S"
,"_......~.J:....-.-,'
FRANKFORDARSENAL
Philadelphia
'Penn.ylvani.a,
),
INTROO-UCTION
In
Unconventional
Warfa're,
OperattODS
it
maybe
imjpo.ss,ible
or'
WI,--
wbJ.ietous
e'c<JIn~,e'ntional
m:lill
ta
ry
'muniti,ioU:
astools
in
the:
conduct
of'
certa1nm,issions:~
It
may
be
neces,sar:r
':Insteadt,o
fabri,c&te
the·
reqUiT,eeI
num.iti;ons
fr'o'm
locally
avaUabl.e
o'r
unaes'urtting'
mate~t.aJs~
The
pur-'
pose
o,'f
thisM:anual
is
to
in,crte,asethe
potential
of
'SpecialPoreea
and
guEl'rrillatr,oops
by'
desertbin.g
in
detail
the
manufacture
-o,{
munitionsfrom
8ee'm,ingly
innocuous
locally
availablemate,rials..
The,Manualcontains
simpleexplanations,,and,
,iJ.lustrations
to
pennit
constructii,OD,
of'the
items
by
personnel
notnormallY
(amllia'rwith
malt.iog
,andhandlingmuni
tions~These
item,s
w'ere
conceiv'ed
fn...
house
or",ob...
'.tabled
from
other
publlc.ationscr
persokDe~
engapd
in
mUDltions
,or
A
p.I....
he
explo.
live
fi
llel'
car;,
b,e
n.....
de
frot'n
pot•••
'him
c'hl-or..
t
III;:
.and
pet
T,o,leum
Jell""
Tbil
ex'p~ollve'C
I.n
be
aeton,l.t'ed
wUn
C'OMmC'
'r'~
':l,.l"8
OT'
a.ny
mUtta,r.,b
~.,Ih:nl
t
lP""~TE~IAL
RE'QUIRE,D
H:OWUSED
-
.--
.~
1\'ted,icInl':
,ManuIactul'e
of
mah;,'h",
I
Petrolp,'um
,je
Ily
(Va,.
e
line'
I
M'edicin,.
Lub'r.c&nt
,
~
WI
id:.~
b
o.W)
.0..
o,therc;
M,t
alner
f
<I
r
m,br'in
Iiftl
ted
i
'n,t".'"
~
Z.P~~
e
'9
p&
rt.,
,o-.d.,.r.d
pot.,
,!-
I
hun.
'~hloi",.,t.
~d
1
p.:rt
p.,tf",O'~
1.'\im
Je'll.y
m
&,
wtd.'b
ow'lo'r
I
im'l...
,I~
~.,'eont'.l:n,er,.
M"lx
bLl,r',ed.'I.atl!'
with'hu.d.,
Om
.:,a,d
l'W\
Ill..'
un,if
0
I'
m
p,••
te
"'!IIi
,obt,.
in.
d..Store'
,"lI['plo:li.
v
e
b1,..
'wa:terU;:l"aof
con'
t~·',",'.
·l·
loo.-
d'.,
,..r'',..
linerun,diJ"ea
,y
tou.'e..
 
d.irt.
ftoori
Ea'rithfrom'
old
'burial
~dI"
,
,
,
"
.
,
Decayed
I,tone~O'r
mOrtar
buildl,.'
foundaUoDl
,T'otBlly
'bu.!'aed
whitllh'~,4."Place
bucket
over,shall,OW"
..'.r"...
,',a,allip"de~
"eontai~e'r.
Bucket
may
be
sup-
T~1Y
bumed'pa,pft"fblack)'
ported
onat,tc'its
if
neee'alary.
POQ,R
MAN'IS
JAMESBON'DVo
L,
2
Section
I
6
No..2
'POTA,SS,)'UM
NJ'TRA't'E
Pot.t.ssiumnitrate(saltpeter)
CD
be
extracted
:fr"om
many
natural,
lourcesande~an
be'
llled
tomakealtri,c
add.
blackpowder
aDd
'1ftIfty
P1rotec;hnli'e~8,.
The
yield
ranp8
from"1to
10~
by
.'eight.
depending
Oft
the
f:ertU,lty
o,fthe
80il.
MATE'RIALS
Nitrate'
'beari.ng
eartho~other
material:J
about,
1./2pllons
t
13,-1/2
liters,),
;SOURCE
SoUcontaining
old,
decayed
v'eptable
,or'
a'Dimal'
matter
Old
cellars
and/orfarm
Flne
wood
a.s'hes,.about
.1./2
cu,P
(1/8liter)
Bu'C'utorsi
milar
contalne:r;tabout,
5
pllons
(191ite'rs)
in-volume
(Pla.tic.~
metaJ
I
or
wood)
2
pieces
of
nnel,y
woven
,cloth,.
each
sliptly
largerthan
bottom
,of'
bucke,t
Shallow
panor
dish~
at
least
,as
largeas
bottom
of
bucket
Sballow
he'at
Te,sistant
contain.er
(c,e'ralllIe
I
me'tal
t
etc..'),
W,lter-1-3/4
pllo,ns(.6-3/4
liters')
Awl.
knife
'I
s
c'rewdri
ve'r"
or
oth.er
'b.oleproduc,illl'instrument
Alcoholabout
1
,pilon(4
liter,s)'whiskey
I
rUbbingalcoD,()I.
etc..)
Heat:source,(tire
o
ele,ct'ric
heater.
et':4)
Pa,pe'r'
'Tape
NOTE:Onlytheratios
of
the
a,mounts
0"
ingredien,ta,
are
important.
Thus:.fortwiceas
much
potassium
nitrate~
double
QuanUUesused.
7'
f'ROC[,DURE:
,L
Punchholes
i,n
bottomof
bueket,
Spr,ead
one
piece
or.
clothover
Cloth
Botto'bl
,of
bucket
Oloth
:2.
Place
wood
ashesoncloth
aodsp'l",ead,
to
makealaY8'r'aboul
'the
thickness,ofthe
c'Jo,th.,
Pla,co
sIC,o,lkIpiece
of
cloth
OD
top
of
,alhe,s"WoodA,shes
Clot,h
284
Place
d.lrt
10
'bucket~
IMPRO,VISEDMUNITIONS
'Wood
Bucke,t
8
5.,BoUwaterandpour
it,
overearthinbucketaUttleata'time..
,Allow
'wate'rtorun
'thro'ulhhole's
i,D
buc,ket
lnto
shallow
conta:iDer.
Besurew,a:tergoes
thr'ough
!!I
,olft,he
earth.
Allow
dra.i
ned
liqtdd
to
cool
andsettlefor'
1
to
2,
hours"
N'OTE:Do
notpourall
of'the
w,llter
atonce.si.nee
this'
may
Q'8USe
,stoppage,~
6.,Carefully,
dralnofi
liquidintoheatrea;iatant
container.
Olsc:l\rd
anYIludge
rema,ini,q
i,n
bottom
of
the
sbaU,ow
,container..l'•Boilmixture,over
hot.
fir'ef'oratleast
2:
.hours,t
S:mall
gr,atns,of
lalt
willbegin,
to
appear
in
thesolu-
tiOD.
Scoopthe'seout
as
'theyform.
u'Bi,ng
tmy
type
ofIMprised,strainer
(paper.
,ate.).
Imp,rOyised
Strainer
Heat,
'Resistant
.....
-~
,8..Whenliquidhasboiled
downto
a,pproxima:te.ly
'half
,tts,,origiJUll
vol-
wn,e,remove'fTom
fire
and
letsU..
After
half
,anbouraddanequalvol-'
uma,of
alcohOl.
Whenm1Xtb.re
is
poured'
'tDr:ough
paper.
sm8J.1
'wM,te
crystals
will
eoU,e~ct
on-
top
of
it.
8,.
To
pun:f,.
Ute
pot8:~'iUDl
'~trahr;re-desolve
tb:e
,dly
C'l",'sta1~
:In
1t'he
a~U
t
po,s.lbleamauato'rboll,eeI
water.Remove
anysalt
crystal,s
'~t
ap,pear
{Sh:p
1};
pour
through
an
hnprovlsedfllter
madeof
se.veral
pi,e~e8
of.
,paper
a:nd.
evaporate
or
geDtly
heatthe
concentrated
IO]U'tlOD,
,I_
d'l"ill'1l'!li;e"I'
1rU
~-'.:I--~;-'",-.
10.SpreadcrystalsonOat
,surfaceand.
aU,O'N
te
dry.
The
potu
slum'
,nlt,rate
crystals,
are
now
r,eacif
ro~'ue.

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