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DBA

DBA

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Published by: api-3858537 on Oct 19, 2008
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03/18/2014

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*****************
licensing models:
*****************

there are 2 types of licensing models with the sql server.they are the process and
client access license(cal)
-the processor model is a descendant of the internet connector license and allows
you to have unlimited connections for each processor that is licensed.
-the cal model lets you license the client(not the server)and each connection.
-once we purchase the license then we can access any number of instances making it
the least expensive method of licensing for a small to medium environment
-when installing multiple instance of the sql server on the same machine in the
cal modelyou may have the license each instance seperately.
-if u are running enterprise edition you will not need additional server licenses
and we can install upto 16 instances per server and remain supported my microsoft.

there are 2 types of licensing modes
1)processor licensing--in this there will will access to server for only one
system and from that system there will be access to various systems and
2)per seat licensing--in this there will access to different systems that are
present

different components of sql 2000:
1)database engine
2)analysis services
3)english queries

different components of sql 2005:
1)database engine
2)analysis services
3)integration servies
4)notification services
5)reporting services

sql 2000 features:
1)log shipping
2)replication
3)supports clustering for a database
4)supports full text search
5)dts(etl tool)

sql 2005 features:
1)peer to peer
2)online indexing
3)partial meal restore
4)database mirroring
5)database snapshots
6)supports clustering with analysis services
7)table partioning

tools that get installed when we install sql 2000
1)enterprise manager
2)query analyzer
3)client n/w utility
4)server n/w utility
5)dts import/export
6)services configuration manager

7)xml native support
8)books online

tools that get installed when we install sql 2005
1)sql management studio
2)sac(surface area configuration) tool
3)sql reporting service configuration tool
4)sql bt studio
5)books online
6)sql configuration manager

different versions available on sql

sql 2000 editions:
1)enterprise edition
2)standard edition
3)developer edition
4)personal edition
5)windows edition

sql 2005 editions:
1)enterpise edition
2)standard edition
3)developer edition
4)work group edition
5)express edition

-usually for a very big server enterprise edition in sql 2000 is used and
enterprise edition supports data mirroring in sql 2005
-usually sql 2005 is used with the enterprise edition, standard edition and the
work group edition.

software requirements:
-windows 2000 and windows 2003 server as os
-sql 2005 works better for enterprise edition with a windows 2003 server os
-by default sql server can support untill 3gb and if need to increase the space we
need to enable awe and boot.ini and increase the capacity to 32gb

hardware requirements:
-for sql 2000 we need a minimum free space of 180 mb for installing
-ram of 120 mb for 2000 and 512 mb for 2005

-the latest service pack for sql 2000 is sp4
-the latest service pack for sql 2005 is sp2
-the latest service pack for windows 2000 is sp4
-the latest service pack for windows 2003 is sp1

instance:
the term instance is typically used to describe a complete database environment,
including the rdbms software, table structure, stored procedures and other
functionality. it is most commonly used when administrators describe multiple
instances of the same database.
there are 2 types of instances
1)default instance
2)named instance

sql server 2000 supports 1 default instance and 15 named instances
sql server 2005 supports 1 default instance and 49 named instances
sql 7.0 supports 1 default instance and no named instances
by default sql server listens to port no 1433

default system databases:
1)master --- master database has all the system tables and it has 50 default
tables
2)model
3)tempdb and
4)msdb

default user databases
1)northwind and
2)pubs

when we install sql 2000 we get 2 agents that gets installed
1)mssql server
2)sql server agent and
3)msdtc (distribution transtion co-ordinator)

current activity gives about all the current logs and current blogs that are done
on the server

data base maintainence plans:
-these are plans that are to be scheduled in order to maintain the database by
taking the backups,see how the server is working and different times and check the
internal allocation plans
-sql server 2000 is capable of dynamic memory management
-for named instance we will be using the host name/instance name and for default
name we will be using the host name

use master
go
select@@version it will be giving the connection to the master database

select@@instance name will give the instance name
********************
creating a database:
********************

syntax:
use master
go
create database nag
on
(name='nag_data',filename='c:\sqldata\nag_data.mdf')
log on
(name='nag_log',filename='d:\sqllog\nag_log.ldf')
go

as soon as the database is created we will have to execute the stored procedure
exec sp_changeddbowner 'sa'
m-master database has 50 system tables out of which 19 also exists in user
databases.
-in order to delete a database

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