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Bath Salts Deadly New Designer Drug (2)

Bath Salts Deadly New Designer Drug (2)

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Regional Organized Crime Information Center
Special Research Report • Bath Salts: Deadly New Designer Drug
DISSEMINATION RESTRICTED TO LAW ENFORCEMENT
1
Bath Salts:
Deadly New Designer Drug
M
arketed with harmless-sounding names such as Ivory Wave, Tranquility, and Blue Silk (among oth-ers), bath salts have become the newest trendy street drug. Comparable to methamphetamine, co-caine, and PCP, snorting bath salts can induce violent and aggressive behavior, which make users verydangerous to themselves and law enforcement.Authorities are caught in a rush to combat this dangerous trend, as bath salts are legal in most states.Bath salts are essentially drugs that are being labeled “bath salts.” Although they are marketed “not forhuman consumption,” they are being purchased with the intent to be snorted, injected, or smoked by abus-ers, sometimes causing extreme reactions such as hallucinations, paranoia, suicidal thoughts, agitation,and increased heart rate. Users have also experienced hypothermia, seizures, and delusions. None of thechemicals found in these salts are contained in legitimate bath salts sold by a reputable company.Note: For the purpose of this report, the use of the term bath salts refers to the product that abusers are us-ing to get a drug-like high. It does not refer to the legitimate bath salts that a bather would use.
By ROCIC Publications Specialist Jennifer Adkins © 2011 ROCIC
 
Regional Organized Crime Information Center
Special Research Report • Bath Salts: Deadly New Designer Drug
DISSEMINATION RESTRICTED TO LAW ENFORCEMENT
2
Real Bath Saltsvs. Drug-like Bath Salts
There is no evidence to suggest thatthe “bath salts” which induce drug-like behavior contain the chemi-cals sodium chloride (sea salt) andmagnesium sulfate (Epsom salt),which are usually the staple ingredi-ents of true bath salts. According toSan Francisco Bath Salt Company,which specializes and sells legiti-mate bath salts, the creators of thedrug-like bath salts simply labeledthe products bath salts to manipu-late the system.
Bath salts are believed to be a mix of syntheticcocaine and a form of Ecstasy. Its main compo-nent, MDPV (3,4-Methylenedioxypyrovalerone),is a synthetic product of the drug pyrovalerone, aSchedule V psychoactive drug. It is a stimulant usu-ally sold in salt form with the appearance of pow-der, white to tan/brown in color with a slight odor.Bath salts also come in pill form.In the past, MDPV was sold strictly online andmanufactured in China or India. Now it is beingsold on the streets and from small retailers as a bathsalt product.Bath salts are generally sold in a 500mg package,which, Major Tommy Ford of Bay County, Miss.
Sheriff’s Ofce stated, adds to the problem since
people assume 500mg is a normal hit and they over-dose. In fact, 10mg or less would be considered anormal hit. This unintentional overdose causes thesevere hallucinations of bath salt users, which arebeing reported in the media.The drug is sold at head shops, truck stops, adultstores, and online (Ebay) for $20 to $60. Outletsinclude the same type of stores that sold syntheticmarijuana products, such as K2 incense.“It is popular among teenagers, and it is an expen-sive habit,” stated Det. Wes Rowe of Wythe Coun-
ty, W.Va. Sheriff’s Ofce. “It is almost cheaper to
 just go buy the real stuff [methamphetamine].”Besides MDPV, bath salts include the chemicalsmethylone, mephedrone, methoxymethcathinone,
and uromethcathinone. The high from the drugs
has been reported to last as long as three to six days.However, users reported side-effects from the salts,even after no longer consuming it.
MDPV and Mephedrone 
MDPV (also known as methylenedioxypy- rovalerone) is a psychoactive drug with stimu- lant properties. It has been sold since 2008 as a research chemical. In 2010, it began being sold as a legal drug alternative in the United States, marketed as bath salts in gas stations and convenience stores with similar market- ing as Spice and K2 incense. It is sometimes called PV or PeeVee.Mephedrone (also known as 4-methylmeth- cathinone or 4-MMC) is a synthetic stimulant manufactured in China and is similar to the cathinone compounds found in the khat plant of eastern Africa. This is why bath salts are also referred to as plant food. Users can swal- low, snort, or inject the chemical to produce similar effects to MDMA, amphetamines, and cocaine. It became available for sale on the Internet in 2007. In the U.K., it was sold in a product called bubbles (similar to bath salts).Street names include meow meow, Miaow,and M-Cat.
 
Regional Organized Crime Information Center
Special Research Report • Bath Salts: Deadly New Designer Drug
DISSEMINATION RESTRICTED TO LAW ENFORCEMENT
3
Ofcer Safety
Training should include “what
if” situations. It is benecialfor ofcers to develop their 
own “what if” scenarios thatare particular to their ownpatrol areas. Partners shoulddevelop and rehearse sce-narios that involve their ac-tions as partners, as well astheir actions if the situationrequires that they act alone.Sheriff Frank McKeithen ofBay County, Fla. began train-ing his deputies to recognizethe symptoms of bath saltsabuse. He instructed them totreat the situation as a medi-cal emergency and wait forEMTs and backup deputiesto arrive, if at all possible, andcreate a coordinated plan forsubduing the subject.
While under the inuence of 
drugs, subjects will uninten-tionally violate the law anddeputies have to do theirbest to protect the person.Sheriff McKeithen statedthat tasers and pepper sprayshould be used only as a lastresort. Before the emergen-cy order made the chemicalsillegal in Florida, law enforce-ment charged offenders withdisorderly conduct, a misde-meanor.Law enforcement should befamiliar with the types of bathsalts sold in their jurisdic-tions, and the effects that thedrugs produce (the effects ofan overdose and a commonhigh).
People on Bath Salts are Violent, Unpredictable
It took 11 Florida law enforcement ofcers to control a man high on
bath salts; the suspect tore the radar unit out of a vehicle with his teeth.A Tippah County Sheriff’s Deputy was shot and killed while respond-ing to a disturbance call near Ripley, Miss. Authorities are now investi-gating whether the suspect, now being held on capital murder charges,was high on bath salts.An Itawamba County, Miss. Deputy was injured while trying to arrest
a suspect under the inuence of bath salts. The man fought off the
deputies because he thought they were devils coming to take him.It took six deputies and multiple EMTs to sedate a man for safe trans-port to Bay Medical Center in Bay County, Fla. after he snorted twopackages of bath salts. Bath salts have resulted in several uses of theFlorida Baker Act, which allows for involuntary examination of anindividual when the individual is in a psychotic state.In Panama City, Fla., a 71-year-old woman was attacked by her48-year-old daughter high on bath salts and swinging a machete in anattempt to behead her. The daughter was arrested and charged with ag-gravated assault with a deadly weapon.In Wythe County, W.Va., an adult entertainment store was burglarized.The suspects targeted the $40 packages of Tranquility bath salts soldat the store.In Fulton, Miss., a man got high on bath salts and cut his face andstomach repeatedly with a skinning knife. The man reported to his lo-cal newspaper that he had tried every drug from heroin to crack and
was terried by the effects produced by bath salts.
A physician working in Covington, La. watched his son cut his throatafter enduring a delirium onset by snorting, smoking, or injecting bathsalts. His son survived, only to shoot himself later when he had visionsof army soldiers swarming his house.
Items conscated 
from a bath salt bust, where Cen- tralia, Mo. Police arrested three men who were using bath salts mixed with meth.The mixture is known as Bliss.

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