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surfaces_a_b_c

# surfaces_a_b_c

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05/24/2013

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CLASS \u2018A\u2019 SURFACING
\u2018A'
Class
surfacing
and
its
importance:

A class surfaces are those aesthetic/ free form surfaces, which are visible to us (interior/exterior), having an optimal aesthetic shape and high surface quality.

Mathematically class A surface are those surfaces which are curvature continuous while providing the simplest mathematical representation needed for the desired shape/form and does not have any undesirable waviness.

Curvature continuity: It is the continuity between the

surfaces sharing the same boundary. Curvature continuity means that at each point of each surface along the common boundary has the same radius of curvature.

Why Class A is needed:

We all understand that today products are not only designed considering the functionality but special consideration are given to its form/aesthetics which can bring a desire in ones mind to own that product. Which is only possible with high- class finish and good forms. This is the reason why in design industries Class A surface are given more importance.

Understanding for Class A surfaces:

1. The fillets - Generally for Class A, the requirement is curvature continuous and Uniform flow of flow lines
from fillet to parent surface value of 0.005 or better (Position 0.001mm and tangency to about 0.016
degrees).
2. The flow of the highlight lines - The lines should form a uniform family of lines. Gradually widening or
narrowing but in general never pinching in and out.
3. The control points should form a very ordered structure - again varying in Angle from one Row to the next
in a gradual manner (this will yield the good Highlights required).
4. For a Class A model the fillet boundary should be edited and moved to form a Gentle line - and then re-
matched into the base surface.
5. Matched iso-params in U & V direction are also a good representation of class A.
6. The degree (order) of the Bezier fillets should generally be about 6 (also for arc Radius direction)
sometimes you may have to go higher.
7. Also you have to take care of Draft angle, symmetry, gaps and matching of surfaces Created with parent or
reference surfaces.
8. Curvature cross-section needles across the part - we make sure the rate of Change of curvature (or the
flow of the capping line across the top of the part) is Very gentle and well behaved.

The physical meaning:

Class A refers to those surfaces, which are CURVATURE continuous to each other at their respective
boundaries. Curvature continuity means that at each "point" of each surface along the common boundary has

This is different to surfaces having;
Tangent continuity - which is directional continuity without radius continuity - like fillets.
Point continuity - only touching without directional (tangent) or curvature equivalence.
In fact, tangent and point continuity is the entire basis most industries (aerospace, shipbuilding, BIW etc ).
For these applications, there is generally no need for curvature.
UNDERSTANDING
By definition:

Class A surface refers to those surfaces which are VISIBLE and abide to the physical meaning, in a product.
This classification is primarily used in the automotive and increasingly in consumer goods (toothbrushes,
PalmPC's, mobile phones, washing machines, toilet lids etc). It is a requirement where aesthetics has a
significant contribution. For this reason the exterior of automobiles are deemed Class-A. BIW is NOT Class-A.
The exterior of you sexy toothbrush is Class-A, the interior with ribs and inserts etc is NOT Class-A.

QUESTION:

What is Body_in_white?
What is class A surface?
Are the interior trim (A,B,C pillar, dash board, center console, handles) of a car using class A surface?
Anybody using the basic design bundle of UG for class A surfacing? UG\Shape Studio?
How does it compare with Catia?

Ans:1

A class A surface is anything that you the customer sees. i.e. exterior panels and interior surfaces.
A Class B surface is something that is not always visible i.e. the underside of a fascia that you would have to
bend down to see.
A Class C surface is the back side of a part of a surface that is permanently covered by another part.
BIW is stuff like the body side etc..

Ans:2
Actually 'body in white' is the term used to describe the whole vehicle body after it has been welded/bolted
together before it is painted or any parts are attached on the fit up line.
Ans:3
We also use it to mean after it has been painted - I always assumed that the white bit refers to primer. Next
step is to fit the windscreen and backlight, when it becomes the glazed body in white, or BIW+G.
ANS: 4

BIW - Some surfaces are Class A, i.e. body side, roof, sill appliqu\u00e9.
I heard some time ago from a old designer that the term BIW comes from when cars were built from wood,
they were painted white as it gives the frame a uniform color so imperfections were easily visible.

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