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gas_laws

# gas_laws

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05/09/2014

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PHYS-2010: General Physics I
Course Lecture Notes
Section XIII
Dr. Donald G. Luttermoser
East Tennessee State University
Edition 2.3
Abstract
These class notes are designed for use of the instructor and students of the coursePHYS-2010:
General Physics Itaught by Dr. Donald Luttermoser at East Tennessee State University. These
notes make reference to theCollege Physics, 7th Edition (2005) textbook by Serway and Faughn.
XIII. Gas Laws and the Kinetic Theory of Gases
A. State Variables: Quantities that describe the condition or stateof a
system.
1. Pressure:P =F /A [SI units: Pa = N m\u22122] or [cgs units:
dyne cm\u22122].
2. Temperature: A measure of the amount of heat in a system
[K] or [\u25e6C].
3. Volume(or Density):
a) Mass Density:\u03c1 (\u2018rho\u2019)\u2261 amount of mass per unit
volume [SI units: kg m\u22123] or [cgs units: g cm\u22123].
b) Number Density:N (\u2018capital N\u2019)\u2261 number of parti-

cles per unit volume [SI units: m\u22123] or [cgs units: cm\u22123]. Note that one could include \u2018atoms,\u2019 \u2018molecules,\u2019 or \u2018par- ticles\u2019 in the numerator of the units for this parameter, but these terms are not reallyunits (like \u2018radian\u2019 and an- gular \u2018degree\u2019), and as such, I have not included any of these labels in the \u2018units\u2019 for number density, though their inclusion are implied. (Note that your textbook uses

capital-N as the totalnumber of particles present
and not the way I de\ufb01ne it here.)
c)The total number of particles and volume can be ex-
pressed separately as well:
i) Volume:V\u2261 Total \u2018space\u2019 that the gas \ufb01lls [SI
units: m3] or [cgs units: cm3]
XIII\u20131