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06/07/2012

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PHYS-2010: General Physics I
Course Lecture Notes
Section VII

Dr. Donald G. Luttermoser
East Tennessee State University
Edition 2.3
Abstract
These class notes are designed for use of the instructor and students of the coursePHYS-2010:
General Physics Itaught by Dr. Donald Luttermoser at East Tennessee State University. These
notes make reference to theCollege Physics, 7th Edition (2005) textbook by Serway and Faughn.
VII. Linear Momentum and Collisions
A. Momentum and Impulse.
1.The linear momentumpof an object is equal to the product
of the massm and velocityv:
\ue000p\u2261m \ue000v,
(VII-1)
or in component form:\ue000
p= px\u02c6
x+ py\u02c6
y= mvx\u02c6
x+ mvy\u02c6
y.
2.Note that Newton\u2019s 2nd law can be written as
\ue000
F=change in momentum
time interval
=\u2206\ue000p
\u2206t.
(VII-2)
The proof for this is
vf= vi+ at= vi+ a\u2206t
a\u2206t= vf\u2212vi= \u2206v
a=\u2206v
\u2206t
\u2206p =m\u2206v so \u2206v =\u2206p
m
a=\u2206v
\u2206t=\u2206p/m
\u2206t=\u2206p
m\u2206t
or\u2206p
\u2206t=ma =F !
3.Rewriting Eq. (VII-2), we get
\ue000
F\u2206t= \u2206\ue000p= m\ue000vf\u2212 m\ue000vi= m(\ue000vf\u2212 \ue000vi) .
(VII-3)
a)\ue000
F\u2206tis called theimpulse of the force, with\ue000
Fas the
average forceduring a collision.
VII\u20131