In general, follow the guidelines below when designing and specifying pipe, pipe fittings and accessories. Unless specifically indicated otherwise, these guidelines are not intended to restrict or replace professional judgment.
Design piping, fittings and accessories to be suitable for the pressure and temperatures of the service. Ascertain system working pressure and provide piping accordingly, based on the systems to be tested at 150 percent of maximum system working pressure.
Conform to ANSI B31.1.0 and applicable portions of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. The welders should be certified under the rules of the National Certified Pipe Welding Bureau and qualified by either the National Certified Pipe Welding Bureau or an independent testing laboratory. Welder should be certified under ASME procedures for welds on boilers and pressure vessels. Copies of the welder\u2019s certificates should be made available to the Owner, Architect or Engineer upon request.
Install piping tight to slabs, beams, joists, columns, walls and other permanent elements of the building. Provide space to permit insulation applications, with 1\u201d clearance outside the insulation. Allow sufficient space above removable ceiling panels to allow for panel removal.
Locate groups of pipes parallel to each other, spaced to permit applying full insulation and servicing of valves. All valves and piping specialties must be accessible when all of the trades have completed their work.
All piping connections to coils and equipment shall be made with offsets provided with screwed or welded bolted flanges so arranged that the equipment can be serviced or removed without dismantling the piping.
Thread pipe with tapered pipe threads in accordance with ANSI B2.1. Ream threaded ends to remove burrs. Apply pipe joint sealant (Rectorseal No. 5) or Teflon tape suitable for the service for which the pipe is intended on the male threads at each joint. Teflon tape shall not be used for oil services.
Whenever welded piping connects to equipment valves or other units needing maintenance, servicing, or possible removal, flange the connecting joints. Match the pressure rating of the pipe flanges with the pressure rating of the flanges on the equipment to which the piping connects. Provide flanged pipe sections to permit removal of equipment components.
Beveling and Welding: All pipe 2\u00bd inches and larger may be purchased mill beveled or shall be machine beveled on both ends before welding. On odd lengths of pipe, beveling may be accomplished by means of the oxyacetylene cutting torch provided all paint, rust, scale and oxide are carefully removed with hammer, chisel or file and bevel left smooth and clean. Joints shall be prepared and welded to assure thorough fusion of alignment and the production of a joint that shall develop the full strength of the pipe and that shall be leakproof in service.
Welding Rods: The welding rod used for welding steel and wrought iron shall be approved welding rod in accordance with ASTM Spec. A233. Electrodes of Classifications E6012, E6013, E7014 and E7024 shall not be used.
A weld is considered defective and shall be repaired if it does not meet the acceptance standard of each applicable non-destructive examination as defined ASME/ANSI B31.9.
Brazed Joints: For copper tube and fitting joints, braze joints in accordance with the AWS \u201cSoldering Manual\u201d, the Contractor\u2019s tested Procedure Qualification Record, ANSI B31.1 \u2013 Standard Code for Pressure Piping, \u201cPower Piping\u201d, ANSI B9.1 \u2013 Standard Safety Code for Mechanical Refrigeration.
Soldered Joints: For copper tube and fitting joints, solder joints in accordance with the AWS \u201cSoldering Manual\u201d and \u201cThe Copper Handbook.\u201d Thoroughly clean tube surface and inside surface of the cup of the fittings, using very fine emery cloth, prior to making soldered joints. Wipe tube and fittings clean and apply flux. Flux shall not be used as the sole means for cleaning tube and fitting surfaces.
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