Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Administrative Law

Administrative Law

Ratings: (0)|Views: 135 |Likes:

More info:

Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: Lei Bataller Bautista on Nov 24, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/24/2011

pdf

text

original

 
 
Administrative Law
BarOps Head
I
PY CaunanAcads Head
I
Beth LiceraldeSubject Head
I
Frances Tandog
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. HISTORICAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL CONSIDERATIONS..............................................................1
 
A.
 
D
EVELOPMENT
O
F
A
DMINISTRATIVE
L
AW
A
S
A
 
D
ISTINCT
F
IELD
O
F
P
UBLIC
L
AW
............................................................................1
 
B.
 
D
EFINITION OF
T
ERMS
...................................................................................................................................................1
 
C.
 
C
ASES
.......................................................................................................................................................................3
 
II. CONTROL OF ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION...............................................................................4
 
A.
 
A
DMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES AND THE EXECUTIVE POWER OF THE
P
RESIDENT
..................................................................................4
 
III. POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES.......................................................5
 
A.
 
L
EGISLATIVE FUNCTION
..................................................................................................................................................5
 
B.
 
 J
UDICIAL
F
UNCTION
.......................................................................................................................................................9
 
C.
 
 J
UDICIAL DETERMINATION OF SUFFICIENCY OF STANDARDS
......................................................................................................12
 
IV. ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE.......................................................................................13
 
A.
 
I
N
R
ULE
-M
AKING
:
 
P
RICE
,
WAGE OR RATE
-
FIXING
.................................................................................................................13
 
B.
 
I
N
A
DJUDICATION OF CASES
...........................................................................................................................................13
 
V. JUDICIAL REVIEW OF ADMINISTRATIVE DECISIONS...............................................................16
 
A.
 
F
ACTORS
A
FFECTING
F
INALITY OF
A
DMINISTRATIVE
D
ECISIONS
................................................................................................17
 
B.
 
A
VAILABILITY OF
 J
UDICIAL
R
EVIEW
...................................................................................................................................17
 
C.
 
E
 XHAUSTION OF
A
DMINISTRATIVE
R
EMEDIES
......................................................................................................................18
 
D.
 
P
RIMARY
 J
URISDICTION OR
P
RELIMINARY
R
ESORT
................................................................................................................19
 
E.
 
S
TANDING TO
C
HALLENGE
.............................................................................................................................................19
 
F.
 
R
IPENESS
.................................................................................................................................................................20
 
G.
 
M
OOTNESS
...............................................................................................................................................................21
 
VI. MODES OF JUDICIAL REVIEW.........................................................................................21
 
A.
 
C
ERTIORARI
..............................................................................................................................................................23
 
B.
 
P
ROHIBITION
.............................................................................................................................................................25
 
C.
 
M
ANDAMUS
..............................................................................................................................................................26
 
D.
 
D
ECLARATORY
R
ELIEF
.................................................................................................................................................27
 
E.
 
H
ABEAS
C
ORPUS
........................................................................................................................................................28
 
F.
 
I
NJUNCTION AS PROVISIONAL REMEDY
...............................................................................................................................28
 
G.
 
S
UIT FOR DAMAGES
(
INDIRECT METHOD
)...........................................................................................................................29
 
VII. EXTENT OF JUDICIAL REVIEW.......................................................................................29
 
A.
 
T
HE
L
AW
-F
ACT
D
ISTINCTION
.........................................................................................................................................29
 
B.
 
Q
UESTION OF
L
AW
......................................................................................................................................................30
 
C.
 
Q
UESTION OF
F
ACT
.....................................................................................................................................................30
 
D.
 
Q
UESTION OF
D
ISCRETION
............................................................................................................................................31
 
VIII. ENFORCEMENT OF AGENCY ACTION...............................................................................32
 
A.
 
R
ES
 J
UDICATA
;
 
F
INALITY OF
 J
UDGMENT
.............................................................................................................................32
 
B.
 
W
RIT OF
E
 XECUTION
;
 
M
ANDAMUS
...................................................................................................................................32
 
APPENDIX....................................................................................................................33
 
BOOK 
 
VII:
 
ADMINISTRATIVE
 
PROCEDURE.......................................................................................................................33
 
 
I. Historical and Constitutional Considerations Administrative Law
UP LAW BAROPS 2007 ONE UP LAW 
1 of 38
I. HISTORICAL AND CONSTITUTIONALCONSIDERATIONS
A. Development Of Administrative LawAs A Distinct Field Of Public Law
FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE EMERGENCEOF ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES
 1.
 
Growing complexities of modern life;2.
 
Multiplication of number of subjects needinggovernment regulation; and3.
 
Increased difficulty of administering laws.[Laurel, J. in
Pangasinan Transportation vPublic Service Commission (1940)
]
DOCTRINE OF “SEPARATION OF POWERS”AND THE CONSTITUTIONAL POSITION OFADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES
The Doctrine of Separation of Powers, thoughnot mentioned anywhere by such name in the 1987Constitution, can be inferred from its provisions.The heart of the doctrine is that the basic powersof the government must be kept separate fromeach other, each power being under the principalcontrol of a branch of government. The legislativepower is granted to the Congress, the executivepower to the President, and the judicial power tothe Judiciary.The President as Chief Executive exercises
control 
over agencies and offices which performrule-making or adjudicatory functions.
 
If the agency is created by Congress, considerthe law that created it. If the law is silent as to thecontrol which the President may exercise, thePresident can only
 supervise
, i.e., to see to it thatthe laws are faithfully executed.
 
The 3 branches of government lack (1) time,(2) expertise, and (3) organizational aptitude foreffective and continuing regulation of newdevelopments in society [Stone]. Thus, there is aneed for a body which would act as a “catch basin,” otherwise the 3 branches would collapse. TheAdministrative Agency supports the trichotomy of powers.
B. Definition of Terms
ADMINISTRATIVE LAWM
EANING
 
Branch of public law dealing with the doctrinesand principles governing the powers andprocedures of administrative agencies, especiallyincluding judicial review of administrative action[Prof. Kenneth Culp Davis]Branch of public law which fixes theorganization and determines the competence of administrative authorities and indicates to theindividual remedies for the violation of his rights.[Nachura]
K
INDS OF
A
DMINISTRATIVE
L
AW
 
1.
 
Statutes setting up administrative authorities.2.
 
Rules, regulations, or orders of suchadministrative authorities promulgated pursuantto the purposes for which they were created.3.
 
Determinations, decisions, and orders of suchadministrative authorities made in settlement of controversies arising in their particular fields.4.
 
Body of doctrines and decisions dealing with thecreation, operation, and effect of determinations and regulations of suchadministrative authorities.
A
DMINISTRATION
 
MeaningUnderstood in two different senses:1.
 
 As a function:
The execution, in non-judicialmatters, of the law or will of the State asexpressed by competent authority.
 
2.
 
 As an organization:
That group or aggregate of persons in whose hands the reins of government are for the time being.
 
Distinguished from government
Kinds
 1.
 
Internal:
Legal side of public administration(e.g. matters concerning personnel; fiscal andplanning activities).2.
 
External:
Deals with problems of governmentregulations (e.g. regulation of professions,industries or businesses).
ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCYM
EANING
 
Any
 
governmental organ or authority, otherthan a court or legislative body, which affects therights of private parties, through rule-making andadjudication. [Davis; Nachura]A body or agency is administrative where itsfunction is primarily regulatory, even if it conductshearings and determines controversies to carry outits regulatory duty. On its rule-making authority, itis administrative when it does not have discretionto determine what the law shall be but merelyprescribes details for the enforcement of the law.Any department, bureau, office, commission,authority or officer of the National Governmentauthorized by law or executive order to make rules,issue licenses, grant rights or privileges, andadjudicate cases; research institutions with respectto licensing functions; government corporationswith respect to functions regulating private right,privilege, occupation or business; and officials inthe exercise of disciplinary powers as provided bylaw. [Sec. 2, Book VII, Admin Code of 1987]
POWERS OF AN ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCY
1.
 
Quasi-legislative or rule-making power2.
 
Quasi-judicial or adjudicatory power3.
 
Determinative powers [Nachura]a.
 
Licensingb.
 
Price/rate-fixingc.
 
Implementing or executing

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->