United States Nuclear Tests -- By Date
TestDate (GCT)LocationTypePurpose Yield Range
1Trinity07/16/45Alamogordo, New MexicoTowerWeapons Related21 ktFirst test of a nuclear weaponThis document is a compilation of all nuclear tests and simultaneous detonations that the United States has conducted. However, the two nuclear weapons that the UnitedStates exploded over Japan ending World War II are not listed. These were not "tests" in the sense that they were conducted to prove that the weapon would work as designed(as was the first test near Alamogordo, New Mexico on July 16, 1945) or to advance weapon design, to determine weapons effects, or to verify weapon safety as were the morethan one thousand tests that have taken place since June 30, 1946.The nuclear weapon dropped August 5, 1945, from a U.S. Army Air Force B-29 bomber and detonated over Hiroshima, Japan had an energy yield equivalent to that of 15,000tons of TNT. The one exploded in similar fashion August 9, 1945 over Nagasaki, Japan had a yield of 21,000 tons of TNT. Both detonations were intended to end World War IIas quickly as possible.
2Able06/30/46BikiniAirdropWeapons Effects21 kt3Baker07/24/46BikiniUnderwaterWeapons Effects21 kt
4X-ray04/14/48EnewetakTowerWeapons Related37 kt5Yoke04/30/48EnewetakTowerWeapons Related49 kt6Zebra05/14/48EnewetakTowerWeapons Related18 kt
7Able01/27/51NTSAirdropWeapons Related1 kt8Baker01/28/51NTSAirdropWeapons Related8 kt9Easy02/01/51NTSAirdropWeapons Related1 kt10Baker-202/02/51NTSAirdropWeapons Related8 kt11Fox02/06/51NTSAirdropWeapons Related22 kt
12Dog04/07/51EnewetakTowerWeapons Related81 kt13Easy04/20/51EnewetakTowerWeapons Related47 kt14George05/08/51EnewetakTowerWeapons Related225 ktFirst thermonuclear test explosion15Item05/24/51EnewetakTowerWeapons Related45.5 ktFirst test of the boosting principle