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giao an tin hoc 6

giao an tin hoc 6

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Published by: api-26458918 on Oct 19, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Ng\u00b5y so\u00b9n : 25/8/2007
Ng\u00b5y gi\u00b6ng : 7B : 27/8/2007
7C : 28/8/2007
7D : 29/8/2007
7E : 28/8/2007
Ti\u00d5t 1:
m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh v\u00b5 ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh
I, M\u00f4c ti\u00aau:
1. Ki\u00d5n th\u00f8c
- Bi\u00d5t s\u00ac l\u00eec c\u00cau tr\u00f3c chung c\u00f1a m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh \u00aei\u00d6n t\u00f6 v\u00b5 m\u00e9t v\u00b5i
th\u00b5nh ph\u00c7n quan tr\u00e4ng nh\u00cat c\u00f1a m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh c\u00b8 nh\u00a9n.
- Bi\u00d5t k/n ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh v\u00b5 vai tr\u00df c\u00f1a ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m m\u00b8y
t\u00ddnh.
2. K\u00dc n\u00a8ng: Cha \u00ae\u00dfi h\u00e1i c\u00b8c thao t\u00b8c c\u00f4 th\u00d3.
3. Th\u00b8i \u00ae\u00e9: HS c\u00e3 h\u00f8ng th\u00f3, y\u00aau th\u00ddch b\u00e9 m\u00abn.
II/ Chu\u00c8n b\u00de:
- Gi\u00b8o vi\u00aan: SGK, gi\u00b8o \u00b8n , RAM, \u00e6 c\u00f8ng, \u00ae\u00dca m\u00d2m, th\u00ce nh\u00ed
(USB),b\u00b5n ph\u00ddm, chu\u00e9t.
- H\u00e4c sinh: SGK, \u00ae\u00e5 d\u00efng h\u00e4c t\u00cbp, \u00ae\u00e4c tr\u00edc b\u00b5i SGK.
III/ Ho\u00b9t \u00ae\u00e9ng d\u00b9y h\u00e4c:
1. \u00e6n \u00ae\u00denh t\u00e6 ch\u00f8c l\u00edp:
7B : 28/28
7C : 29/29
7D : 29/29
7E : V\u00beng :
Ti\u00d5n(k)
3. B\u00b5i m\u00edi:
Ho\u00b9t \u00ae\u00e9ng 1: Gi\u00edi thi\u00d6u c\u00cau tr\u00f3c v\u00b5 c\u00b8c th\u00b5nh ph\u00c7n c\u00f1a
m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh

- Gi\u00edi thi\u00d6u: M\u00b8y t\u00ddnh c\u00e3 nhi\u00d2u ch\u00f1ng l\u00b9o, h\u00d7nh d\u00b8ng, k\u00ddch c\u00ec kh\u00b8c nhau: MT \u00ae\u00d3 b\u00b5n, m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh x\u00b8ch tay......

- Y/c HS nghi\u00aan c\u00f8u th\u00abng tin m\u00f4c 1(SGK) trong 2\u2019.

? C\u00cau tr\u00f3c chung c\u00f1a
MT\u00a7T
theo

Von Neunman g\u00e5m nh\u00f7ng b\u00e9 ph\u00cbn n\u00b5o.

- Nh\u00cbn x\u00d0t, ch\u00e8t l\u00b9i
- Ch\u00f3 \u00fd l\u00beng
nghe.
- Nghi\u00aan c\u00f8u
th\u00abng tin.
- Suy ngh\u00dc v\u00b5
tr\u00b6 l\u00eai.
- L\u00beng nghe v\u00b5
ghi b\u00b5i.
1) C\u00cau tr\u00f3c chung c\u00f1a
m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh \u00aei\u00d6n t\u00f6.

- G\u00e5m c\u00b8c kh\u00e8i ch\u00f8c n\u00a8ng: B\u00e9 x\u00f6 l\u00fd trung t\u00a9m; thi\u00d5t b\u00de v\u00b5o v\u00b5 thi\u00d5t b\u00de ra (th\u00eang \u00ae\u00eec g\u00e4i chung l\u00b5 thi\u00d5t b\u00de v\u00b5o/ra) v\u00b5 b\u00e9 nh\u00ed.

- C\u00b8c kh\u00e8i ch\u00f8c n\u00a8ng n\u00aau

tr\u00aan ho\u00b9t \u00ae\u00e9ng d\u00edi s\u00f9 h- \u00edng d\u00c9n c\u00f1a c\u00b8c ch\u00acng tr\u00d7nh m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh (g\u00e4i t\u00bet l\u00b5 ch\u00acng tr\u00d7nh) do con ng\u00eai l\u00cbp ra.

1
k/th\u00f8c.

- Gi\u00edi thi\u00d6u ch\u00f8c n\u00a8ng c\u00f1a t\u00f5ng b\u00e9 ph\u00cbn c\u00f4 th\u00d3.

- Cho HS quan s\u00b8t c\u00b8c b\u00e9 ph\u00cbn m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh th\u00b8o r\u00eai.

- Ch\u00f3 \u00fd l\u00beng
nghe.
- Ch\u00f3 \u00fd quan
s\u00b8t.

- Ch\u00acng tr\u00d7nh l\u00b5 t\u00cbp h\u00eep c\u00b8c c\u00a9u l\u00d6nh, m\u00e7i c\u00a9u l\u00d6nh h\u00edng d\u00c9n m\u00e9t thao t\u00b8c c\u00f4 th\u00d3 c\u00c7n th\u00f9c hi\u00d6n.

a) B\u00e9 x\u00f6 l\u00dd trung t\u00a9m
(CPU)

- \u00a7\u00eec coi l\u00b5 b\u00e9 n\u00b7o c\u00f1a m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh. CPU th\u00f9c hi\u00d6n c\u00b8c ch\u00f8c n\u00a8ng t\u00ddnh to\u00b8n, \u00aei\u00d2u khi\u00d3n v\u00b5 ph\u00e8i h\u00eep m\u00e4i ho\u00b9t \u00ae\u00e9ng c\u00f1a m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh.

b) B\u00e9 nh\u00ed
- L\u00b5 n\u00aci lu ch\u00acng tr\u00d7nh
v\u00b5 d\u00f7 li\u00d6u.

- B\u00e9 nh\u00ed \u00ae\u00eec chia l\u00b5m hai lo\u00b9i: b\u00e9 nh\u00ed trong, b\u00e9 nh\u00ed ngo\u00b5i.

- \u00a7\u00acn v\u00de \u00aeo dung l\u00eeng
nh\u00ed l\u00b5 Byte. (B\u00b6ng SGK)
c) Thi\u00d5t b\u00de v\u00b5o/ra

- Thi\u00d5t b\u00de nh\u00cbp d\u00f7 li\u00d6u: b\u00b5n ph\u00ddm, chu\u00e9t, m\u00b8y qu\u00d0t...

Ho\u00b9t \u00ae\u00e9ng 2: M\u00b8y t\u00ddnh l\u00b5 m\u00e9t c\u00abng c\u00f4 x\u00f6 l\u00dd th\u00abng tin
- Y/c HS quan s\u00b8t m\u00ab
h\u00d7nh trong SGK.

- Gi\u00b6ng gi\u00b6i ho\u00b9t \u00ae\u00e9ng m\u00ab h\u00d7nh qu\u00b8 tr\u00d7nh ba b\u00edc.

- Y/c h\u00e4c sinh quan s\u00b8t m\u00ab h\u00d7nh ho\u00b9t \u00ae\u00e9ng ba b\u00edc c\u00f1a m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh trong SGK.

? H\u00b7y cho bi\u00d5t qu\u00b8 tr\u00d7nh x\u00f6 l\u00dd th\u00abng tin trong m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh \u00ae\u00eec ti\u00d5n h\u00b5nh c\u00f4 th\u00d3 nh th\u00d5 n\u00b5o ?

- Nh\u00cbn x\u00d0t, b\u00e6 xung.
- Quan s\u00b8t SGK.
- L\u00beng nghe v\u00b5
ghi v\u00eb.
- Quan s\u00b8t SGK.
- Suy ngh\u00dc v\u00b5
tr\u00b6 l\u00eai

2. M\u00b8y t\u00ddnh l\u00b5 m\u00e9t c\u00abng c\u00f4 x\u00f6 l\u00dd th\u00abng tin.

- Qu\u00b8 tr\u00d7nh x\u00f6 l\u00dd th\u00abng tin trong m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh \u00ae\u00eec ti\u00d5n h\u00b5nh m\u00e9t c\u00b8ch t\u00f9 \u00ae\u00e9ng theo s\u00f9 ch\u00d8 d\u00c9n c\u00f1a c\u00b8c ch\u00acng tr\u00d7nh.

Input (th\u00abng tin c\u00b8c ch- \u00acng tr\u00d7nh)\ue000 X\u00f6 l\u00dd v\u00b5 lu tr\u00f7\ue000 Output ( v\u00a8n b\u00b6n,

\u00a9m thanh, h\u00d7nh \u00b6nh ...)
Ho\u00b9t \u00ae\u00e9ng 3: Ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m v\u00b5 ph\u00a9n lo\u00b9i ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m.
2

- Y/c HS ho\u00b9t \u00ae\u00e9ng c\u00b8 nh\u00a9n nghi\u00aan c\u00f8u th\u00abng tin m\u00f4c 2 trong 3\u2019.

? Ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m l\u00b5 g\u00d7?
- Nh\u00cbn x\u00d0t, ch\u00e8t l\u00b9i
\u00ae\u00denh ngh\u00dca.

- Gi\u00edi thi\u00d6u cho HS ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m h\u00d6 th\u00e8ng v\u00b5 ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m \u00f8ng d\u00f4ng.

- Y/c HS ho\u00b9t \u00ae\u00e9ng nh\u00e3m th\u00b6o lu\u00cbn ch\u00d8 ra s\u00f9 gi\u00e8ng v\u00b5 kh\u00b8c nhau gi\u00f7a ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m h\u00d6 th\u00e8ng v\u00b5 ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m \u00f8ng d\u00f4ng.

- Ch\u00d8 \u00ae\u00b9o HS th\u00b6o

lu\u00cbn nh\u00e3m.
- Ch\u00d8 \u00ae\u00b9o HS tr\u00b6 l\u00eai.
- Nh\u00cbn x\u00d0t, ch\u00e8t l\u00b9i.

- Nghi\u00aan c\u00f8u th\u00abng tin SGK \u2013 17.

- Suy ngh\u00dc, tr\u00b6
l\u00eai
- L\u00beng nghe,
ghi v\u00eb.
- L\u00beng nghe,
ghi v\u00eb.

- Nh\u00cbn nhi\u00d6m v\u00f4 v\u00b5 ho\u00b5n th\u00b5nh yc.

- Th\u00b6o lu\u00cbn, th\u00e8ng nh\u00cat \u00fd ki\u00d5n

- Tr\u00b6 l\u00eai.
3) Ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m v\u00b5
ph\u00a9n lo\u00b9i ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m.

- Ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh (g\u00e4i t\u00bet l\u00b5 ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m) l\u00b5 c\u00b8c ch\u00acng tr\u00d7nh m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh.

* Ph\u00a9n lo\u00b9i ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m:
C\u00e3 2 lo\u00b9i ch\u00ddnh.

- Ph\u00c7m m\u00d2m h\u00d6 th\u00e8ng: L\u00b5 c\u00b8c ch\u00acng tr\u00d7nh t\u00e6 ch\u00f8c vi\u00d6c qu\u00b6n l\u00dd, \u00aei\u00d2u ph\u00e8i c\u00b8c b\u00e9 ph\u00cbn ch\u00f8c n\u00a8ng c\u00f1a m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh sao cho ch\u00f3ng ho\u00b9t \u00ae\u00e9ng nh\u00dep nh\u00b5ng v\u00b5 ch\u00ddnh x\u00b8c. Quan tr\u00e4ng nh\u00cat l\u00b5 h\u00d6 \u00aei\u00d2u h\u00b5nh.

V\u00dd d\u00f4: H\u00d6 \u00aei\u00d2u h\u00b5nh Windows 98, Windows 2000, Window XP..

Ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m \u00f8ng d\u00f4ng l\u00b5 ch\u00acng tr\u00d7nh \u00ae\u00b8p \u00f8ng nh\u00f7ng y\u00aau c\u00c7u \u00f8ng d\u00f4ng c\u00f4 th\u00d3. V\u00dd d\u00f4: Microsoft Office, Vietkey, Autocard, Pascal, C+ .. ph\u00c7n m\u00d2m \u00f8ng d\u00f4ng tr\u00aan Internet: Google

(trang
t\u00d7m
ki\u00d5m),
Yahoo,
mail,
online \u2026.
IV. C\u00f1ng c\u00e8:
- \u00a7\u00c6t c\u00a9u h\u00e1i cho h\u00e4c sinh:
1. C\u00cau tr\u00f3c chung c\u00f1a m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh \u00aei\u00d6n t\u00f6 theo Von Neumann
g\u00e5m b\u00e9 ph\u00cbn n\u00b5o?
2. H\u00b7y tr\u00d7nh b\u00b5y t\u00e3m t\u00bet ch\u00f8c n\u00a8ng v\u00b5 ph\u00a9n lo\u00b9i b\u00e9 nh\u00ed m\u00b8y
t\u00ddnh?3. CPU l\u00b5 g\u00d7? T\u00b9i sao l\u00b9i n\u00e3i CPU c\u00e3 th\u00d3 \u00ae\u00eec coi nh l\u00b5 b\u00e9 n\u00b7o c\u00f1a
m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh?
4. H\u00b7y k\u00d3 t\u00aan m\u00e9t v\u00b5i thi\u00d5t b\u00de v\u00b5o/ra c\u00f1a m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh m\u00b5 em
bi\u00d5t?Em h\u00b7y n\u00aau c\u00b8c giai \u00aeo\u00b9n c\u00f1a qu\u00b8 tr\u00d7nh x\u00f6 l\u00fd th\u00abng tin v\u00b5 m\u00ab

t\u00b6 ho\u00b9t \u00ae\u00e9ng c\u00f1a m\u00b8y t\u00ddnh?
- T\u00e6ng k\u00d5t b\u00b5i h\u00e4c.
- Nh\u00cbn x\u00d0t gi\u00ea h\u00e4c.

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