Uganda OGN v6.0 November 2011
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organisations including the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the UNOffice of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the UPDF and policecontinued to train officers on internationally recognised human rights standards. During theyear 224 police officers attended human rights and constitutional workshops. The police,UPDF, and Prisons Service also used human rights manuals in their training programs.
In 2009 the UHRC received 916 complaints compared to 1,060 in 2008. There wastherefore a decline in the number of complaints received due to the application of the strictadmissibility criteria, the change of addresses for receipt of complaints as well as thechange in attitudes resulting into greater respect for human right in the country. Most of thecomplaints registered were against the Uganda Police Force (UPF). At least 106
complaints were also registered against the Uganda People‘s Defence Forces (UPDF).
There was a significant increase in the complaints registered against the Rapid ResponseUnit as they more than doubled from 26 in 2008 to 55 in 2009, marking an increase of111.5%. Similar increases were recorded in the complaints against the Internal SecurityOrganisation which increased by 57.1% (from seven in 2008 to 11 in 2009); and thecomplaints lodged against the Chieftaincy of Military Intelligence which more than doubledas they increased from two in 2008 to seven in 2009. The complaints made against theUganda Prisons Service reduced from 33 in 2008 to 29 in 2009, marking a 12.1%decrease.
The law requires that judges or prosecutors issue search warrants before arrests are made;however, in practice, suspects often were taken into custody without warrants. The lawrequires suspects to be charged within 48 hours of arrest, but suspects frequently were heldlonger. Suspects arrested under the Antiterrorism Law must be brought to trial or releasedon bail within 120 days (360 days for a capital offense); however, if the case is presented tothe court before the expiration of this period, there is no limit on pretrial detention.Detainees must be informed immediately of the reasons for their detention, althoughauthorities did not always do so. The law provides for bail at the discretion of the judge, andbail was generally granted with stringent conditions. Detainees are required by law to haveaccess to a lawyer; however, many went without legal representation. The governmentprovided attorneys for indigent defendants accused of capital offenses.
The constitution and law provide for an independent judiciary, and the government generallyrespected this provision in practice; however, the president has extensive legal powers of judicial appointment. The president appoints Supreme Court, High Court, and Court ofAppeal judges with the approval of parliament. The president also nominates, for theapproval of parliament, members of the Judicial Service Commission, who makerecommendations on appointments to the judiciary. The judiciary ruled against thegovernment on several high profile cases during the year. Lower courts remainedunderstaffed, weak, and inefficient. Judicial corruption was a problem.
There is an independent and impartial judiciary in civil matters. In the case of a humanrights violation, there is access to the UHRC, which has the powers of a court under theconstitution. These powers include the authority to order the release of detainees, paymentof compensation to victims, and other legal and administrative remedies, such as mediation.There were problems enforcing domestic court orders.
2.4 Internal relocation.
Caseowners must refer to the Asylum Policy Instructions on both internal relocation andgender issues in the asylum claim and apply the test set out in paragraph 339O of theImmigration Rules. It is important to note that internal relocation can be relevant in bothcases of state and non-state agents of persecution, but in the main it is likely to be most