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System Analysis and Design

System Analysis and Design



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Published by: api-3860591 on Oct 19, 2008
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F.C Ledesma Avenue, San Carlos City, Negros OccidentalTel. #: (034) 312-6189/(034) 729-4327
Date started: 5-22-07 10:00 am
Introduction to Systems Analysis & Design
Source: SAD by Shelly Cashman 6thEdition
Chapter I
Introduce you to the role of information technology in today’s dynamicbusiness environment. You will learn about the development of informationsystems, systems analysis and design concepts, the systems developmentlife cycle, and various systems development methods, tools, and techniques.This chapter also describes the role of the information technologydepartment and the people who work there.
When you finish this chapter, you will be able to:
Discuss the impact of information technology on business strategyand success
Define and information system and describe its components
Use profiles and models to understand business functions andoperations
Explain how the Internet has affected business strategies andrelationships
Identify various types of information systems and explain who usesthem
Explain systems development tools, including modeling,prototyping and CASE tools
Distinguish between structured analysis and object-orientedmethodology
Describe the systems development life cycle
Discuss the role of the information technology department and thesystems analysis who work thereThe headlines in Figure 1-1 offer dramatic examples of how informationtechnology affects businesses, large and small. Companies use informationas a weapon in the battle to increase productivity, deliver quality productsand services, maintain customer loyalty, and make sound decisions. In aglobal economy with intense competitions, information technology can meanthe difference between success and failure.FIGURE 1-1
F.C Ledesma Avenue, San Carlos City, Negros OccidentalTel. #: (034) 312-6189/(034) 729-4327
The Impact of Information Technology
Information technology (IT) refers to the combination of hardware andsoftware products and services that people use to manage, access,communicate, and share information. Successful firms treat information as avital asset that just be used effectively, updated constantly, and safeguardcarefully.
The Future of IT
More than ever, business success depends on information technology. In areport titled
Digital Economy 
2003, the U.S. Department of Commerce statedthat, “After two years of retrenchment, IT producing industries now showsigns of resuming the dynamic role they paid during 1996-2000.” The reportestimated that the IT sector accounted for almost 30 percent of economicgrowth during 2003, and pointed out that IT has created a new economy,where advances in hardware, software, and connectivity provideunprecedented benefits to business and individuals around the world.According to the report, an explosion in Internet use is driving this growth.As the table shown inFigure 1-3indicates, the world online populationincreased by 106 percent between 200 and 2004. The statistics show rapidglobal growth.Although economic trends affect IT spending levels, most business giveIT budgets are relatively priority, in good times or bad. The reason insimple-during periods of growth, companies cannot afford to lag behind theIT curve. Conversely, when the economy slows down, firms often use It toreduce operating costs and improve efficiency.
F.C Ledesma Avenue, San Carlos City, Negros OccidentalTel. #: (034) 312-6189/(034) 729-4327
Figure 1-3
Internet World Stats is a firm that provides Internet usage figures and online population data.
The Role of Systems Analysis and Design
Systems analysis and design is a step-by-step process for developinghigh-quality information systems. An information system combinesinformation technology, people, and data to support business requirements.For example, information systems handle daily business transaction, improvecompany productivity, and help managers make sound decisions. The ITdepartment team includes systems analysts who plan, develop, and maintaininformation systems.With increasing demand for talented people, employment expertspredict a shortage of qualified applicants to fill IT positions. Many companieslist employment opportunities on their Web sites, as show in Figure1-4.

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