Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Computer Fundamentals

Computer Fundamentals

|Views: 839|Likes:
Published by api-3860591

More info:

Published by: api-3860591 on Oct 19, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Basic Computer Tutorial

This basic computer tutorial is written for those who do not know very much about computers. The purpose of this basic computer tutorial is to help the reader better understand how to use their computer more effectively and safely. It will help the reader understand:

What files and file types are
How to copy files
Where your files are stored
What the parts of your computer are
What an operating system is
What a computer program is
Security and Performance

With the above basic information, this tutorial will explain methods that you can do to make your system more secure, keep your data safe by backing it up, and avoid most performance degredation caused to bad applications and SPAM.

How some file types can be used by third parties to gain control of your computer
How to modify your file view settings so you are not as easily fooled by e-mails
containing viruses
How to prevent viruses and worms
How to reduce SPAM
How to back up your files
How to reduce or eliminate unwanted programs that could reduce your system
What to do if you receive a virus or worm
What to do if you receive an e-mail telling you that an e-mail you sent contained a

This basic computer tutorial gives some basic information about hardware, operating systems, and programs in the first half to help the reader understand later information about files, e-mail and computer security practices. Depending on the reader\u2019s level of knowledge, some of the basic information may be skipped and the reader may refer to the terms page if they do not understand some of the terms.

To help understand computers it is best to first learn about computer data. Computer
data is information required by the computer to be able to operate. It is used to:
Run programs \u2013 this is the actual executable program data that the computer will
execute to run the program such as Microsoft Word.
Store program or system configuration information.

Store information that the computer user needs such as text files or other files that are associated with the program the computer user is running. A common example of a program the computer user is running is the Microsoft Office suite of products which include Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, and others. These programs are also known as applications.

Data Structure
Computer data is in what is called binary format. This means that it is always a 0 or a 1.
It only has these two states and must be in one of them.
There are several fundamental data units which include:
Bit\u2013 a data unit which must be in one of the two binary states described above. It
is the smallest data unit that exists.
Byte\u2013 8 bits of data which has a possible value from 0 to 255.
Word\u2013 two bytes or 16 bits of data with a possible unsigned value from 0 to
Data Transmission

Data transmission is the act of sending data from one place to another. Data is transmitted both inside and outside your computer. There are two fundamental methods of data transmission.

Serial \u2013 data is sent on a single line and one bit is sent at a time. This is similar to a
line which one item must come one after another.

Parallel \u2013 data is sent on more than one line at a time. This may be any number of bits at a time, but is usually one word at a time (two bytes) or possibly three bytes at a time.


The term computer hardware refers to the various electronic components that are required for you to use a computer along with the hardware components inside the computer case. As you know your computer equipment is made of several common components. These include:

The main computer box
A monitor-looks like a television screen
A keyboard
A mouse
An optional printer
The main computer box is the main component of the computer. It has computer
hardware parts inside that perform the following functions:
Temporary storage of information (known as data in more technical terms) \u2013 this
function is done by memory.
Permanent storage of information \u2013 this function is done by a hard disk, floppy
disk, or CD ROM.
Manipulation or processing data \u2013 used to determine where data is stored and
perform calculations which support operations that the user is doing.

Interfacing to the outside components or to the outside world \u2013 this supports the ability for the user to communicate with the computer and know how the computer is responding to commands which are done primarily through the monitor, keyboard, and mouse along with their interface components in the main computer box.

A power supply which provides the electrical power to the components in the
computer box.
The Main Computer Box
The main computer box is made of several computer hardware components and
subcomponents which include:

The case - The outside component which provides protection for the parts inside and provides a fan and power supply which is used to both cool the working parts inside and provide power to them.

The motherboard - Hold the following computer hardware subcomponents:
Memory - Used to provide temporary storage of information as discussed
Microprocessor - Used to provide the processing of data function as
discussed earlier.

Video interface card which is also called the video card - This card is an interface between the computer monitor and the motherboard and its subcomponents such as the microprocessor and memory. This card may be

Activity (42)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
adddata liked this
adddata liked this
ankithns102 liked this
edbern20005873 liked this
sarmasarmateja liked this
jenil_gada liked this
syriluit liked this
ihateu1 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->