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Published by: api-3717246 on Oct 19, 2008
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Paper presented at the LS 2001 Census launch conference,
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine,
21 September 2004Tony Champion

School of Geography, Politics and Sociology
University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU
Tel: +44 (0) 191 222 6437, Email: tony.champion@ncl.ac.uk

Testing the return migration element of the
\u2018escalator region\u2019 model: an analysis of migration
into and out of South East England, 1966-2001

Introduction 1
\u202215 years ago Tony Fielding published his first analyses
demonstrating SE England (SE) as an \u2018escalator region\u2019

\u2022He used linked 1971-1981 Census records of individual
people (from ONS Longitudinal Study, LS) to show that
people moving into the SE from the Rest of England &
Wales (REW) advanced in their \u2018social class\u2019 faster than
those \u2018staying\u2019 in the SE, who themselves advanced faster
than residents of other regions.

\u2022And also demonstrated that people moving from SE to
REW 1971-81 were \u2018stepping off the escalator\u2019 to some
extent, notably by retiring or moving into lower-grade work
(especially from professional and managerial into \u2018self-
employment = petite bourgeoisie\u2019)

\u2022Subsequently, Fielding extended his work by differentiating by gender, showing that women get more advantage from this process than men, and also updated the analysis to cover the 1981-91 intercensal \u2018transitions\u2019.

Introduction 2

\u2022But so far there has been no analysis of differences by age.
Nor of the life-course aspects of the process, i.e. whether
individual people go through the full cycle of moving to SE,
advancing in their careers and then stepping off the

\u2022Not surprising, as previous analyses have been cross- sectional, covering either 1971-81 or 1981-91 transition periods \u2013 when, by definition, it will be different people moving into the SE and moving out (NB. no analysis of people\u2019s birth region or previous move)

\u2022But, now that LS members\u2019 records have been updated to
include their 2001 characteristics, there is now a 30-year
span of data on \u2018survivors\u2019 that covers a fair proportion of a
person\u2019s working life. Enough to begin to explore the \u2018life-
cycle\u2019 component of the \u2018escalator region\u2019 model, even if we
need to wait for 2011 Census for a more comprehensive

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