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solar cooker and water heater

solar cooker and water heater

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Published by: DIPAK VINAYAK SHIRBHATE on Oct 19, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/18/2014

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Solar Cooker Cum Water Heater
INTRODUCTION
ON SURYA, THE SUN GOD

With bold might that spread all around, rises that sun. Who isAdi ya, the origin of life stretching golden rays like this hands,Savi ta the creative solar energy, heating objects to shed fouluapours, moves on between Heaven & the Earth, removes away diseases projects, heat and rays of light, holding mid-region and the Heaven by his gravitational pull makes sunshine reach these.

With the golden eye -Savi ta, the Sun-God, has come there over the stay, holding jewels of choicest splendour for one who distributes wealth to others. Yoked with wind forces.

He holds together towards Himself for their security, the creatures world and
features, and nourishing them, shines supreme over the various worlds

The sources of most of our energy has been our renewable positive fuels, oil, coal, and natural gas. This is unfortunate from a long term point of view as these precious resources that took millions of years for nature to produce are being depleted in a few hundred years.

Our present overdependence on non-renewable natural resources could lead to catastriphic consequences. There is real evidence that human being have outstripped the capacity of this planet to sustain present life styles.

Until now the world is using the possible fuels, nuclear fuels for the power generations, but the stocks of these fuels is limited on the contrary consumption is large. The improved life standard of the man in this science age, seek over increasing power demand and to face with it, has become the serious problems. Again the monopoly of one or another nation in the possession of certain type of fuels has set international stresses. The energy crises cannot be solved over night in a few years or even by the end of this century. It is a long term problem, not only for this but for coming generation also. The two most significant source are nuclear and solar energy.

Nuclear energy required advanced technology and costly means for it and reliable utilization and may have undesirable side-effects, solar energy on the other hand shows promise of becoming dependable energy source with the new requirement of highly

N.P.T.N. Achalpur
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Solar Cooker Cum Water Heater
technical & specialized nature for its widespread utilization. In addition, it appears to have
no significant polluting effects from its use and it is also abundant

This is freely available sources of energy & can meet small localized needs. It is becoming increasingly evident that solar energy could provide the only solution to supplying energy to the village with an approximate population of 500.

Among the alternative sources of energy that deserves extensive exploitation, solar
energy is the most promising one, particularly in India, which lies in between latitude \u2013
800 N & 370 N. Solar energy is virtually inexhaustible. The typical in solution reaching the
earth on the sunny day is about JKW/m2 at the equator.

The sum gives out 3.7 x 1026 watts of energy into space, out of which earth intercepts only 5x10-10th part of solar energy output. The energy emitted by the sun within 3 minutes is equivalent to world's energy consumption during a year. Solar radiation is reduced in intensity in the atmosphere by clouds, haze, dust, smog, and fog. Intensity of solar energy on a sunny day in India is approximately 1.12KW/m2.

SUN STRUCTURE

The surface of inner sun as appears as a massaic of uniform background with bright granules, it is also called "Photosphere" and is source of our heat and light. CHROMOSPHERE - It is a 10000 Km this transparent layer of rarified gas, it is so called because of its red colour. The third and last layer is called as "Carona" It is made of highly ionised gases and extends for millions of kilometers in to space

\u2022 Mass, M
= (1.991+0.002 )x 1036 kg
\u2022 Radius, R
= (60960 + 0.001) x l08 km
\u2022 Average density
= 10410 + 0.002 gm/cm3 ( about 100 limes that of water )
\u2022 Distance from earth
= 1.5 108 km
\u2022 Average surface temp, T = 5762 + 500 k
\u2022 Temp of core
= 1.5 x107 0 k
N.P.T.N. Achalpur
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Solar Cooker Cum Water Heater
CAUSE OF SOLAR EFFECT

The sun\u2019s great energy releases is the result of an elaborate chemical process in the sun's cores, A process of thermo nuclear fission will the reaction in hydrogen bomb At the tremendous heat of more than 45 million degree of farenhite in the sun's interior, hydrogen atoms fuse with helium atoms to produce the energy that powers our planets, so that energy can only be released in the from of radiation rays of heat energy.

SUN EARTH RELATIONSHIP

The eccentricity of our earth's orbit is such that the distance between the sun and the Earth varies by 3.4%. The angle subtended by the sun at mean earth varies distance of one astronomical unit is 320. The characteristic of sun and its special relationships to earth result in a nearly fixed intensity of solar radiation on the earths atmosphere.

SOLAR CONSTANTS

The sun, which is also known as " The Furnace In The Sky" shoots into our atmosphere at a fairly consistent rate. Thus the energy received by the Earth which is supplied by the Sun, per unit time, per unit area of surface perpendicular to radiation in the space called the 'Solar Constant' and it can be measured first on sq. foot of the outside of the Earth's protective layers gets a whopping average of 108.36 kcal/hr

SOLAR RADIATION

"Photons" are the tiny solar energy units contained by each of the sunlight waves. And these units are being fired at earth by the sun. They arrive in shorter wavelength, means more photons and thus more power.

Most of the solar radiations reach the Earth in the form of electromagnetic wave, of about 0.2523 microns wavelength. About half of this radiation is visible light and rest is infrared which accounts for heat. The sun that actually reaches us is about 80% of visible light, 4\u00b0/o of ultraviolet light and 16% infrared. A very high percentage of this great energy can be captured if we have right equipment.

N.P.T.N. Achalpur
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