Production Planning And Control
that might arise. It includes measurement of actual results, comparison of the same with the planned action and feeding back information the planning stage to make any adjustmentsrequired. The pattern of control is seen in material control, machine utilization, labour control, cost control and quality control.
1.3 PROJECT PLANNING OR PREPLANNING :
Before starting every project its planning is done. Planning a project is a veryimportant task and should be taken up with great care as the efficiency of the whole projectlargely depends upon its planning. While planning a project each and every detail should beworked out in anticipation and should be considered carefully considering all the relevant provisions in advance. Project planning consists of the following important steps.
1) Market Survey :
Market survey in a broad sense, is a commercial survey for the suitability of business it provides necessary statistics helpful for forecasting planning project.
2) Project Capacity :
Capacity of the project must be decided considering the amount of money which can be invested for particular type of product and how the money which can be invested for a particular type of product and how the money can be arranged. While deciding the capacityof the project, following factors must be considered.i) Demand of the product in the market.ii) Quantity of power, water, land and raw material available.iii) Nature of product.iv) investment capacity.
3) Selection of Site :
While selecting the site, technical, commercial and financial aspects shouldthoroughly be considered. Site should be selected in two states; in first stage generallocation for factory should be selected in this location. Important factors to be consideredfor the selection of site.i) General location of the factory.ii) Selection of exact site.
4) Plant Layout :
One of the most important aspects of production system design is layout of facilities primary object of these is to optimize the arrangements “ 4 m’s” and supporting services.
5) Design and Drawing :