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Published by: DIPAK VINAYAK SHIRBHATE on Oct 19, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Production Planning And Control
We will be shouldering the responsibilities of executive of tomorrow so it is tounderstand methods, plans, various techniques that are essential to operate the effectivelyand efficiently. For this purpose we must have the knowledge of PPC.This is also true that this subject intervene into many departments of industrialorganization, their relations with these departments are explained in first few topics.This basic objective of creating the manufacturing organization is to make the products. Thus the production is the nucleus or the centre of entire business operations. Itmust be emphasized, however, that on signal system of forecasting, preplanning, planningand control is suited to all industrial enterprises, no matter how well it may meet the needs of this on that special company. PPC functions look after the manufacturing activities.PPC comprise the planning, routing, dispatching in the manufacturing process sothat the movement of material, performance of machines and operation of labour however are subdivided and are directed and coordinated as to quantity, quality, time and place.Planning and control are two basic and interrelated managerial functions. They are sointerrelated that they can be and often are considered as being one function. Planning is the preparation activity while control is the post-operation function. Both of them are so closelyrelated that they are treated as Siamese twins. Planning sets the objectives, goals, targets onthe basis of available resources with their given constraints. Control is the integral part of effective planning. Similarly control involves assessment of the performance, suchassessment can be made effectively only when some standard of are set in advance. Planninginvolves setting up to such standard. The controlling is made by comparing the actual performance with these present standard and deviations are ascertained and analyzed.Production is an organised activity of converting raw materials into useful products but before starting that work of actual production, production planning is done in order toanticipated possible difficulties and decide in advance as to how the production should becarried out in the best and economical way.Since mere planning of production is not only sufficient, hence management takesall possible steps to see that project or plan chalked by the planning department are properlyadhered to and the standards set are attained in order to achieve it, control over production isexercised. The aim of production control is to produce the products of right quality, in rightquantity at the right time by using the best and least expensive methods.
Production Planning And Control
PPC thus defines as the process of planning the production in advance, setting theexact route of each item give “production order” to shops and lastly to follows up of  progress of produces according to order. The principles of PPC gives in the statement, “First plan your work, then work your plan”.There are few other department associated with PPC are personnel department,manpower planning, costing department etc. Design department is important one as “ Thedesign is the problem of anticipating or trying to do what will be required in future andimproving what is being already produced.
The activities of preplanning, planning and control may be considered to take placein a time sequence. The preplanning is completed before production commences. Planningtakes place immediately before production starts and control is exercised during production.
Preplanning :
It is the procedure followed in developing and designing a work or production of adeveloping and installing a proper layout or tools. It may be involved many functions of theorganization and draws upon forecasting, product design, jigs and tool design, machineselection and estimating to enable proper design to be made. In short, preplanning decideswhat shall be made and how it shall be made.In respective manufacture a large uneconomic output could be produced if  preplanning is omitted. It is also important in one of the operations such as setting up a new plants as preplanning can identify and avoid probable costly errors.
Planning :
This stage decides where and when the product shall be made. It includes thesequencing of operations viz outing and the time schedule for manufacturing viz scheduling.It also states procedures for material planning and supplies, machine loading and deliveries.To perform as functions properly it will need past records of performance and to controlstatistic which may be obtained from pre-planning, cost control or progress.
Control :
This refers to the stage of ensuring that the planned action is in tact carried out.Control initiate the plan at the right time using dispatching and there after control makesappropriate adjustments through progressing to take care of any unforeseen circumstances
Production Planning And Control
that might arise. It includes measurement of actual results, comparison of the same with the planned action and feeding back information the planning stage to make any adjustmentsrequired. The pattern of control is seen in material control, machine utilization, labour control, cost control and quality control.
Before starting every project its planning is done. Planning a project is a veryimportant task and should be taken up with great care as the efficiency of the whole projectlargely depends upon its planning. While planning a project each and every detail should beworked out in anticipation and should be considered carefully considering all the relevant provisions in advance. Project planning consists of the following important steps.
1) Market Survey :
Market survey in a broad sense, is a commercial survey for the suitability of  business it provides necessary statistics helpful for forecasting planning project.
2) Project Capacity :
Capacity of the project must be decided considering the amount of money which can be invested for particular type of product and how the money which can be invested for a particular type of product and how the money can be arranged. While deciding the capacityof the project, following factors must be considered.i) Demand of the product in the market.ii) Quantity of power, water, land and raw material available.iii) Nature of product.iv) investment capacity.
3) Selection of Site :
While selecting the site, technical, commercial and financial aspects shouldthoroughly be considered. Site should be selected in two states; in first stage generallocation for factory should be selected in this location. Important factors to be consideredfor the selection of site.i) General location of the factory.ii) Selection of exact site.
4) Plant Layout :
One of the most important aspects of production system design is layout of facilities primary object of these is to optimize the arrangements “ 4 m’s” and supporting services.
5) Design and Drawing :

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