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advance productivity technique APT BY DV SHIRBHATE

advance productivity technique APT BY DV SHIRBHATE

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Published by: DIPAK VINAYAK SHIRBHATE on Oct 19, 2008
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03/18/2014

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APTUnit-1
1
ADVANCE PRODUCTIVITY TECHNIQUES
UNIT NO.1
Q.1 Explain in detail the cycle of production functions.
Ans:
Delivery products
Customer
Market information
Inspect
Distribution
sales
sale forecast
Products
Quality
control
finance

Production budget
Finished
products

Manufac-
work schedules
turing
Engineering
Issue material
Material
Drawing
Delivery
Procurement
Prodn
specifications
Planning
and standards
& control
Inventory
Control
Material
Material
Requisitions
schedules

Legend:
Instructions
Material flow
Progress report

Fig. Cycle Production Functions
The cycle starts and ends with the customer:

1) The sales department studies the reception of products in the market and consumer reaction to new modifications and designs. Market

research
is
also carried
out
regarding proposed new products.
2)
The
collected
data
are
analyzed
by
the
sales
department, which prepares a sales forecast.
3) A production budget is prepared by the financial
department, in
consultation
with the manufacturing
department.
4) The engineering department is instructed to prepare
drawing, parts list, specifications or to check and modify
existing ones.
5)The
technical
information
is
obtained
from
the
engineering department (including drawings,
part
lists,
APTUnit-1
2
specifications, standards, etc.) and passed on to the
planning section.
6) One of the first functions of the production planning
and control
department is to be well informed about
availability of materials
and
expected
delivery dates
of
materials already ordered. Production planning
is
carried out and detailed schedules are prepared.
7) The inventory levels are checked to determine the
orders for procurement
of
materials
and standard parts
that have to be issued.
Parts and assemblies that are
sub
contracted
are
also
ordered
by
the

purchasing
department.
8)

The
production planning section supplies

complete data on methods, machine loading, and utilization, as well as production schedules, to the control section for dispatching.

9)
The
product
is
manufactured
as
per
the

given
specifications.
10)

Inspection
orders
are released.
The
purpose
of
quality control
during
the
production
process
is to
ensure
that specifications as laid down are confirmed
with.
11)
The
products
after
passing
through

various
channels of distribution reaches to customer.
12)

The
customer
after
comparing
the

product characteristics with those of its competitors and with his expectations,

is
ready
to
contribute
his
views
and
reactions to market researchers.
Q.2. Define the production system. Quote the examples
of a production system .
OR
What is system? Give examples of production system.
How
it is distinguished.
APTUnit-1
3
Ans:The
definition
of production is modified

to include the system concept by stating that a production system is the design process by which elements are transformed into useful products.

INPUT
CONVERSION
OUTPUT
PROCESS
Element
Transformation
Use of products
Material
Machine
Products
Data
Interpretation
Knowledge
Energy
skill
service
Variable
Fixed Cost
Revenue
Fig. Block diagram and examples of a production system.
A
process
is
an
organised
procedure
for
accomplishing

the conversion of inputs into outputs as shown in fig. A unit of output normally requires several types of inputs.

In
an industrial
process, the inputs
account for most of the variable cost
of production.
Conversion facilities are associated
with fixed
cost,
and
the
output
produces
the
revenue.
Elementary
accounting
declares
that
profit
depends
on
the
relationship
of variable and fixed cost to revenue the
interaction of input
and conversion costs to output
revenue.
Example of production system :-

The production of any component or service can be viewed in terms of a production system. For example, the manufacture

of furniture
involves
such inputs as wood,
glue,
nails,
screws, pains,
sand
paper, saw, workers
etc.
After
these
inputs
are acquired, they must be

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