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Big Cousland Dig 2008

Big Cousland Dig 2008

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Published by David Connolly
A community archaeology project was carried out at the village of Cousland in Midlothian. The sites that formed the investigations were located in a fi eld to the west of Cousland, the environs of the castle and walled garden in the centre of the village and the windmill to the southwest.
The work consisted of fi eld walking and geophysical survey with the intention of locating the actual pottery site, geophysics to locate structures in the environs of the castle and walled garden and a metal detecting survey to pinpoint any metal objects in both the walled garden and the fi eld directly to the south of the castle. Excavations were carried out to test the geophysics results in the pottery
fi eld, to locate the missing wall of the castle, the layout and walls of the residential structure adjacent to the castle, to locate the greenhouse and to investigate geophysics results inside the walled garden. Research was also carried out to place all the known structures into their historical context. The ruined windmill was cleared of vegetation and a test trench was put in to investigate the potential for subsurface structures. These works were commissioned by Cousland Local History Project and funded entirely by The Heritage Lottery Fund. The work was undertaken in October 2007, April 2008 and July 2008.

The pottery field was restricted to one test trench due to time restrictions and excavation was limited to 2m away from the walls of the castle and walled garden due to their scheduled ancient monuments(SAM) status and safety considerations. The field to the north of the castle was restricted to geophysical and metal detecting surveys as limitation on time restricted any other work being carried out.
The work will enable the interpretation of the known standing structures of Cousland and develop a research strategy for the newly discovered sites. This project will also form the basis for a future educational/artistic and interpretation project.
A community archaeology project was carried out at the village of Cousland in Midlothian. The sites that formed the investigations were located in a fi eld to the west of Cousland, the environs of the castle and walled garden in the centre of the village and the windmill to the southwest.
The work consisted of fi eld walking and geophysical survey with the intention of locating the actual pottery site, geophysics to locate structures in the environs of the castle and walled garden and a metal detecting survey to pinpoint any metal objects in both the walled garden and the fi eld directly to the south of the castle. Excavations were carried out to test the geophysics results in the pottery
fi eld, to locate the missing wall of the castle, the layout and walls of the residential structure adjacent to the castle, to locate the greenhouse and to investigate geophysics results inside the walled garden. Research was also carried out to place all the known structures into their historical context. The ruined windmill was cleared of vegetation and a test trench was put in to investigate the potential for subsurface structures. These works were commissioned by Cousland Local History Project and funded entirely by The Heritage Lottery Fund. The work was undertaken in October 2007, April 2008 and July 2008.

The pottery field was restricted to one test trench due to time restrictions and excavation was limited to 2m away from the walls of the castle and walled garden due to their scheduled ancient monuments(SAM) status and safety considerations. The field to the north of the castle was restricted to geophysical and metal detecting surveys as limitation on time restricted any other work being carried out.
The work will enable the interpretation of the known standing structures of Cousland and develop a research strategy for the newly discovered sites. This project will also form the basis for a future educational/artistic and interpretation project.

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Published by: David Connolly on Oct 19, 2008
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10/15/2011

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With archaeological and historical advice and support fromConnolly Heritage ConsultancyEdinburgh Archaeological Field SocietyScottish Detector ClubAOC Archaeology LtdCFA ArchaeologyGeorge HaggartyLouise YeomanEast and Midlothian Young Archaeologist ClubsIain Fraser
Bi Cousland Di 
2007/2008  The Cousland Local Histor Proect
 
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Big Cousland Dig - Community Archaeology Project 
 Table of Contents1.0 SUMMARY 42.0 INTRODUCTION 53.0 OBJECTIVES 7.0 METHODOLOGY 85.0 RESULTS 135.1 CASTLE FIELD Area 1 135.1.1 Geophysics (Edinburgh Archaeological Field Society) 135.1.2 Metal Detecting (Scottish Detector Club) (Appendix 4) 115.1.3 Excavation (Figure 3) 195.1.4 Historic Building Record 225.1.5 Historical Research (Cousland Historical Society and Louise Yeoman) 265.3 POTTERY FIELD– Area 2 385.3.1 Geophysics (Edinburgh Archaeological Field Society) (Figure 4) 385.3.2 Field Walking (Figure 4) 395.3.3 Excavation (Figure 4) 405.3.4 Ceramic Report George Haggerty 415.4 WINDMILL PLANTATION Area 3 435.4.1 Clearance 435.4.2 Excavation (Figure 9) 465.4.3 Historic Building Record 465.4.4 Historic Analysis (Iain Fraser RCAHMS) 476.0 CONCLUSIONS 49LLUSTRATIONSigure 1: Location plan 3igure 2: Site Investigation pan 6igure 3: Area1 location of geophysics, detecting, trenches and elevations 10igure 4: Area 2 location of fieldwalking grid, geophysics and distribution plot 11igure 5: Area 3 location of trenches, elevations and area of clearance 12igure 6: Southwest Elevation in Castle Field 23igure 7: Castle Elevation 24igure 8: 1750 Roy Map and 1st Edition OCS map (1854) 44igure 9: Plans, elevations and details of windmill 45ppendix 1: Trench List & Context Listppendix 2: hotograph Listppendix 3: Artefact Listppendix 4: Metal Detecting Artefact Listppendix 5: Ceramic List
 
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Big Cousland Dig - Community Archaeology Project 

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