Islam and Iman
Both the words, Islam and Iman, are used synonymously. Allah Ta’ala says:
“Verily (the true) Deen by Allah is Islam.”
(Aayat No. 19 Surah A’ale Imran)
“Whoever searches for a Deen other than Islam, never will it be accepted fromhim. (i.e. His adoption of any other religion will never be acceptable to AllahTa’ala). And, in the Akhirah he (the one who chooses another religion) will beruined.”
(Aayat No. 85, Surah A’ale Imran)
“Whoever among you turns away from his Deen (Islam) and then dies being akaafir, his good deeds will be ruined in this world and the Aakhirah. Suchpeople are the inmates of the Fire; therein will they remain forever.”
(Aayat 217, Surah Baqara)
The ruin of one’s deeds in this world is the nullification of one’s Nikah. Byrenegading reneging from Islam, the renegade’s (murtad’s) wife falls out of hisNikah. He is also deprived of inheritance. He will not inherit in the estate ofany Muslim. After death there is no Janaazah Salaat for him. The ruin of one’sdeeds in relation to the Aakhirah is the everlasting residence in Jahannum.
If a murtad (one who renounced Islam) returns to the fold of Islam, he will haveto renew his Nikah with the woman who was previously his wife. This renewal willbe with her consent and approval. If she refuses, it cannot be imposed on herand she cannot be compelled to marry him. Allah Ta’ala says:
“O People of Iman! Believe in Allah, His Rasool, in the Kitab which He hasrevealed to His Rasool and in those Kitabs which were revealed before(Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Whoever commits kufr (i.e. disbelieves)with Allah, with His Angels, with His Books, with His Rasools and with the Dayof Qiyaama, verily, he has gone far astray. Undoubtedly, those who were (first)Muslims then became kaffir; then again Muslims; then again kaafir (and remainedso to the last), have gone multiplying in kufr. Allah will never forgive suchpeople nor will He show them the Road (of Jannat).”
(Aayat No. 136-137 Surah Al-Nisa)
Allah Ta’ala says:
“Verily, those who have rejected Our laws, soon will We enter them into adreadful Fire. Therein (there condition will be such that) when their skins havebecome scorched (and burnt out), We will immediately replace the skin so thatthey suffer the punishment (forever). Verily, Allah is most Powerful and theWise.
(Aayat No. 56, Surah Al-Nisa)
Those who have adopted Iman and practiced righteousness, soon will We enter theminto such Paradises under which flow rivers. They will dwell therein forever.