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HTML - User Guide

HTML - User Guide

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Published by: mayurranjan on Nov 26, 2011
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Contents
Articles
HyperText Markup Language/Introduction1HyperText Markup Language2HyperText Markup Language/Head and Body3HyperText Markup Language/Paragraphs and Headings5HyperText Markup Language/Text Formatting8HyperText Markup Language/Hyperlinks14HyperText Markup Language/Images17HyperText Markup Language/Lists19HyperText Markup Language/Tables23HyperText Markup Language/Quotations29HyperText Markup Language/Forms30HyperText Markup Language/CSS31HyperText Markup Language/Validating HTML36HyperText Markup Language/Frames37HyperText Markup Language/Layers37HyperText Markup Language/Music38HyperText Markup Language/Conditional Comments39HyperText Markup Language/Tag List41HyperText Markup Language/Standard Attributes List43HyperText Markup Language/Index45HyperText Markup Language/Glossary47HyperText Markup Language/Links48HyperText Markup Language/To Do48
References
Article Sources and Contributors49Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors50
Article Licenses
License51
 
HyperText Markup Language/Introduction1
HyperText Markup Language/Introduction
HTML is a markup language used in most of the pages of the World Wide Web. HTML files are text files that,unlike completely plain text, contain additional formatting markup
 —
sequences of characters telling web browserswhat parts of text should be bold, where the headings are, or where tables, table rows and table cells start and end.HTML may be displayed by a visual web browser, a browser that reads the text of the page to the user, a Braillereader that converts pages to a braille format, email client, or a wireless device like a cellular phone.
Before we start
To author and test HTML pages, you will need an editor and a web browser. HTML can be edited in plain texteditors, including those that highlight HTML markup with colors to make it easier to read. There are alsoWYSIWYG editors of HTML, and complex WYSIWYG(What You See Is What You Get) editors with websiteproject management and development environmentsIt is a good idea to learn XHTML, Javascript, ASP.NET and/or PHP to make high quality websites.Plain text editors include Notepad for Microsoft® Windows, TextEdit for Mac, or Vim, Emacs and other for Linux.Commercial HTML editors include Adobe Dreamweaver, GoLive, HomeSite, Contribute. There are also free HTMLeditors out there including Microsoft's Visual Web Developer (for Windows), Evrsoft First Page (for Windows), Nvu(for Windows, Mac OSX, and Linux) and Quanta Plus (only Linux versions available). It is usually better to gain abasic knowledge of HTML using a code-based HTML editor before delving into the WYSIWYG editors (i.e.Dreamweaver, GoLive, Contribute, Frontpage, Nvu, and Quanta+).To preview your documents, you'll need a web browser. To make your documents look good to the greatest numberof readers, test the documents in several browsers. Each browser has slightly different rendering, and most have theirquirks, resulting in certain sequences of correctly written HTML rendered incorrectly.Microsoft Internet Explorer is the most widely used browser, currently holding about 58% of the market. Othercommon browsers include Mozilla Firefox, Safari, and Opera. To make sure that your documents are readable in atext only environment, you can use Lynx.
A simple document
Let's start with a simple document. Write this code in your editor, or copy-and-paste it, and save it as "index.html".The file must be saved with the exact extension, and will not render or run correctly otherwise.
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN""http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd"><html><head><title> Simple document </title></head><body><p>The text of the document goes here.</p></body></html>
Now open the document in your browser and see the result. From the above example, we can deduce certainessentials of a HTML document:The first line of a valid HTML document must state which version of HTML the document uses. This exampleuses the strict variant of HTML version 4.01.

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