Reasons for the professionalization of private security in the US
The first Hallcrestreport claimed that in 1977 the expenditure on private security and publicsecurity in the United States reached a point where it was evenly balanced. However theupdated version of the report claimed that spending on private security would be threetimesgreater by the year 2000.The United States experienced vast growth in private security over the last 50 years. It’sdown to a number of factors which include rising crime or the publication therefore viamodern media, a laboring police force and anincrease in wealth.In the United States crime increased steadily between the 1960 and late 1990s. The vastincrease of crime in the United States prompted people to protect themselves and thereforeit gave rise to the privatization of security. Therole of the media also needs to be assessedwhen one consider crimes impact on the increase of security. The development of technology to distribute information and in particular visual media increased people’sawareness of crime and especially the brutality involved in some cases. The fear that themedia can create may alter people’s perception of their safety or the lack of it. The role of the media is not limited to conventional crime but is also important to other threats tosafety for instance, natural disasters and terrorism.The vast increase in crime together with a lack of public funds also placed the policeunder increasing pressure. The perception exists in some cases that the police are noteffective and therefore added security is needed to protect oneself from the new dangers.Corruption in the police also added to public perception that the police might not besufficient to protect people and their interests.