Law and Grace
Messianic groups, such as the
Association of Messianic Congregations
, adoptdispensationalism. Others, like David Stern, teach that a Jewish believer is still obligated to theLaw of Moses. There are others who teach that Gentile believers must also observe the MosaicLaw.The word translated “law” in our English translations is the Hebrew word “Torah” in the OldTestament and the Greek word “nomos” in the New Testament.
means teaching or instruction. Traditionally, the phrase “The Torah” means the first five books of the Bible butamongst many Jewish people it has a wider meaning incorporating the entire Tanakh (OldTestament). Both views have validity. The Mosaic Covenant is a Gods Torah given to Israel, butTorah existed before Moses and continues until today. The book of Proverbs in particular, whilstnot part of the law of Moses, is “instruction” or “Torah”. To be without
is to be withoutinstruction and without law. Whilst we are not under the Torah as given to Moses, we are given
.The Mosaic Law has been made voidThe Mosaic Law operated under the Mosaic Covenant which was ratified at Mount Sinai and sealedwith the blood of the Covenant (Exodus 24:1-8). It was a conditional covenant and only given tothe nation Israel. It was not given to Gentile nations. If a Gentile wanted to enter into theseCovenant blessings, he had to enter into the covenant by means of circumcision. Those of us whoare Gentiles have received Gods general revelation of creation and conscience and their ignoranceof God is without excuse. The Jewish people had greater revelation and have sinned not onlyagainst conscience but against their law.Romans 10:4 teaches that the Mosaic Law was rendered inoperative at at Messiahs death:
Messiahis the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.
Messiah brought the Law to anend. Some Messianic teachers will object that this is not the correct interpretation of this verse.Their argument is that the Greek word translated “end” (telos) actually means “goal” and thereforethe Law has not ended. However, both are correct: Messiah is the goal and the end of the law. InRomans 1-9 Paul has been dealing with the proper and improper use of the Law so to bring out themeaning that “Messiah is the goal of the law” fits well into the context. Once you have reached thegoal to which you are aiming you have reached the
. The definitions for the Greek word
here are:τελλω; point aimed at as a limit, that is, (by implication) the conclusion of an act or state(termination [literally, figuratively or indefinitely], result [immediate, ultimate or prophetic], purpose).
Signifies (a) "the limit," either at which a person or thing ceases to be what he or it wasup to that point, or at which previous activities were ceased, 2Co. 3:13 1Pe. 4:7 (b)"the final issue or result" of a state or process, e.g., Lu. 1:33 in Ro. 10:4, Christ isdescribed as "the end of the Law unto righteousness to everyone that believeth"
4Strong's Hebrew and Greek Dictionary, James Strong, Public Domain5W.E. Vine, Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words, Thomas Nelson Publishers, p198
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