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Ch01 - Mechanics of Solids

Ch01 - Mechanics of Solids

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Mech of solids
Mech of solids

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Published by: api-3871574 on Oct 19, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Sandor, B.I.; Roloff, R; et. al.\u201cMechanics of Solids\u201d
Mechanical Engineering Handbook
Ed. Frank Kreith
Boca Raton: CRC Press LLC,1999
c
\ue0001999 by CRC Press LLC
1-1
\u00a9 1999 by CRC Press LLC
Mechanics of Solids
1.1 Introduction......................................................................1-1
1.2 Statics...............................................................................1-3
Vectors. Equilibrium of Particles. Free-body Diagrams \u2022 Forces

on Rigid Bodies \u2022 Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies \u2022 Forces and
Moments in Beams \u2022 Simple Structures and Machines \u2022
Distributed Forces \u2022 Friction \u2022 Work and Potential Energy \u2022
Moments of Inertia

1.3 Dynamics........................................................................1-31

Kinematics of Particles \u2022 Kinetics of Particles \u2022 Kinetics of
Systems of Particles \u2022 Kinematics of Rigid Bodies \u2022 Kinetics
of Rigid Bodies in Plane Motion \u2022 Energy and Momentum

Methods for Rigid Bodies in Plane Motion \u2022 Kinetics of Rigid
Bodies in Three Dimensions
1.4 Vibrations.......................................................................1-57

Undamped Free and Forced Vibrations \u2022 Damped Free and Forced Vibrations \u2022 Vibration Control \u2022 Random Vibrations. Shock Excitations \u2022 Multiple-Degree-of-Freedom Systems. Modal Analysis \u2022 Vibration-Measuring Instruments

1.5 Mechanics of Materials..................................................1-67
Stress \u2022 Strain \u2022 Mechanical Behaviors and Properties of
Materials \u2022 Uniaxial Elastic Deformations \u2022 Stresses in Beams
\u2022 De\ufb02ections of Beams \u2022 Torsion \u2022 Statically Indeterminate
Members \u2022 Buckling \u2022 Impact Loading \u2022 Combined Stresses \u2022
Pressure Vessels \u2022 Experimental Stress Analysis and
Mechanical Testing
1.6 Structural Integrity and Durability...............................1-104
Finite Element Analysis. Stress Concentrations \u2022 Fracture
Mechanics \u2022 Creep and Stress Relaxation \u2022 Fatigue
1.7 Comprehensive Example of Using Mechanics of Solids
Methods........................................................................1-125
The Project \u2022 Concepts and Methods
1.1 Introduction
Bela I. Sandor

Engineers use the concepts and methods of mechanics of solids in designing and evaluating tools, machines, and structures, ranging from wrenches to cars to spacecraft. The required educational back- ground for these includes courses in statics, dynamics, mechanics of materials, and related subjects. For example, dynamics of rigid bodies is needed in generalizing the spectrum of service loads on a car, which is essential in de\ufb01ning the vehicle\u2019s deformations and long-term durability. In regard to structural

Bela I. Sandor
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Ryan Roloff
Allied Signal Aerospace
Stephen M. Birn
Allied Signal Aerospace
Maan H. Jawad
N ooter Consulting Services
Michael L. Brown
A.O. Sm ith Corp.
1-2
Section 1

integrity and durability, the designer should think not only about preventing the catastrophic failures of products, but also of customer satisfaction. For example, a car with gradually loosening bolts (which is dif\ufb01cult to prevent in a corrosive and thermal and mechanical cyclic loading environment) is a poor product because of safety, vibration, and noise problems. There are sophisticated methods to assure a product\u2019s performance and reliability, as exempli\ufb01ed in Figure 1.1.1. A similar but even more realistic test setup is shown in Color Plate 1.*

It is common experience among engineers that they have to review some old knowledge or learn something new, but what is needed at the moment is not at their \ufb01ngertips. This chapter may help the reader in such a situation. Within the constraints of a single book on mechanical engineering, it provides overviews of topics with modern perspectives, illustrations of typical applications, modeling to solve problems quantitatively with realistic simpli\ufb01cations, equations and procedures, useful hints and remind- ers of common errors, trends of relevant material and mechanical system behaviors, and references to additional information.

The chapter is like an emergency toolbox. It includes a coherent assortment of basic tools, such as vector expressions useful for calculating bending stresses caused by a three-dimensional force system on a shaft, and sophisticated methods, such as life prediction of components using fracture mechanics and modern measurement techniques. In many cases much more information should be considered than is covered in this chapter.

*Color Plates 1 to 16 follow page 1-131.
FIGURE 1.1.1 Artist\u2019s concept of a moving stainless steel roadway to drive the suspension system through a

spinning, articulated wheel, simulating three-dimensional motions and forces. (MTS Systems Corp., Minneapolis, MN. With permission.) Notes: Flat-Trac\u00ae Roadway Simulator, R&D100 Award-winning system in 1993. See also Color Plate 1.*

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