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Cocktail Shakers

Cocktail Shakers

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Published by Leonard Felson
For a certain cadre of bartenders, mixing drinks is an art form.
For a certain cadre of bartenders, mixing drinks is an art form.

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Published by: Leonard Felson on Nov 27, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Cocktail Shakers
David Roth is in his groove. The 41-year-old beverage director at Hartford’s Feng Asian Bistro and the GinzaRestaurant Group is talking shop with fellow Connecticut bartenders at a mixer, where they’re picking one another’s
brains about proper techniques, utensils, the best ice, new products—all so they can make cocktails that will wowcustomers the next time they sidle up to the bar.Roth and his buddies are debating esoteric points like when to use a Hawthorn strainer versus a Julep one, how
many times to stir certain drinks, which bitters to use when; about the Japanese “hard shake” technique, when to adda bit of froth and foam, about a hot bar on Manhattan’s Lower East Side using absinthe in a spray bottle. They can,and do, go on for hours like this.Meet Connecticut’s newest breed of bartenders and mixologists. What sets them apart from others in their field istheir passion for their art and craft. They thirst to learn ever more about mastering classics like the martini, Manhattanand Negroni, and about creating their own new masterpieces. They are to drink what the state’s best chefs are tofood. They are cutting-edge, even geeky, in how thoroughly they can drill down into the world of spirits.Learn who they are and where they work and you’ll experience cocktails in ways you never knew possible. Not thatthese bartenders and their bars are undiscovered. Indeed, their growing bands of followers seek them out as othersmight favorite musicians or chefs.On a Wednesday night at the sophisticated yet hip 116 Crown in New Haven, eclectic music fills the restaurant andbar space as bartenders mix drinks in cocktail shakers so vigorously they sound like Cuban percussionists. Thesound comes from the ice cubes, and not just any ice, but exactly 1.25-inch-full cubes made with pure filtered water,no detail overlooked. Co-owner John Ginnetti, 33, one of the state’s most creative mixologists, wanted a place thatexcelled not just in food but also in drinks and wine. Most of the 50 drinks on the menu are his inventions, and theyshow the thought he puts into them.One, called the Forth & Clyde, gets rave reviews from customers who tell him it’s the best drink they’ve ever had. In itare gin, bourbon, St. Germain elderflower liqueur, lime juice, local honey and Salemme chili flakes from New Haven,and it’s served straight up. “It’s perfectly balanced,” says Ginnetti, defining his main criterion for a cocktail.But he’s taken the balance a step further: the drink fills a chilled martini glass and the finish is the heat of the pepper flakes. Another, called the Gray Lady, which he created in honor of the restaurant’s “Excellent” review in
The New York Times
, includes gin, crème de violette, organic egg-white foam, lemon juice and simple syrup.Ginnetti claims that what he and like-minded bartenders are doing is creating art, “the product or process of deliberately arranging items, often with symbolic significance in a way that influences and affects one or more of the
senses, emotions and intellect” (a definition he got from Wikipedia). He presents it to students at the University of New Haven each time he offers his mixology course, believed to be the only such full-credit college class in the state.“That’s actually what I think about when making drinks,” Ginnetti says. “We’re deliberately arranging things in a waythat influences and affects one or more of the senses,” he adds, sipping a Chantmé, a cocktail he created with gin,Chartreuse and scotch on the rocks. “It has smell, it has taste—it hits me everywhere.”Ginnetti, of course, isn’t the only one creating art behind a bar. Denis Hallock, the 42-year-old wine director,restaurant manager and bar manager at Stamford’s Telluride Restaurant, says he has followers so confident in histalent that they say, “Make me anything you want.” That reputation grew from his time in Litchfield, making drinks for the New Yorkers and celebrities weekending in northwestern Connecticut who would stop at the former 3W & the
Blue Bar, where he tended bar. These days at Telluride, he’s forever designing new drinks, often attuned to theseason or the menu. Last fall, he created a margarita with maple syrup, and a pumpkin martini; last winter he cameup with a pear margarita and a pear martini, inspired by a pear salad featured on the menu.In Old Saybrook, Anthony DeSerio, the 38-year-old operations manager and a bartender at Aspen Restaurant, alsodesigns cocktails for its drink menu. One of his creations, called a “Sapphire Starbust” (a concoction of BombaySapphire gin; Aperol, an Italian aperitif; Regan’s Orange Bitters #6 and Ripe agave sour mix), appears in spirit andcocktail expert Gary (“Gaz”) Regan’s
 Annual Manual for Bartenders
, to be released this month. His use of balsamicvinegar in the Bloody Marys he makes at Aspen also won notice from Regan, in his
San Francisco Chronicle
cocktailcolumn last January.Like other trendsetters, these innovative bartenders are always on the lookout for new products to bring magic to their creations. DeSerio has lately begun designing drinks using Ripe, marketed as the first line of pure-squeezed, all-natural cocktail mixers (shown below). The product, created by Wallingford natives Michel Boissy and RyanGuimond, launched just a year ago, but is already carried at Whole Foods and many other locations (drinkripe.com).“I was floored by the quality,” says DeSerio. Similarly, when one of Ginnetti’s purveyors mentioned a new maplesyrup with a spiked edge and a French chardonnay vinegar with Egyptian lemon called Noble Tonic featured in theTimes dining section, Ginnetti had to have them. “I can’t not have them,” he says, promising he’ll find a way to useboth.The spiked interest in mixology didn’t happen overnight. Bartenders and those who write about cocktails and spiritssay it started about a decade ago and gained steam from shows like AMC’s “Mad Men,” in which characters alwaysseem to have a cocktail or glass of scotch in their hand.And the more popular cocktails become, the more serious therole of the mix master.Spend time with any of these bartenders and you appreciate how they thirst to hone their craft. Roth, for example,has been to Japan twice to learn more about sake cocktails from a world-leading sake expert. (“The first time I got toTokyo, I felt like I was in Lost in Translation,” Roth recalls.) He and others enroll in classes in New York or rigorousonline courses like BarSmarts, enter competitions to test their skills and learn from colleagues. And they carry aroundwhat they call their “bibles,” books like
The Fine Art of Mixing Drinks
by David A. Embury, from 1948; Jerry Thomas’
Bartender’s Guide
(1887, reprinted in 1928); Dale Degroff’s
The Craft of the Cocktail 
has to have thatone,” he says); and Gaz Regan’s
The Joy of Mixology 
.At one competition, Roth met Dimitrios Zahariadis, a former bar manager at Tao Asian Bistro in midtown Manhattan,who had moved home to Connecticut to help his Greek family’s restaurant business. Zahariadis, now bar manager at
Waterbury’s La Tavola Ristorante, was a member of the U.S. Bartenders’ Guild in New York, but was surprised tolearn that there was no chapter anywhere in Connecticut.Not anymore. With Zahariadis as president and Roth as vice president, the state chapter can claim about 20
members in its first year. “It’s an uphill battle [enrolling members],” says Zahariadis, in part because the guild is newto Connecticut and bartenders tend to know other bartenders in the area where they work, but not elsewhere in thestate. (Bartenders, check out Facebook page USBGCT.)Yet Roth believes that will change as word spreads from one bartender to another, and as they realize the benefits:field trips to innovative bars in Boston or New York perhaps, a road trip to a Philadelphia microdistillery that makesAmerican dry gin and absinthe, get-togethers to talk shop, and shortcourses on making cocktails using, say, Campari,or other specialized ingredients.With colleagues supporting one another, with the Internet, with the ability to look up virtually anything on asmartphone, Roth maintains that bartenders no longer have an excuse not “to make the best damn drink possible.”He adds: “Make sure the perfect garnish with every drink is a smile,” an aphorism famous in the bartending culture. “If 

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