Several major educational research groups have done studies on this broad topic,comparing various groups such as home-computer users to non-home-computer users of children. Once sorted into groups, students take their state exams, and those results become arelevant measure of how the two groups compare academically (O’Dwyer, L., et al., 2005). The
Journal of Technology, Learning and Assessment
included a large articles which examined therelationship between computer use at home and school in relation to English/language arts testscores (2005). The researchers performed an in depth study designed around questions like“How often do you use your home computer to play games?” or “Who often do you use your home computer to search the Internet for fun?” Based on students answered questions like those,in addition to many others, the researchers came to a conclusion about the correlation betweenhome computer usage and test scores. O’Dwyer, L., et al concluded that “these analyses provideevidence that students who spend more time recreating with a computer at home perform worsethan expected (based on prior achievement) on the reading and literature portion of the MCAS”(2005). It is interesting to note that this is not concrete data since it was contained to only oneregion of Massachusetts, not a large cross section of the United States. These results could be aconsequence of many factors, but home computer usage certainly does contribute. O’Dwyer, L.,et al. also added that contributing to this relationship could be the notion that students spendmore time playing with a computer and less time reading at home (2005).Following from those conclusions and explanations, another study conducted foundsimilar results.
Scaling the Digital Divide:
StudentAchievement was the title of the article done by Vigdor and Ladd in 2010 which also related theuse of home computers by students to their achievement in school. This article presented morethan one side of the issue, explaining that there can be both positives and negatives to student