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MADAGASCAR: FTI Progress Report – April 2011 (UNICEF - 2011)

MADAGASCAR: FTI Progress Report – April 2011 (UNICEF - 2011)

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Published by HayZara Madagascar
1. After the political destabilization and unconstitutional government change in Madagascar in March, 2009, the future of the FTI allocation for Madagascar was uncertain. Since the new government was not recognized by the international community, the World Bank (as supervising entity) could not proceed with the preparation for the first transfer of the 2009-2011 allocation. The Local Education Group (LEG) therefore requested that a first part of the allocation be transferred to UNICEF as a transitional supervising and implementing entity. So far, UNICEF has received and managed a total of US$ 37,018,000 (two transfers) of the current FTI allocation for Madagascar. US$ 26 million remain to be disbursed in 2011 for the 2011/2012 school year.

2. The government of Andry Rajoelina is still seeking international recognition. Over the past two years, several moves have been made towards a consensual transitional government through international mediation. These attempts have failed to gain the support of all parties. The most recent roadmap, proposed by the Mozambican mediator Dr. Simao, was initialed by more than a hundred political parties but did not lead to international recognition. The refusal by the three former presidents Zafy, Ratsiraka and Ravalomanana to sign the roadmap, and their failure to recognize the recently formed transitional government, means that the situation remains blocked. A SADC meeting in April is supposed to make another attempt to move Madagascar out of its political gridlock.
********************************
UNICEF - 2011
1. After the political destabilization and unconstitutional government change in Madagascar in March, 2009, the future of the FTI allocation for Madagascar was uncertain. Since the new government was not recognized by the international community, the World Bank (as supervising entity) could not proceed with the preparation for the first transfer of the 2009-2011 allocation. The Local Education Group (LEG) therefore requested that a first part of the allocation be transferred to UNICEF as a transitional supervising and implementing entity. So far, UNICEF has received and managed a total of US$ 37,018,000 (two transfers) of the current FTI allocation for Madagascar. US$ 26 million remain to be disbursed in 2011 for the 2011/2012 school year.

2. The government of Andry Rajoelina is still seeking international recognition. Over the past two years, several moves have been made towards a consensual transitional government through international mediation. These attempts have failed to gain the support of all parties. The most recent roadmap, proposed by the Mozambican mediator Dr. Simao, was initialed by more than a hundred political parties but did not lead to international recognition. The refusal by the three former presidents Zafy, Ratsiraka and Ravalomanana to sign the roadmap, and their failure to recognize the recently formed transitional government, means that the situation remains blocked. A SADC meeting in April is supposed to make another attempt to move Madagascar out of its political gridlock.
********************************
UNICEF - 2011

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Published by: HayZara Madagascar on Nov 28, 2011
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MADAGASCAR: FTI Progress Report
 – 
April 2011
Background
1.
 
After the political destabilization and unconstitutional government change in Madagascar inMarch, 2009, the future of the FTI allocation for Madagascar was uncertain. Since the newgovernment was not recognized by the international community, the World Bank (as supervisingentity) could not proceed with the preparation for the first transfer of the 2009-2011 allocation.The Local Education Group (LEG) therefore requested that a first part of the allocation betransferred to UNICEF as a transitional supervising and implementing entity. So far, UNICEF hasreceived and managed a total of US$ 37,018,000 (two transfers) of the current FTI allocation forMadagascar. US$ 26 million remain to be disbursed in 2011 for the 2011/2012 school year.2.
 
The government of Andry Rajoelina is still seeking international recognition. Over the past twoyears, several moves have been made towards a consensual transitional government throughinternational mediation. These attempts have failed to gain the support of all parties. The mostrecent roadmap, proposed by the Mozambican mediator Dr. Simao, was initialed by more than ahundred political parties but did not lead to international recognition. The refusal by the threeformer presidents Zafy, Ratsiraka and Ravalomanana to sign the roadmap, and their failure torecognize the recently formed transitional government, means that the situation remains blocked.A SADC meeting in April is supposed to make another attempt to move Madagascar out of itspolitical gridlock.
 Positive impact of FTI in the education sector
3.
 
The FTI support has played a crucial role in keeping the education sector development on track inMadagascar: After the initial rejection of the endorsed EFA Plan by the new Minister of Education in March 2009, there was high concern among the LEG that the sector would sufferfrom lack of clarity in policy, lack of continuity in sector development, lack of financing andoverall, loss of the considerable progress made over the past decade. The almost completeturnover in technical leadership in the Ministry of Education, combined with a highly politicizedcontext, raised legitimate capacity concerns. The likelihood of replacing the existing strategies toimprove access, quality, governance and financing with new, appropriate strategies wasconsidered extremely low. To the LEG, it was therefore important to ensure that the existingstrategies be kept on track as much as possible.4.
 
Faced with this situation, the LEG used the FTI allocation to leverage for continuity: In responseto the FTI request for an adjusted implementation plan in mid 2010, the LEG organized a study onthe state of implementation of the endorsed EFA Plan in March-June 2010. The study culminatedin consultations within the LEG and with the technical levels of the Ministry of Education. Thisenabled the EFA Plan to be revalidated by the Ministry of Education in June 2010. Theconsultations led to agreement on adjustments in the implementation of the Plan in view of thechanged political and economic context, but the core of the sector development strategy wasretained. This was a major achievement when taking into consideration the open rejection of theEFA Plan a year earlier. The agreement enabled the release of US$ 22,018,000 to UNICEF for the2010/2011 school year.
 
5.
 
Since June 2010, progress has been made in some key areas of the EFA plan (with FTI and otherfunding): The development of a new basic education curriculum has continued; the work on anin-service teacher training strategy for untrained community teachers has recommenced;preparation for the evaluation of the reform extending primary education from five to seven yearsis in progress. The Ministry of Education is also moving forward with a process to strengthendecentralized planning and review mechanisms. While implementation is not at the level of whatwas expected at the time of the endorsement in 2008, there is a certain level of continuity in thesector development and notable efforts to move forward with key strategies.
 Issues of concern
6.
 
There is, however, recognition in the LEG that the level and prioritizing of governmentcommitment to education should be closely monitored
 — 
in particular to ensure that schoolsreceive school capitation grants (not released in 2009/2010) and community teachers are paid bythe government for the eight months per year not covered by the FTI funds. Lack of financing toschool level has resulted in schools turning to vulnerable parents for financial contributions. Atthe start of the 2010/2011 school year, most schools demanded registration fees from parents tosubstitute for the school capitation grants. School-level monitoring and spot checks revealworrying signs that enrollment may have dropped as a result of this practice, althoughcomprehensive data (through the Ministry of Education data collection system) are not yetavailable.7.
 
The Ministry of Education began to make the transfers of school capitation grants for 2010/2011in March, and the LEG is monitoring how much is provided per student in urban/rural contextsand by region. Likewise, after a delay in the payment of the community teacher salaries during thelast four months of 2010, the Ministry has recently completed the transfers for these four months.The LEG will continue to monitor. Since no joint sector review has taken place since 2008because of the political situation (apart from the 2010 consultations), an alternative joint review isbeing planned for the two first weeks of May, to assess progress, determine challenges and overall,to make recommendations with regard to theremaining FTI allocation of US$ 26 million.8.
 
A new Minister of Education was appointed on March 28, 2011, as part of the recent attemptedmove towards a consensual government mentioned above. As a result, changes in technicalpositions at central and decentralized levels could occur in the weeks and months ahead. Theupcoming alternative joint review will be an opportunity to ensure that the Ministry
’s
technicalteam remains fully on board to ensure continuity.
Update on FTI funds supervised by UNICEF
 9.
 
 2009/2010 Transfer:
US$ 15 million were released to UNICEF in December, 2009. These fundswere used during the 2009/2010 school year to cover three key activities:
 
 
Payment of salary subventions of 38,583 community teachers for 4 out of 8 months (January-April 2010)
 
Payment of school cash grants (local catalytic funds) for quality improvement in 11,494schools (these funds are intended to be complementary to and not substitute for the schoolcapitation grants)
 
 
Construction of 226 classrooms in communities without schools and incomplete cycleprimary schools (by ILO,
 Aide et Action
and UNICEF).
10.
 
 2010/2011 Transfer:
Another US$ 22,018,000 was transferred to UNICEF in November 2010.The programmable amount after
UNICEF’s 7% recovery cost was
US$
20,476,740
. Theactivities covered were agreed during the consultations in June 2010 and adjusted in agreementwith the LEG and technical levels of the Ministry of Education in September 2011. The state of implementation as of April 7 is as follows:
 
ActivityBudget2010/2011(USD)Expenditure31 MarchComments
Community(FRAM) teachersalary subventions10,019,016.00 3,912,809.0038,585 FRAM teachers were paid forJanuary/February. The March/April transferwill cover 39,585 teachers (increase of 1000teachers) and is prepared for mid April. Theincrease in benefiting teachers was originallyplanned by the MoE to begin in January. Thedelay of this increase by two months reducesthe initially planned budget, which will beadjusted accordingly with excess fundstransferred to the school-support (localcatalytic fund) budget.School canteens(implemented byWFP)2,000,000.00 1,999,489.00Canteens provided in 1138 schools for about192 000 pupils in the food-insecure South forthe 2010/2011 school year, funded by FTI(50%), Government of France (through debt
swap) and WFP’s own funds.
TheGovernment of Norway is providingcomplementary financing for non-food items.Construction(implemented byILO and UNICEF)4,000,000.00 2,109,448.162,056,665 USD transferred to ILO; theremainder is managed directly by UNICEF.The list of sites has been agreed with theMoE for the construction of 220 equippedclassrooms. The bidding is in progress andconstruction will begin on schedule after therainy season (in May).In-service teachertraining600,000.00 0.00Discussions are in progress on theadjustment of the strategy andimplementation, including an assessment of resources in place at decentralized levels(teacher resource centres, training networks)to determine what additional support isrequired to implement the strategy. Therewill be a significant capacity buildingcomponent targeting decentralizedpedagogical support entities.School manuals / pedagogicalmaterials882,724.00 0.00Assessment of the situation of schoolmanuals done in January/February atregional, district and zone level. A list of manuals to reproduce and distribute has beencompleted and the bidding is in progress.The funds will also cover the distribution to

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