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f8 JUNE 2010 ANSwers

f8 JUNE 2010 ANSwers

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Published by: Pakistan Dramas on Nov 28, 2011
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Fundamentals Level – Skills Module, Paper F8 (INT)Audit and Assurance (International) June 2010 Answers1 (a)
Identification of risk Explanation of risk
Smoothbrush supplies 60% of its goods Per IAS 2
should beto Homewares at a significantly reduced stated at the lower of cost and net realisableselling price, hence inventory may be value (NRV). Therefore, as selling prices are muchovervalued. lower for goods sold to Homewares, there is a riskthat the NRV of some inventory items may belower than cost and hence that inventory couldbe overvalued.Recoverability of receivable balances as Smoothbrush has extended its credit termscredit period extended. to Homewares from one month to four months.Hence there is an increased risk as balancesoutstanding become older, that they maybecome irrecoverable.Valuation of plant and equipment. The production facility has a large amountof unused plant and equipment. As per IAS 16
Property, Plant and Equipment
and IAS 36
Impairment of Assets
, this plant and equipmentshould be stated at the lower of its carryingvalue and recoverable amount, which may be atscrap value depending on its age and condition.Cut-off of purchases and inventory may not Smoothbrush imports goods from South Asia andbe accurate. the paint can be in transit for up to two months.The company accounts for goods when theyreceive them. Therefore at the year end only goodsthat have been received into the warehouseshould be included in the inventory balance and arespective payables balance recognised.New inventory system introduced in the year. Smoothbrush has introduced a continuous/perpetualThis could result in inventory balances being inventory counting system in the year. These recordsmisstated. will be used for recording inventory at the year end.If the records and new system have not initially beenset up correctly then there is a risk that the year endbalances may not be fairly stated.Inventory may be overstated as Smoothbrush Previously Smoothbrush maintained an inventoryno longer has a slow moving provision. provision of 1%, however, this year it has decidedto remove this. Unless all slow moving/obsoleteitems are identified at the year end and their valueadjusted, there is a risk that the overall value of inventory may be overstated.Provisions/contingent liability disclosures may The company’s finance director (FD) has left andnot be complete. is intending to sue Smoothbrush for unfair dismissal.However, the company does not intend to make anyprovision/disclosures for sums due to the FD.Under IAS 37
Provisions, Contingent Liabilities andContingent Assets
, if there is a present obligation,a probable outflow of resources to settle theobligation and a reliable estimate can be made of theobligation then a provision should be recognised.If the obligation is only possible, or if there is a presentobligation but it is not recognised as there is nota probable outflow of resources, or the amount of theobligation cannot be measured with sufficient reliabilitythen a contingent liability should be disclosed, unlessthe likelihood of payment is remote.
Identification of risk Explanation of risk
Inherent risk is higher due to the changes The financial controller has been appointedin the finance department. as temporary FD and this lack of experiencecould result in an increased risk of errors arisingin the financial statements. In addition theprevious FD is not available to help the financeor audit team.Inventory may be over or understated if the The inventory counts are to cover all of theperpetual inventory counts are not complete inventory lines. If any areas of the warehouseand accurate. are not counted then this will need to be doneat the year end.In addition inventory adjustments arising fromthe counts must be verified and updatedby an appropriate member of the finance teamto ensure that the records are accurate. 
ISA 315
Identifying and Assessing the Risks of Material Misstatement Through Understanding the Entity and Its Environment
,requires auditors ‘to identify and assess the risks of material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, at the financialstatement and assertion levels’.It is vitally important for auditors to assess engagement risks at the planning stage, this will ensure that attention is focusedearly on the areas most likely to cause material misstatements.A thorough risk assessment will also help the auditor to fully understand the entity, which is vital for an effective audit.Any unusual transactions or balances would also be identified early, so that these could be addressed in a timely manner.In addition, as most auditors adopt a risks based audit approach then these risks need to be assessed early in order for theaudit strategy and detailed work programmes to be developed.Assessing risks early should also result in an efficient audit. The team will only focus their time and effort on key areas asopposed to balances or transactions that might be immaterial or unlikely to contain errors.In addition assessing risk early should ensure that the most appropriate team is selected with more experienced staff allocatedto higher risk audits and high risk balances.A thorough risk analysis should ultimately reduce the risk of an inappropriate audit opinion being given. The audit would havefocused on the main risk areas and hence all material misstatements should have been identified, resulting in the correctopinion being given.It should enable the auditor to have a good understanding of the risks of fraud, money laundering, etc.Assessing risk should enable the auditor to assess whether the client is a going concern. 
Controls over the perpetual/continuous inventory system. 
Control Explanation
The inventory count team should be Currently the team includes a warehouse staff member andindependent of the warehouse team. an internal auditor. There should be segregation of rolesbetween those who have day-to-day responsibility forinventory and those who are checking it. If the same teamare responsible for maintaining and checking inventory,then errors and fraud could be hidden.Timetable of counts should be regularly The warehouse has been divided into 12 areas that are eachreviewed to ensure that all areas are counted. due to be counted once over the year. All inventory is requiredto be counted once a year, hence if the timetable is notmonitored then some areas could be missed out.Movements of inventory should be stopped Goods will continue to move in and out of the warehousefrom the designated areas during continuous/ during the counts. Inventory records could beperpetual inventory counts. under/over stated if product lines are missed or doublecounted due to movements in the warehouse.Inventory counting sheets should be pre-printed The inventory sheets produced for the count have thewith a description or item code of the quantities pre-printed, therefore a risk arises that thegoods, but the quantities per the records counting team could just agree with the record quantities,should not be pre-recorded. making under counting more likely, rather than countingthe inventory lines correctly.

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